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The History of Beckenham


this page will be regularly updated: latest update April 20/4/20 with some additions and corrections. Missing illustrations are being added. Adapted from the Beckenham Place Park timeline it will become more generalized about Beckenham as it is edited.



Work in progress ©Malvin Mitchell and Keith Baldwin

Contents:
Introduction
Historians and Sources
Landmarks in Beckenham's History
A Fuller History Timeline
Context
Pre-History and Medieval Period

The Estates

The Manor of Beckenham
The Manor of Foxgrove
Langley Park and Farm
Kelsey
Kent House
Other Properties
Expanded Timeline: Earliest Records to Present Day
    1066 to 1600 Beckenham and some surrounding areas
    1601 to 1800
    1900 to 2000 Beckenham Place unless otherwise stated
A Brief Timeline

Introduction

Beckenham has been written about by almost countless historians but this account may reveal hitherto undiscovered aspects and change or challenge some previous accounts. Building on our work related to Beckenham Place we found the impact of events concerning the other parts of Beckenham and nearby parts of Bromley and Lewisham were of particular interest.

For the earliest events we still rely to varying extents on the work Thomas Philipott, Villare Cantianum 1659. Edward Hasted's History and Topography of Kent and Daniel Lysons Environs of London which certainly provided information, clues and leads. While reciting the work of these writers we also are correcting some of that material and adding information.  Some writers have found misconceptions in all of these and we try to clarify any differences with substantiating evidence from various archives. Most writers have taken the main estates and written about them separately but as the evolution of one estate was often affected by overlaps with another I have attempted to merge the accounts into a timeline which enables relating transfers of property from one owner to another.

Philipot took the Manor of Beckenham, the Manor of Foxgrove, Langley Park, and finally Kelsey or Kelseys. Hasted repeated the format adding Kent House.

Later writers such as Roberty Borrowman (1910) and Rob Copeland (1967) added more recent information which Inman, Tonkin, Manning and others continued. Len Hevey filled a gap of early history upto the 14th Century, citing Robert Borrowman as a post 14th C. writer but we question some of Borrowman'smaterial obviously drawn on Hasted etc.

The timeline from the Beckenham Place Park history will form the foundation of this account but more emphasis will be put on other areas until a more comprehensive picture emerges, hopefully. Some caution has to be exercised as Beckenham had several spelling variations and which may apply to other places or people with that name. Another Beckingham is in Yorkshire sometimes spelt Beckyngham. Other names are prone to spelling variations and alliases such as Brun/Brune/Bruyn and Rochelle/Rokele/Rokeley.

Research into the various people mentioned does reveal some interesting stories of intrigue which would be too lengthy to fully repeat here.


The Historians and Sources

The previous writers include:

Thomas Philipot 1659 History of Kent “Villare Cantianum”,
Edward Hasted 1778 1
st edition Topography and History of Kent and 2nd edition in 1797/99,

Daniel Lysons 1796 Environs of London,

W.H.Ireland 1828 A New and Complete History of Kent,

Robert Borrowmans 1910 Beckenham Past and Present,

Rob Copeland 1967 Manors of Beckenham and other publications,

Nancy Tonkin and Eric Inman’s Beckenham circa 1990,

Len Hevey 1994 "The Early History of Beckenham" (from the Iron Age to 14th C.)

Eric Inman’s 1995 series of articles on the History of Beckenham Place Park written for the Friends of Beckenham Place Park,

Pat Manning 2000 Cators of Beckenham and Woodbastwick and other publications,

Some if not all of these writers drew, as we do, on the works of their predecessors and contemporaries. Hasted refers to Philipott, Lysons to Hasted, etc. Sometimes fiction is written as fact such as we believe some assumptions referred to later in this account. But I also indulge in a few speculative scenarios based on available evidence.

Some material in Bromley Historic Collections and county archives was at some time derived from other archives such as the British Library. Our rediscovery of some of this material has contributed toward our reassessments of the various aspects of  Beckenham's History. Although some of the above writers knew of this material they may not have been so focussed on specific areas or timeslots in order to analyse the content. The archive catalogues searched include: The British Library, The National Archive, National Library of Scotland (maps), Bromley Historic Collections, Surrey Archive, West Sussex Archive. Some archives do not have an online catalogue i.e. Lewisham, Lincolnshire, etc. where we know some records are stored. 

Recently (May,2020) we have acquired a copy of Len Hevey's Early History of Beckenham which confirms some of our findings from independant research and also contains additional material which will incorporate into the timeline

The Internet has also revealed sources as books become available in e-book form and various archives become electronically indexed. Google books and other versions include: Philipott’s, Hasted’s, Lyson’s, and Ireland’s histories, Collinson’s letters, Memorial of Humphrey Marshall and John Bartram, Life of Dr. Johnson, Hester Thrale, Lady D’Arblay, Memoirs of George IV and Memoirs of William IV, etc. Beckenham History and Bromley Borough Local History Society websites contain material. Some of this we would question but for the most part it contributes valuable information and personal recollections.

We aim to represent as accurately as possible the evolution of the town of Beckenham and its environs. Dated estate plans in the British Library, Kent Archive and Bromley Historic Collections have enabled the analysis of landholdings by landlords at specific dates. This has allowed for discovering detail which is not in the earlier written records.  I doubt we will be able to relate everything in a fully comprehendable manner as the chain of events and occupation is not complete. Just as today it would be difficult to relate all transfers of property it is even more difficult from old archives. The small windows we have on the past add some colour to events.

I certainly started by accepting the previous accounts of others, but where prior information is proved to be wrong or doubtful we draw attention to it here. I say 'we' as I am reliant on leads and information from a fellow researcher Keith Baldwin.  I should add that we are not attempting to entirely replace former accounts which all have a lot of information to offer.

Landmarks in Beckenham's History

1086 Recorded in the Domesday Book

1345 Lay Subsidy Roll of taxation

1623 Map of Beckenham Manor (only survives as a 1768 copy)

1659 Thomas Philipott's Villare Cantianum, History of Kent published

1688 Kelsey is bought by Peter Burrell I

1712 Francis Leigh of Foxgrove dies, it passes by sale to Tolson

1720 Map of Foxgrove Manor (only survives as a later copy 1766)

1723 and 1735 Maps of Burrell's Kelsey estate

1732 Hugh Raymond buys Langley and  Simpsons Place

1735 a Map of Langley (referred to in archive and copied later 19th C)

1740/50 Jones Raymond's Map of the Southern part of Langley Place

1745 John Rocque produces a map of London and surrounding area which shows a ‘messuage’ on Stumpshill, described as Stoms Hill on his map.

1760 (circa) John Cator acquires the site of Beckenham Place Park mansion and some other fields in the Manor of Foxgrove and builds a fine stately house by 1762.

1766 redrawn map of Foxgrove Manor

1768 redrawn map of Beckenham Manor

1769 Andrews, Drury and Herbert’s map shows a house with a similar footprint to the current mansion on the site of the Rocque ‘messuage’

1773 John Cator buys the Manor of Beckenham from Viscount Bolingbroke but the purchase is fraught with problems until 1780, very little of Manor of Beckenham land becomes or remains part of Beckenham Place Park.

1777 John Cator exchanges fields called Pill Crofts and Hop Ground adjoining his Stumps Hill house property from Amy Burrell, widow of Peter Burrell II

1785 John Cator closes roads crossing his estate and diverts the Beckenham to Southend road enclosing (enparking) his ‘park’. The lake may have been constructed at this time.

1793 John Cator exchanges land with Peter Burrell IV, Lord Gwydir to consolidate his estate this may have had some impact on the size of the ‘Park’

1799 An Ordnance Survey map drawing shows Bromley  and Beckenham

1806 John Cator dies and his nephew John Barwell Cator inherits the Cator estates

1809 A map and estate book of the Burrell estates of Kelsey and Langley.

1820 Sir Peter Burrell, Lord Gwydir dies and the Beckenham estates of the Burrells of Langley, Kelsey and parts of Beckenham and Foxgrove Manors are sold.

1825 John Barwell Cator and trustees in the Cator family acquire a Private Act of Parliament which allows changes to the estates

1840 to 1927 A series of tenants occupy Beckenham Place

1927 – The London County Council decides to buy Beckenham Place Park from the Cator Estate.

1929 – Beckenham Place Park Opened as a Public Park

1972 – Ownership of Beckenham Place Park passed to London Borough of Lewisham from the GLC

A Fuller History of Beckenham

Perhaps there is an imbalance in history accounts as they focus on more high profile personalities because their records are more easily found. Here we focus first on the places and then the people who passed through. The deeper we delve into detail then the more complex it becomes so some generalisations will be inevitable. Previous writers have tended to write about the main estates: Manor of Beckenham, Manor of Foxgrove, Langley estate and Kelsey estate. Then some histories consist of personal reminiscencies. Not much is known of events the further back we go but some individuals had connections with national events. If these are relevant I will include them. We have delved into various archives via online catalogues but only scratched the surface in many respects. But this has added some substance to the account. Various errors and potential errors have been found in most accounts and If any are noticed in this please bring it to our attention.

Context

This account  may focus largely on the early history of Beckenham which is more of a mystery. The later and recent history has probably been adequately covered in various publications, not least those of Rob Copeland, Patricia Manning, Eric Inman  et al.
Maybe Beckenham has always been a bit of a backwater as it isn't on a major road to anywhere and this might have retarded its urbanization for longer than nearby places on major roads.
The A21 and A22 byepass it and radial routes  such as the South Circular and A232 pass north and south of it. A Roman road which is said to have passed through the area has not survived as a noticeable local road.
However some notable personages resided in and around Beckenham from Lords Mayor of London, Aldermen, Large Landowners and Knights or Peers of the Realm.

There were a few large landowners with tenant farmers and workers, also, some smallholdings and private houses, some of which were described as mansions or great houses. With a small population recorded as 1,000 in 1801 which rose to 26,000 in 1901 development was slow. The large landowners were either long term family inheritors or people who had purchased estates as a means of ‘banking’ their wealth. However, the estates did change hands fairly regularly and the landowners’ names are also associated with estates elsewhere so Beckenham was not by any means a sole family seat for many or even any. The long term landowners included the Leighs of Addington who inherited Foxgrove Manor, the St. Johns/Lords Bolingbrokes of Beckenham Manor who’s main base was in Battersea, the Brograves of Kelsey and the Styles of Langley. The Burrells arrived in the late 17th Century and the Raymonds in 1732. Wealth accumulated from business was often invested in land purchase which in turn generated rents and other income.  The Cators  made their presence felt from the mid 18th C and other names of note were  Lethieullier, Brett,  Motley, Austin,  Hoare, Eden.

Often the absence of an heir led to sale of estates as with the Styles of Langley who descended into the Elwills, or heirs favoured other places and sold their Beckenham property as with Bolingbroke in 1773 and the Burrells in 1820, and the Cators gradually from about 1808. More than one landlord needed to sell estates to pay off debts. The histories written by Thomas Philipott (1659) and Edward Hasted (1797) relate the chain of exchange of ownership but these also miss some fine detail. Other significant landowners were the Tolsons, Motleys, Austins, Pughs, Willis, Humphrey and Lethieulliers. Maps and land deeds discovered show the patchwork of fields and estates with ownership almost jumbled in some cases. Large estates were divided into farms with for example Langley being divided into 4 or 5 farms all but one being leased to tenants. In 1737 Thayers Farm and Elmers End Farm were owned by Thomas Motley who also owned a fine house and grounds in Beckenham village. Around this time the Lethieulliers owned Kent House Farm and the site of Clockhouse. A few generations later and the land was either left or sold to others.

We find common links with the South Sea Company or East India Company, sometimes both. These were sources of income and wielded significant power. Often the landowners were members of parliament not necessarily for Beckenham but for other areas ie the Burrells for Haslemere and Boston and Cator for Wallingford and Stockbridge. Being a member of parliament and a member of the South Sea or East India Company enabled them to influence decisions in favour of their interests. Some smaller land or property owners had businesses such as Dying and Tanning in London or Southwark, just as the Cators would start with a timber business.

Each century had its periods of turmoil both domestically and internationally which often impacted local affairs from the Wars of the Roses, The English Civil War, the Great Plague, the Restoration of the Monarchy, wars between Britain and France, such as the War of the Spanish Succession, The 7 Years War, The war of American Independence and the later Napoleonic Wars. The social conditions bordered on the barbaric both domestically and internationally. Felons could be transported to the Americas up to the time of the American Revolution and to Australia thereafter or hung for quite minor offences. The working class, poor and slaves were all treated harshly. Felons could be transported into slavery and apprentices were indentured for 7 or more years into a situation of ownership by their masters. The two World Wars affected the population with the loss of life among soldiers in the First World War, and both soldiers and civilians in the Second World War. In WW1 several buildings were used by the military and in WWII bomb damage was significant in the Borough and at least 2 POW camps were established which themselves narrowly missed being hit by bombs.

Religion has not left any visible  signs of turmoil although the parish church would have been Catholic prior to Henry VIII's split from Rome. Though some claims have been made that dissenters such as the Cators as Quakers suffered persecution, that persecution often was only in the form of fines for not attending the recognized Church of England or for not paying tythes or taxes and it seems that the nonconformists could in most cases afford the fines levied upon them.

The Law played its  part in various land processes as the Court of Chancery commonly has records of disputes and settlements regarding Beckenham properties. Some comparisons brought up by this account show that Bolingbroke entered into a subterfuge with Cator amounting to thousands of pounds with no penalty whereas someone stealing a couple of window frames was transported for 7 years and others sentenced to death for theft of low value goods. Earlier in 1720 several notable persons committed large frauds and embezzlements under the South Sea Bubble affair and in most cases quite minor financial penalties were applied.

Beckenham was one of many places easily in reach of London but away from the pollution and dirt of the City and hence a place to have a country house. Admiral Sir Piercy Brett moved into Clockhouse in the mid 18th Century and John Cator’s brother Joseph moved in after Brett’s death in 1882. The village had large houses such as The Mead, The Ridge, Beckenham Lodge, The Manor House and a substantial Rectory. The mid to late 19th century saw the building of large villas with coach houses and stables.

Frederick St. John had married Diana Spencer but his debts and broken marriage led him to dispose of estates in Battersea and Beckenham.

Investing money in a landed estate which brought in rents from tenant farmers and house rents was akin to ‘buy to let’ as it is carried on today. Even the middle class and aristocracy often rented property as opposed to buying it.

For some background I would recommend ‘London Life in the Eighteenth Century’ by M.Dorothy George, which is probably out of print, as being well researched and probably used since as source material by other authors.

Pre-history to the Medieval Period

Evidence in the landscape shows that geologically the area was under a shallow sea 54 million years ago in the Eocene period as in some areas the Blackheath Beds or Harwich Formation of shingle emerge through the London Clay. In one area of Beckenham Place Park there is an exposed conglomerate (concretion) of the Blackheath Beds which is shingle cemented together with lime and sand. In other areas the London Clay is on the surface covered with a thin layer of topsoil being leaf mould, loam or silt deposits. Some valleys have accumulations of silts forming meads and meadows. The geology would affect the later use of the land and economy. Clay soil has always been difficult to work for crops so often left for grazing or woodland. Valley silts and loams were probably favoured for arable farming. Locally there have been brick fields utilising clay and sand, gravel pits and lime kilns all using the natural resources laid down geologically. The nature of the ground would affect the economy as some land was poor for agriculture such as Penge Common. Clay areas and woodland were  a major source of fuel and building material. There are a few references to lime kilns which would need both chalk and woodland fuel for the improvement of soil. At least one lease agreement requires the lessee to manure and lime the land regularly. One landowner is recorded as providing timber for naval dockyards circa 1680. The Chalk is mostly several metres below the surface but the existence of lime kiln fields indicates that some chalk was available, maybe coming from the Chislehurst Caves or similar places where chalk is nearer the surface.

During the Mesolithic, Bronze and Iron ages there was probably occupation as although not much  by way of  definite remains but some have been found. There are hill forts and earthworks within walking distance at Keston, Halsted and Westerham, also some mention of flint tools found near West Wickham. An overview of this period can be drawn from Len Hevey's "Early History of Beckenham".

During the Roman occupation of Britain a road passed through the Beckenham area en route from Lewes in Sussex to Londinium. Though no hard evidence has been found in the park or close by it is projected by some experts that the road cut across the corner of Beckenham Place Park near the Foxgrove Road Lodge at the junction of Foxgrove Road and Southend Road. Different projections for the route of the road exist and as Beckenham has been redeveloped several times I would have thought more evidence would have surfaced, literally. Also, althought the road deviated to cross the north downs it is projected to have gone straight up Spring Park at West Wickham which would have been a challenge for loaded horse drawn carts of Roman goods. The suggested area is now outside the public park and under an area of private housing. Roman remains exist not far away at Keston, Titsey and Orpington. In the area where the roman road is projected to have crossed the park before the park was established there was a quarry or gravel pit and a lane called Limekiln Lane maybe indicating that there were lime rich deposits or chalk here. Whether these were part of the Blackheath Bed conglomerate or underlying Chalk near the surface we cannot say. I’m told the chalk would be about 100 feet/30metres below the surface. As much of Beckenham has been redeveloped more than once it is curious that no historic remains have been found. The Roman road structure was said to have been mainly gravel and as the area is largely of gravel composition then over time the road may have fallen into disrepair, the course became obscured and diversions created around areas which may have become impassable. Also we have to consider the local waterways, although not considerable, would have required crossing with bridges or fords and this may have caused the road to deviate from the accepted Roman practice of building straight roads wherever practical. One source suggests the road crossed what is now Langley Park Golf course and may have gone through Kelsey Park. Some local roads though not straight do approximately follow these lines. Various landlords had roads diverted around their estates and the various stages of settlement and farming could have erased or buried many features. The course of the road is plain to see through Edenbridge and several other places but does not seem to have survived in any form through Beckenham.

Unfortunately, very little survives locally of any Ango-Saxon, Medieval, Tudor etc. One of the oldest structures is the lych gate of the church and that’s a bit like Trigger’s broom, 3 new heads and 2 new handles! It is said that parts of the Old Manor house survive in the facade and interior of the building there opposite the church which is now a restaurant. Even the church was rebuilt in the Victorian period after fire damaged the previous medieval incarnation but some old memorials remain. The Alms houses next to the church and the George Inn are dated to the 17th century. The Anglo-Saxon administration survives in the old maps as the Park is in the Hundred of Bromley and Beckenham which is in the bailiwick or Lathe of Sutton at Hone. We do have recourse to documentary evidence about Beckenham and surrounding areas in various archives certainly from the Domesday entry and documents related to land transfers and taxation. These will be inserted into the timeline where available or discovered. Thanks to Keith Baldwin for diligent research here.

The works of Thomas Philipot and Edward Hasted revealed an ever changing web of ownership, intermarriage, selling and transfer of properties all over Kent. In some cases estates were handed out by the Crown only to be seized again when some misdemeanour took place e.g. The Boleyn’s having Hever confiscated by Henry VIII after Anne Boleyn’s alleged adultery. And later, The St. Johns had a chequered history, with one being excluded from Parliament on the Restoration of Charles II, Another being convicted of murder but a pardon purchased from the Crown, Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke may or may not have been a landlord of Beckenham Manor, but he was attained for treason for supporting the Jacobites, exiled in France for some time and subsequently had his properties and titles restored to him which some might say was lucky for him. He however died without issue. Frederick St. John who sold the Manor of Beckenham lands to John Cator had a failed marriage with Diana Spencer and seems to have dissipated the St.John estates  almost single handedly. The manors and estates around Beckenham had complex histories which is explained in the following timeline.

The Reverend William Rose had a Georgian rectory built to an Adam Brother's design but that gave way to a town hall and now a branch of Marks and Spencer and its car park which cover the site. He also had designed if not built a sumptuous stables as he appears to have been a keen horseman at a time when horses were the equivalent of fast cars.

Perhaps the George public house in the high street is the oldest most complete structure locally and that passed through the hands of the Cator Estate and is listed in the 1825 Act properties along with the Crooked Billet in Penge.

Those are some of the unknowns which await discovery of firm evidence.


The Estates
Early writers recorded Beckenham by referring to its major landowners and estates divided into Beckenham Manor, Foxgrove Manor, Kelsey and Langley. Kent House Farm was recorded by at least one writer. If one takes the names of the landlords and searches for instance Philipot or Hasted's accounts we find that most landlords held divers properties often in several counties. Also, Philipot and Hasted as well as contemporaries and later writers were almost producing directories of landlords, their estates, lineages and locations. Along with the maps of Rocque and Andrews, Drury, Herbert these formed a who's who of Kent. I'll quote Philipot's and Hasted's passages but then I'll divide them into their relevant timeslots on the timeline. Hopefully this will put things into context and demonstrate which events were contemporary with one another. Along the way we see several Court of Chancery cases dealing with property issues which arose through inheritance, sales and the contesting of wills. We have added whatever documents we can find acknowledging the work of divers people who have transcribed documents, produced indexes and directories over the years and the subsequent transferring of data onto the internet. Some documents confuse matters as they imply land was transferred permanently but is subsequently returned to or reclaimed by the original owner rendering the document as a lease rather than a freehold transfer. As all property was held by grant from the crown then in some cases reclamation by the crown deprived the landlord of ownership.
Apart from these major estates the other properties varied in size sometimes being swallowed up by the larger landlords. It bears repeating that the landholdings were interwoven by complex ownership of sometimes individual fields quite distant from the landlords base. Apart from a few insights we can't fully trace the occupancy of land as many landlords had tenants to manage farms. A map of Langley circa 1740-50 records some tenants and surrounding landowners and an estate book of 1809 of the Burrell etates shows leased occupancy. Material exists for the Cator estate circa 1860 through maps and records. Probably the full picture would hold so much munitiae as to be uninteresting but we will try to show a more comprehensive picture than hitherto published.
Dickens probably got his Jarndice versus Jarndice idea from some of these events in the same way that Jane Austen used her experiences of her extended family for her novels.

The Manor of Beckenham
This Manor has a complicated history because of its transfers of ownership and division into two moieties or parts under the two Bruyn daughters and a subsequent rejoining by purchases of the St.Johns circa1635-1650. Philipot even indicates that one moiety was divided further between Henry Parke and Ralph Warren but that is assumed by Lysons to be related to loans or morgages. A comparison of Philipot, Hasted and Lysons reveals several differences and some modern day sources also bring some of their details into question ie Isolde (Rokeley) is now thought to be of unknown family and Maude de Rokeley is the probable heiress who brought the Beckenham Manor into the Bruyn/Brun family.  The Manor lands were also spread and divided geographically from near Beckenham Parish Church St. George's up to Rockhills which is now Crystal Palace Parade with other isolated fields and messuages. As Kelsey is thought to emerge as land acquired from the Bruyns it is certainly possible that Kelsey was once part of Beckenham Manor as it lies between the two parts or moieties and other dismembered parts of Beckenham Manor. The Manor does not appear to be a primary residence of any of its landlords, probably being leased or let for much of its existence. The Bruyn's apparently favoured Essex, The St.Johns based in Battersea, maybe members of the extended families resided at Beckenham? Certainly most of the landlords had other residences.We are also dependant upon the translations from Latin of early documents. Research is revealing that the descent of the  manor via the Bruyns was complex and involved with several other manors in Essex, Hampshire and elsewhere. Although Beckenham Manor may not have featured very highly in state affairs it was connected with several events through its owners. Various disputes about ownership drew in several families. de Marny more or less seized ownership from the Bruyns after marrying the widow on one Maurice Bruyn and later William Brandon did the same after marrying Elizabeth, one of the daughters of Henry Bruyn. Some of these protagonists were close to the crown  and held hight positions. Sometimes falling foul of the crown and being attained for treason as with William Brandon under Richard III and Walter St.John under William and Mary.

Philipott says:
(dates inserted)

Bekenham near Bromley helps to give Name to the Hundred wherein it is placed, and of old time was held by Gentlemen, called in Latine Records de Rupella, in French de la Rochel, and in English Rokeley, and were in their original Etymologie extracted from Rochel in France, Richard de Rokeley died seised of this Mannor, in the fifth year of Edward the first,(1276) and was succeeded in the Possession by Philip de la Rokeley, and he held it likewise at his Death, which hapened in the 23 year of Edw. the first,(1295) and left it to his Sole Daughter and Heir Isolda de la Rokeley matched to William Bruin, by whom She had Issue Sir Maurice Bruin, Chamberlaine to K. Edw. the third, honoured with the Summons to Parliament as Baron amongst the Peers of this Realm, who by a Right derived to him from his Mother, was possest of this at his Death, in the twenty ninth of Edward the third,(1356) and transmitted a wide and spreading Revenue to his Posterity here, at Southokenden in Essex, and at Roumere in Hantshire, which last was given in Appendage to a younger Son, from whom the Bruins of Athelhampton in the County of Dorset, are lineally de∣scended. But when after a fair continuance this Family had flourished at this Place, the Distaffe prevailed against the Speare, and Sir Henry Bruins two Daughters and Coheirs about the Beginning of Edward the fourth (1461), divided his Inheritance, each of them having a first and second Husband: Alice the eldest was first married to Robert Harleston of Essex Esquire, and after to Sir Thomas Heveningham; and Elizabeth second Daughter was wedded first to Thomas Tirrell of Heron in Essex Esquire, and after his Decease to Sir William Brandon Knight, who was Standard-bearer to Henry the seventh at Bosworth Field,(1485) where he was slain in asserting his Cause and Quarrel against Richard the third, and he had Issue by her Sir Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk (1484), the Flower and perfection of English Chivalrie in his Time, who sometimes kept his Residence at this place, (not as Proprietarie, but onely as Lessee, for the Sole Inheritance upon the Division of Bruin's Estate accrued to Tirrell;) and here entertained Henry the eighth, with all the Cunning Pompe of Magnificence, as he went to bestow a Visit at Hever, on his discarded, and repudiated wife Ann of Cleve (1540-45). But to go on, this Mannor as I said before, being annexed to the patrimony of Thomas Tirrell, Humphrey Tirrell his Grandchild to whom it descended, passed away one Moietie of it in the thirty fifth year of Henry the eighth (1543) to Ralph Warren, and the other to Henry Parke; Warren alienated his Proportion not long after to Bradbury, from which Family about the latter End of Q. Eliz.(1603) it came over by Sale to Serjeant Gent, who gave it in Dower with his Daughter to Sir George Dalston of Cumberland,(married 11 Feb. 1605, Catherine (bur. 22 July 1614), da. of John Tamworth of Halsted, Leics.) (History of Parliament online) who in our Memory conveyed it to Sir Patrick Curwin of the same County, and he some few years since sold his Interest in it to Sir Oliver St. John of Batricksey in Surrey,(abt 1635) who upon his Decease (1639) gave it to his Son then Mr. Walter, but now upon the Death of his Nephew (1657), Sir Walter St. John Baronet, the other Moitie by Joan sole Heir of the abovesaid Henry Parke, came to be the Inheritance of Mr. Robert Leigh descended out of Cheshire, whose Successor about the latter End of King James (1625) alienated it to Sir Henry Snelgrave, from whom it descended to his Grandchild Mr. Henry Snelgrave, who not long since passed it away (1648 to the Evelyn brothers then in 1651) to Mr. Walter, now Sir Walter St. John Baronet, who lately hath exchanged the whole Mannor, for other Land with his Brother Mr. Henry St. John.



What can we add?
Hasted's account differs in several aspects maybe extending and correcting Philipot? It can be found at https://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-kent/vol1/pp527-550
The situation surrounding the division of the manor requires some explanation not least in which parts were the manor divided. One record describes the widow of Bruyn holding one third of the manor which may then have been divided between the two daughters. Philipot describes the two Bruyn daughters as having two husbands each while Hasted describes three each. Other writers put the husbands in different orders. Philipot describes Dalston marrying a daughter of Sergeant Gent whereas Hasted and History of Parliarment state he married a daughter or sister of Thomas Tyrrel/Tirrel. In 1639 Henry Snellgrave died in Beckenham and is buried in St. George's. His will mentions several properties
In 1648 and 1651 There are records in Surrey Archive for transfers of money and property between Henry Snellgrave (Grandson of Sir Henry) and Richard, George and  John Evelyn the famous diarist. The Evelyns subsequently sold this part in 1750
to two St. John brothers Walter and Henry. Sir Oliver St. John's part was left to his son, John who died young and it became the property of Walter St. John his uncle who also aquired the baronet title. It descended to Frederick St. John who exchanged the manor house and Court Downs for Woolseys Farm with Peter Burrell in 1757 and sold the rest to John Cator in 1773, but that is a simplification of events which will be explained in the timeline. The map of 1623 copied in 1768 is the best illustration we have of the complexity of the Beckenham Manor properties.
There is certainly more to discover or explain.
And Lysons writes "

The manor of Beckenham was held of King Edward the Consessor, by Anschil. When the survey of Doomsday was taken, Ansgot, of Rochester, held it under Odo, Bishop of Baieux. Richard de la Rokele died seised of it in 1276. His son Philip left a daughter and sole heir, Isolda, married to Sir William Bruyn; from whom this manor descended to Sir Henry Bruyn, who died in 1461, leaving two daughters, coheirs (fn. 5). Alice the eldest had, by her first husband John Berners, Esq. a son, who died without issue; upon which, a moiety of this manor was inherited by John Harlefton, son of her second husband. Clement Harleston sold it, in 1530, to Robert Legh, Esq. (fn. 7), whose descendant of the same name, in 1610, aliened it to Henry Snelgar, or Snelgrave, Esq. (fn. 8) (afterwards knighted). About the year 1650, it was sold, by his grandson Henry Snelgrave, Esq. to Walter St. John, Esq. (fn. 9), in whose family the manor became again united.—Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Henry Bruyn, married, to her first husband (fn. 10), Thomas Tyrrell, Esq. whose descendants inherited the other moiety of this manor; one of them, whose name also was Thomas, left a daughter and sole heir, married to Sir John Dalston, by whom she had two daughters. Catherine, one of these coheirs, married Sir Henry Curwen (fn. 11). About the year 1650, Sir Patrick Curwen, his son, sold a moiety of the manor of Beckenham to Oliver St. John, Esq. (fn. 12); from whom it came to Sir Walter St. John, Bart. already possessed of the other moiety. The manor, thus united, continued in the St. John family till the year 1773, when Frederick, the late Viscount Bolingbroke, sold it to John Cator, Esq. (fn. 13), the present proprietor, who resides in an elegant mansion, which he built soon after his purchase of the estate, and called Beckenham-place. It stands on an eminence, and commands a beautiful, though not a very extensive prospect."

But the jury remains 'out' on these early assessments as the 'de la Rokeles', Rokell or Rokeleys are thought to have descended via Maud de la Rokeley/Rokele married to Sir Maurice le Brun/le Brune/Bruyn. Isolde was married to Maurice's father William le Brun and no one knows her family name but she is described as of the 'House of Queen Eleanor' as a Maid of Honour (source: Sir John Maclean 1876). Another name attributed to Philip de la Rokele is Philip de Rupellis. As well as the manor of Beckenham, Matilda carried the manor of Okendon in Essex to the Brun family. The biography of Maurice le Brune would indicate very little direct contact with Beckenham except as landlord so leases and tenants would be of more interest. Manors with alternative names such as Wokyndon Rokell or South Wokyndon are mentioned and Hasted connects Rokele with several Kent manors.
Later we find that Maurice le Bruyn married to Alice le Lacer assigned his property to Robert de Marney, de Marney later married Alice when she was widowed and de Marney had a reputation for riding rough shod over anyone connected with him. See History of Parliament for his entry which describes his ruthless nature. But Beckenham Manor and other land return to Ingram Bruyn and his heirs circa 1400.
We take issue with several details of both Philipot and Hasted such as the omission of the manor passing through the hands of the Evelyns although briefly and detail about Cator's aquisition is wrong in several respects.

Lysons in Environs of London in a very brief summary states:
The manor of Beckenham was held of King Edward the Confessor, by Anschil. When the survey of Doomsday was taken (fn. 1), Ansgot, of Rochester, held it under Odo, Bishop of Baieux. Richard de la Rokele died seised of it in 1276 (fn. 2). His son Philip left a daughter and sole heir, Isolda (fn. 3), married to Sir William Bruyn; from whom this manor descended (fn. 4) to Sir Henry Bruyn, who died in 1461, leaving two daughters, coheirs (fn. 5). Alice the eldest had, by her first husband John Berners, Esq. a son, who died without issue; upon which, a moiety of this manor was inherited by John Harlefton, son of her second husband (fn. 6). Clement Harleston sold it, in 1530, to Robert Legh, Esq. (fn. 7), whose descendant of the same name, in 1610, aliened it to Henry Snelgar, or Snelgrave, Esq. (fn. 8) (afterwards knighted). About the year 1650, it was sold, by his grandson Henry Snelgrave, Esq. to Walter St. John, Esq. (fn. 9), in whose family the manor became again united.—Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Henry Bruyn, married, to her first husband (fn. 10), Thomas Tyrrell, Esq. whose descendants inherited the other moiety of this manor; one of them, whose name also was Thomas, left a daughter and sole heir, married to Sir John Dalston, by whom she had two daughters. Catherine, one of these coheirs, married Sir Henry Curwen (fn. 11). About the year 1650, Sir Patrick Curwen, his son, sold a moiety of the manor of Beckenham to Oliver St. John, Esq. (fn. 12); from whom it came to Sir Walter St. John, Bart. already possessed of the other moiety. The manor, thus united, continued in the St. John family till the year 1773, when Frederick, the late Viscount Bolingbroke, sold it to John Cator, Esq. (fn. 13), the present proprietor, who resides in an elegant mansion, which he built soon after his purchase of the estate, and called Beckenham-place. It stands on an eminence, and commands a beautiful, though not a very extensive prospect.

And from this we can find Robert Leigh the elder dying in 1567 and buried at St.George's Beckenham and trace his descendants through Nicholas Leigh to the next Robert Leigh.  Some dates by Lyson are estimates. some information incorrect from other sources and we have found more accurate and supplementary information in the timeline.

The Manor of Foxgrove

Here follows Philipott’s account  with original spellings (f for s etc.). He starts with a reference to John de Foxgrove about 1347. The Lay Subsidy Roll of land taxation for 1334 shows a John Foxsegrove under the Lathe of Eyllesford (Aylesford) but not the Hundred of Beckenham. Whether even at that time Foxgrove was under absentee landlords has not as yet been established. I have inserted dates in the following based on Philipott’s timeline references to monarchs.  Like  all the manors and estates of Beckenham Foxgrove was widely spread and divided, centred upon Foxgrove  Manor farmhouse but reaching  beyond Kelsey and Langley to West Wickham,  almost to Southend, Lewisham with parts  at Plaistow, Bromley.

Foxgrove is the last place of Account in this Parish, it had in elder times Proprietaries of this Sirname; for I find John de Foxgrove paid respective Aid for it in the twentieth year of Edward the third (1347), at making the Black Prince Knight. After this Family succeeded Bartholomew Lord Burwash, and he held it at his Decease, which was in the twenty ninth year of Edward the third (1356). and from him it descended to his Son Bartholomew Lord Burwash, who in the forty third year of the abovesaid Prince (1370), passed it away to Sir Walter de Paveley, and in his Family it remained untill the latter End of Richard the second, (1399) and then it was conveyed to Vaux of the County of North-Hampton, and there made its abode untill the latter End of Henry the sixth (1461), and then it was alienated to John Grene Esquire, and he died possest of it in fourth year of Edward the fourth (1465); and in this Family did the Title reside, untill the Beginning of Henry the eighth (1509), and then it was demised to Beversea, and Humphrey Beversea, I find held it in the eighteenth year of Henry the eighth (1527), and his Descendant passed it away to Luke Hollingworth, and he about the Beginning of K. Edward the sixth (1547), sold his Interest in it to Alderman Sir Jo. Oliff of London, and he dying (1577) without Issue Male, Joan(his daughter) matched (1563)to John Leigh of Addington Esquire, was his sole Heir (1577), and in Right of this Alliance, did it come down to Sir Francis Leigh (d.1644) late of East-Wickham; whose Widow Dowager the Lady Christian Leigh, is now in Possession of it.(1659 she died in 1660)…….end of quote.


Subsequent to this, as Hasted recounts, Francis Leigh 1651-1711 directed that Foxgrove and other land at Plaistow be sold by his Will. Hence, John Tolson bought the land, and it descended by complicated means to his nephew, Lancelot Tolson Tilly. But we find Hasted's account to be either inaccurate or too brief. The will of Francis Leigh and subsequent events arrive at a different conclusion.

What further detail can we add? The Burghersh/Burwash family held wide ranging properties. Similar to Beckenham Manor the owners may not have been locally resident. Where documents are discovered they are recorded in the timeline. John Grene appears as a local lawyer/sherrif/escheator. We can trace the family tree of Sir John Oliff through his daughter Joan and down through the Leigh family. Francis Leigh's will of 1711 did not specifically say to sell the estate but the executors he named did not deal with the probate and his wife Frances Leigh was awarded probate. Francis directed that his bequests and debts be settled and any remaining property be passed to his son also named Frances. A Court of Chancery case of 1716 directed that Foxgrove be sold to pay his creditors and this raises a question as to whether Foxgrove passed to John Tolson in 1712/13 or later to his brother Lancelot Tolson of Plaistow(Bromley). John Tolson died in 1713 perhaps before Foxgrove was sold. Lancelot Tolson left Foxgrove to his nephew, Lancelot Tolson Tilly who dying young, left it to his parents who in turn left it in parts to Lancelot Tolson Tilly’s widow Elizabeth who in her turn left her part to Joseph Grove her uncle. Another part was left to Deborah Brydges (married to Reverend Edward Timewell) and eitheer a third part to John and Edward Brydges or they would inherit if Deborah Brydges died without issue. The timeline will explain more fully. For those interested in genealogy it’s a complex story and this branch of the Leigh family is connected but different to the branch at Addington. The wills and bequests of the Tillys certainly confuse me and I am discussing the processes with another researcher. It remains the case that some land acquisitions of John Cator cannot be dated other than by his assets listed in the 1825 Private Act of Parliament.


Langley Place or Park and Farm

Langley lies astride the parish boundary between Beckenham and West Wickham. West Wickham in early times was just called Wickham but to differentiate more definitely from East Wickham near Bexley the 'West' seems to have been added. Perhaps because one local family, the Leighs, were of East Wickham as well.

Philipot said of Langley:  Langley in this Parish is a second Seat of eminent Account, which was in elder Times the Possession of John de Malmains, who obtained a Charter of Free-Warren to his Lands in Bekenham, in the twelfth year of Edward the second,(1319) which was renewed to Henry de Cliffe, to whom they accrued by Purchase from Malmains, in the third year of Edward the third;(1330) but stayed not long in the Tenure of this Fa∣mily, for before the going out of Edward the third,(1377) I find the Propriety invested by Sale in Langley, to which Family the Foundation of that House owes in part its Original, on which they ingraffed their own Name, which hath flourished under that Title ever since, though the Family be withered away and gone, the last of which Name at this place was Ralph Langley, who with Roger Twisden, Stephen Monins, Edward Monins, John Edingham or Engham, Richard Edingham, John Berton of Cotman∣ton in Shouldon, John Berham, John Betenham of Shurland in Pluckley, and others, Gentlemen of prime Rank in this County, were summoned to appear before Robert Poynings and John Perry, in the twelfth year of Henry the sixth,(1434) to disclaim the Title of the House of York, and this Ralph died in the year 1451, and ordered Langley and other demeasns at Bekenham to be sold for the discharging his Debts, the purport and Effects of which Will were accordingly performed, and his Estate at Bekenham and Langley, passed away by Sale to John Violett, whose Successors enjoyed it until the Be∣ginning of Hen. the eighth,(1509) and then it was conveyed to John Stiles Esq; who much inlarged the House with a supply of Buildings, and from him is it by Descent devolved to be the instant Possession of his Successor Sir Humphrey Stiles Knight and Baronet.(d1552)

Hasted said a bit more about Langley  but it can be confused with Langley near Maidstone but we find that the Domesday entry which Hasted quotes with the  mention of a fishery relates to Seal near Sevenoaks and the fishery must be on the river Darenth or consisting of fish ponds.

Hasted's entry: LANGLEY-PARK is a seat of eminent account in this parish, which was formerly accounted a manor, and in the reign of the Conqueror was part of the vast estate of Odo, bishop of Baieux, and earl of Kent; and is thus, if I mistake not, described in the general survey of Domesday, taken in that reign: (regretably Hasted did mistake it)

Goisfridus de Ros holds of the bishop (of BaieuxLasela. It was taxed at 7 shillings. The arable land is . . . . . . . In demesne there are 3 carucates, and 31 villeins, with 14 borderers having 16 carucates. There are 10 servants, and one fishery producing fourscore and 10 eels; wood for the pannage of 55 hogs. The whole manor was worth, in the time of king Edward the Confessor, 30 pounds, when he received it 16 pounds, and now 24 pounds, what Goisfridus held; what Richard of Tonbridge held in his lowy was rated at 6 pounds; what the king held of this manor, 22 shillings. Brixi Cilt held it of king Edward.

This place afterwards came into the possession of the family of Malmaines, who were settled at Waldershare in this county, in the time of the Conqueror. John de Malmaines obtained a charter of free warren for his lands in Begenham, in the 12th year of king Edward II. which was renewed to Henry Malmaines, of Cliffe, in the 3d year of king Edward III.

It appears by the Book of Aid, in the 20th year of king Edward III. that Nicholas Malmains held half a knight's fee of the king in Begenham. He died, in the 23d year of that reign, possessed of much land in this county; before the end of which, the property of this manor was transferred by sale to Langley, a name most probably taken from this place, though the family itself has been long since extinct. These Langleys of Beckingham were, most probably, adistinct family from those of Knowlton in this county, who were originally descended from a family of that name in the county of Warwick.

The last of this name here was Ralph Langley, who died in the 30th year of king Henry VI. and by his will directed Langley, with the rest of his demesnes in Beckenham, to be sold for discharging his debts; in pursuance of which it was passed away by sale to John Violett, who bore for his arms, Gules, three coronets, or, whose descendants enjoyed it until the beginning of the reign of king Henry VIII. when it was conveyed to John Stile, alderman of London.

He was the son of William Style of Ipswich, was afterwards knighted, and of the Drapers company, and dying in 1500, was buried in Allhallows Barking church, London. He married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Guy Wolston of London, by whom he had Sir Humphrey Style, of Langley, who was one of the esquires of the body to king Henry VIII. and sheriff of this county in the 35th year of the same reign. He died in 1557, and was buried in Beckenham church. He procured a grant from Sir Thomas Wriothesley, garter principal king at arms, reciting, that not being willing to bear arms in prejudice to the other branches of his family, he had petitioned for a coat, with a proper difference, which the said king at arms, in 1529, granted, under his hand and seal, viz. Sable, a fess engrailed between three fleurs de lis, within a bordure or, the fess fretted of the field.

He procured, with others, an act of parliament in the 2d and 3d years of king Edward VI. for the disgavelling of his lands in this county.

By his first wife, Bridget, daughter of Sir Thomas Baldrey, he had three sons; Edmund, born at Langley, in 1538; Oliver, who was sheriff of London, and ancestor of the Styles, of Watringbury, barts. and Nicholas, who was knighted.

From Edmund Style of Langley, esq. before-mentioned, eldest son of Sir Humphrey, descended Sir Humphry Style of Langley, eldest son of William, who was gentleman of the privy-chamber to king James, and cupbearer to king Charles I. and was created a baronet, by privy-seal, on the 20th of May, 1627. (fn. 26) But though this branch was the elder to those of Watringbury, yet these last were the senior baronets, being created April 21, 1627, anno 3 Charles I. He died in 1650, and was buried in the vault at Beckenham church, and leaving no issue, his title became extinct, and he was succeeded in this estate at Langley by his half-brother, William, the eldest son of William Style by his second wife, Mary, daughter of Sir Robert Clarke, one of the barons of the exchequer.

This William Style of Langley, esq. was bred a barrister at law, and was of the society of the Inner Temple. He married Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir of William Duleing, by whom he had two sons, and two daughters, and dying in 1679, was buried in this church.

Of the sons, the second, but only surviving son Humphry, succeeded his father at Langley, in whose time there were several coats of arms, as well of this family as of those they had intermarried with, painted in the windows of this house, but dying without issue male, his only daughter and heir, Elizabeth, carried it in marriage to Sir John Elwill, bart. who died in 1727, without issue by her. This family of Elwill was of Exeter in Devonshire, who bore for their arms, Ermine on a chevron engrailed, between three eagles displayed gules, three annulets or, and were advanced to the dignity of a baronet, in the person of Sir John Elwill, in the 8th year of queen Anne's reign. He was twice married, but left issue only, by his second wife, the daughter and heir of — Leigh of Egham, in Surry, by whom he had two sons, Sir John above-mentioned, and Edmund, who succeeded his brother in title and in this estate of Langley, and in 1732 transferred his property in it, together with the house, called Langley-house, the park, and also the north and south isles of the parish church of Beckenham, to Hugh Raymond of Great Saling, in Essex, esq. who settled them on his only son, Jones Raymond, esq. in tail general; remainder to his eldest daughter, Amy, who married Peter Burrell, esq. and her issue male. On his death his son, Jones Raymond, esq succeeded to this estate, and kept his shrievalty for this county at Langley in 1738, in which year he died, and was succeeded by his son, of the same name, who died unmarried in 1768, on which it descended, by the intail before-mentioned, to his sister, Amy, before mentioned, whose husband, Peter Burrell, esq. in her right, became possessed of it. He died in 1756, having had by her, who survived him, four sons and two daughters. Mrs. Burrell, his widow, afterwards resided here, and died in 1794, on which this seat descended, together with her other estates in this parish, to her grandson, sir Peter Burrell, bart. since created lord Gwydir, of whom a full account has already been given, and he is the present possessor of this seat, with the park and grounds belonging to it.

Kelsey or Kelseys

Some question exists about the origins of Kelsey as the connection with the de Kelseys is challenged. Later writers have said that the Brograves leased some land from the Bruyns which became Kelsey.

Philipot wrote of Kelsey: Kelseys lies likewise in this Parish, and may justly exact our Notice; by Deeds written in a Character that hath an Aspect upon the Reign of Henry the third, John de Kelsey, William de Kelsey, and others of that Sirname are represented to have an Interest in this Seat, and from hence it is probable the Kelseys of Surrey did derive their first Extraction, however by the Injuries of Time they have been in succeeding Generations cast under the umbrage of an obscurer Fortune: But I return, After this Family had deserted the Possession of this place, which was before the latter End of Richard the the second, I find the Brograves stepped in, and by purchase became Lords of the Fee, a Family which in very old Deeds writ themselves Burgrave, and sometimes Boroughgrave, though now a more easie Pronunciation hath melted it into Brograve, which represents the Etymologie of the Name, to have been in its Origi∣nal perfectly Saxon. In the year 1479, there was a License granted (as appears by the Records of Rochester) to William Brograve by the then Bishop of that Diocess, to erect an Oratory or Chapple at his Mannor-house of Kelseys, the Vestigia or Reliques of which are yet obvious to an inquisitive Eye, and from this William did the Title and possession in an even Current come down to Mr. Thomas Brograve, who being not many years since deceased, his Widow Mrs. Martha Brograve now in respect of Join∣ture, enjoys the present Possession of it.

But having about 130 years more information Hasted says;

KELSEYS is a seat of note in this parish, which as early as the reign of king Henry III. had owners of that name, as appears by deeds written in a character seemingly of that time, wherein John de Kelsey, William de Kelsey, and others of that surname, are described as having an interest in this seat. After this family had deserted the possession of this place, which was in the reign of king Richard II. the Brograves (sometimes written Boroughgrave) were by purchase become owners, and resided at it.

An ancestor of this family was Sir Roger Brograve, who lived in the reign of Edward I. and was of Warwickshire, who bore for his arms, Argent three lions passant guardant gules; from whom descended William Borgrave of Beckenham, to whom, in 1479, licence was granted by the bishop of Rochester (as appears by the records of that church) to erect an oratory, or chapel, at his manor house of Kelseys, the ruins of which are not now even to be traced out. (fn. 20)

At length, a descendant of this name and family, John Brograve, some small time before the year 1688, conveyed this estate by sale to Peter Burrell, esq. who was the ninth son of Walter Burrell, esq. of Holmstead-house, in Cuckfield, in Sussex, whose ancestors are said to have been originally seated in Northumberland as early as the reign of king Edward I. but Randulphus Burrell, son and heir of Randulphus, having married Sermonda, daughter and coheir of Sir Walter Woodland of Devonshire, anno 19 king Edward II. became in her right possessed of a great estate in that county. His direct descendant, John Burrell, was a man of eminence in the reign of king Henry V. and left several sons, of whom Walter, the eldest, succeeded him in his estates; and Gerardus, the youngest, settled at Cuckfield, in Sussex, anno 1446, being vicar of that church, and archdeacon and residentiary of Chichester. He died in 1508, leaving his estate to his nephew, Ralph, who settled at Cuckfield. Thomas, his son, by Dorothy Weston, his wife, had Ninian Burrell, esq. of Cuckfield, who married Jane, daughter of Henry Smith of Surry, afterwards remarried to Peter Courthope, esq. of Danny, in Sussex, and died in 1614, leaving several sons and daughters.

Of the sons, Walter, the eldest, married Frances, daughter of John Hooper of Stockbury, esq. in this county, by whom he had nine sons and three daughters. (fn. 21) Of the former, Peter Burrell, esq. the ninth son, purchased the manor of Kelseys, some few years before the Revolution, as mentioned above. He afterwards settled here, and married Isabella, the second daughter of John Merrick, esq. of Essex, by whom he had six sons and four daughters. He died in 1718, and was buried in this church, leaving only two of his sons, Peter and Merrick, and three daughters, surviving; of whom, Frances married Richard Wyatt, esq. of Egham, in Surry; Isabella married Thomas Dalyson, esq. of Hampton, in this county; and Anne married Richard, brother to Sir Hugh Ackland, bart. of Devonshire.

Merrick Burrell, the youngest son, was of West Grinsted-park, in Sussex, and was created a baronet in the 6th year of George III. to him and his heirs male, and in default of such, to his nephew, Peter Burrell, esq. of Beckenham, since deceased, and his heirs male. On Sir Merrick Burrell's death, s. p. the title of baronet descended to his great nephew, Sir Peter Burrell, the present baronet, since created Lord Gwydir, as will be farther mentioned below.

Peter Burrell, esq. the eldest son, succeeded his father in this estate, and resided at Beckenham. He served the office of high-sheriff of this county in 1722, and died in 1756. He married Amy, eldest daughter of Jones Raymond of Langley, esq. (should read Hugh Raymond of Langley) in this parish, by whom he had four sons and two daughters. Of the former, Peter Burrell, esq, the eldest son, succeeded him in this estate, and was of Beckenham; Raymond, the second son, died young; and William; the third, was bred to the civil law, commenced Doctor of Laws, and was chancellor to the bishops of Worcester and Rochester. He married Sophia, daughter of Charles Raymond of Valentine-house, in Essex, who was created a baronet in 1774, with remainder, in default of issue male, to William Burrell above mentioned, and his heirs male by Sophia his wife, which title, on his death, descended to Sir William Burrell, bart. above mentioned, who died in 1796, leaving his widow surviving, and by her two sons and one daughter. Of the two daughters, Amelia married Tobias Frere, esq. and Isabella died young. Peter Burrell, esq. married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of John Lewis, esq. of Hackney, by whom he had one son, Peter, and four daughters, of whom Elizabeth-Emelia married Richard Henry Alexander Bennett, esq. of Cambridgeshire; Susanna married lord Algernon Percy, second son of the late duke of Northumberland, now lord Lovaine; Frances Juliana married Hugh earl Percy, now duke of Northumberland; and Elizabeth, the fourth daughter, married Douglas duke of Hamilton. He died possessed of Kelseys, in 1775, being succeeded in it by his only son and heir, Peter Burrell, esq. of Beckenham, who was afterwards knighted; and at length, on the death of Sir Merrick Burrell, bart. succeeded to that title by the limitation of the patent. He married in 1779, the lady Elizabeth Priscilla Bertie, eldest sister of Robert late duke of Ancaster. on whose death, s. p. she succeeded to the title of Baroness Willoughby of Eresby, and in her own right and person to the office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England, the office being executed by her husband Sir Peter Burrell, knt. and bart. who was, in May 1796, created Lord Gwydir of Gwydir, in Carnarvonshire. By her he has a son, Peter Robert, born in 1782, and other children, and is the present possessor of this estate. He bears for his arms, Vert three plain shields argent, each having a bordure ingrailed or.

The error regarding Amy Raymond's father, being daughter of Hugh Raymond and not Jones Raymond who was her brother is perhaps connected with Hasted's error regarding Langley and Foxgrove whereby he believes there were two Jones Raymonds when in fact there was only one. Although Hasted's background information is interesting it does not cover the complex land acquisitions and exchanges whereby Kelsey, Langley and parts of Foxgrove and Beckenham Manor came into Burell ownership from Hugh Raymond of Langley and the Tolsons of Foxgrove including the involvement of John Cator who was moving into the area from circa 1757. The timeline attempts to clarify these transactions.


Kent House

Philipot does not mention Kent House but Hasted writes:

"KENT-HOUSE is situated on the very edge of this county, towards Surry, and seems to be so called either from its having been once the outer bounds of this county, or from having been formerly the first house on the entrance into this parish within this county, from that of Surry. It was for some generations in the possession of the family of Lethieullier; the first of whom was Sir John Le Thieullier a Hamburgh merchant, who had raised himself by his industry in trade, and settled in this parish. He devised it at his death to his son, William Lethieullier, of this parish, esq. who by his will gave it, with his mansion and other estates in Beckenham, to his second son, Manning Lethieullier, esq. whose son, John Greene Lethieullier, esq. alienated it, in 1776, to Thomas Lucas, of Lee, in this county, esq. who died possessed of it in 1784, leaving his widow surviving, who re-marrying John Julius Angerstein, of Charlton, esq. he is, in her right, at this time possessed of it."

A few early records can be found relating to Kenthous (sic) at the National Archive etc. and these may lead to more research. A record from 1503 indicates a family called Fabyan held Kenthouse with land in Beckenham, Lewisham and Battersey. Certainly the Style family are associated with Kent House in 1501 and 1624 seemingly acquiring it from an unpaid debt. Before that, in 1346 Henry de Clyf and  in 1384 John Leeg is mentioned as the manor of Kent House. The Lethieulliers acquired Kenthouse and are said to have built Clock House circa 1716/30. Some writers have said Kent House was the first house outside the boundaries of London but its proximity to the Kent/Surrey border is the more likely reason for its name and it has been compared to Kent Hatch and New Cross which were other places on the county border. In earlier times London did not extend south of the Thames until the metropolis grew into Greater London by encompassing villages which became its suburbs. Kent House will be found referred to in the timeline.

Other Properties:

Thayer's Farm

Alternatively spelt Thayre's on a 1736 map of Thomas Motley's properties, the name implies someone called Thayer once owned the farm but he has eluded being traced so far. Thomas Motley is the earliest owner we have traced and his map shows the tenant farmers of his land. Thomas Motley's property descended via his daughter married to Francis Austin and their son Francis Motley Austin. It was purchased into the Cator estates.

Elmers End Farms

Similar to Thayers Farm, Thomas Motley's map illustrates these and how they were related to neighbouring landlords, the St.Johns, Burrells, St.John Humphrey. The name Elmer was in earlier times often spelt Aylmer, a family that appear in early tax rolls in 1328 and 1345 as well as some archive documents.

Eden Farm or Place was built on part of the Burrells Kelsey/Langley lands and leased to the Eden family. Although said to be part of Langley it would appear that the land was part of Kelsey which was owned by the Burrells along with Langley when the land was leased to the Eden family.

Monks Orchard formed part of the Addington estates of the Leigh family until that was sold to Barlow Trecothick. His heir, a nephew sold Monks Orchard to the Burrells

Clockhouse built for the Lethieulliers had a few fields around it and came into the hands of Joseph Cator in 1782 after Sir Piercy Brett, a former owner, had died. Then it was absorbed into the Cator estates on Joseph Cator's death in 1818 being leased until its demolition. There is some possibility a pre-existing building was on the site indicated by the 1623 Beckenham Manor map, possibly an earlier farmstead but this is one of the many unknown details outstanding.


The Village
The early village would have been dominated by the Parish Church  and Manor House opposite. We might imagine a house with its estate establishing a family chapel and the evolution of a settlement. An estate with farms obviously requires labour so some accommodation for people and livestock would be involved. Some documentary evidence could even imply that the Rector of the Church did occupy the manor house for some time but needs conclusive evidence. The mix of estates and the number of farms would require a good number of people and the early population of Beckenham has been stated as about 1000. Church records would be the most comprehensive record via births, deaths and marriages. Various property documents reveal names of small property owners, leaseholders and tenants. As well as the estate landlords some names cropping up are Willis, Pugh, Grote, Batt etc. The available maps from 1623 onwards illustrate some buildings but maybe only more dominant houses were shown.  The maps had more to do with recording property ownership than accurate representation of landmark details. Some land ownership documents refer to 'Closes' which could be groups of workers cottages or hovels. It seems the term 'hovel' was a bonafide description of a lowly residence. Although the village was small there was a correspondingly small 'workhouse' at Clay Hill and the almshouses next to the church for the impoverished. The Parish system provided some poor relief but if anyone falling on hard times was from a different parish then measures were in place to remove them to their home parish which had responsibility for them. The village had several large houses called Grete(Great) Houses or mansions as well as the old manor house. The Mead was owned by Thomas Motley near Thornton's Corner. Another large house was on the site of the Greyhound Public House or now closed public conveniences. Village Place was also on the High Street nearly opposite the Village Way junction. Beckenham Lodge once owned by the Banyer family was near the War memorial/Barclays Bank site with its own grounds. The estate maps of the Burrells dated 1809 and the Cators dated 1868 show a lot of detail of the village and surroundings before large scale development took place. The writings of Borrowman, Copeland, Inman, Tonkin and Manning are the best sources of information about the 19th century  village. As one works backwards the  details becomes harder to define.

Penge
More associated with Battersea in ancient times the area became more connected with Beckenham over a period of time. Some connections came about through the St.John family who had acquired Battersea (Batricksey) Manor before they purchased Beckenham Manor and part of Beckenham Manor is near Rockhills
A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1912.


The 'hamlet' of Penge was part of the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Battersea. The curious anomalies of its local government led to its formation as a separate urban district and its transfer to the county of Kent in 1900. (fn. 49) Penge was a wooded district, over which the tenants of Battersea Manor had common of pasture. (fn. 50) The boundaries of the hamlet on the north in February 1604–5 were the common of Rockhills (evidently Rockhills in Upper Sydenham, immediately north of the Crystal Palace) and the 'Shire Ditch' leading past the house called 'Abbetts' to the north corner of 'Lord Riden's Wood.' The Shire Ditch also bounded the hamlet on the east and was crossed by 'Willmoores Bridge,' half in Kent and half in Surrey. On the south it was bounded by the waste or common of Croydon, the green way from Croydon to Lewisham. On the west was a wood 'of Mr. Colton's' in Camberwell parish, which stretched from Vicker's Oak to the Low Cross near Rockhills. (fn. 51) There seem to have been several tenants of the manor at Penge in 1596, (fn. 52) but in 1725 the vicar of Battersea returned to Bishop Willis that there were only thirteen houses and sixty inhabitants in Penge, who went to Beckenham Church, and for whose care he paid a trifling consideration to the incumbent of Beckenham. (fn. 53) The whole common was inclosed under an Act of 1827. (fn. 54) There were then 320 acres already inclosed and several houses standing there. In 1853 Mr. Schuster sold his park on the summit of Penge Hill to the Crystal Palace Company for the re-erection of the gigantic building made by Sir Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park in 1851. (fn. 55) The Palace was opened by Queen Victoria in 1854. (fn. 56) In 1877, owing to financial difficulties and to the 'Greenwich fair characteristics,' which had replaced the former educational objects of the Palace, the company was reconstituted. (fn. 57) The Palace, as originally planned, was the exhibition building of glass and iron which had served for the Exhibition of 1851 in Hyde Park, re-erected on this site, with the addition of high water towers to supply the fountains in the grounds. Inside courts were erected to illustrate the arts and architecture of different periods, from the Egyptian monarchy to the Italian Renaissance, and there was a great collection of plaster casts of famous statues. (fn. 58) A School of Art and Music was established, and later a School of Forestry and Engineering, which has continued to flourish. The Palace became the chief seat of the highest class of music near London, and the Handel Festivals, under the direction of Sir Michael Costa and Sir August Manns, obtained the greatest reputation, as did the Saturday Concerts so closely associated with the names of Sir August Manns and Sir George Grove. But the public taste did not rise to this level, and the theatre and music-hall exhibitions gradually eclipsed the educational features. The grounds, of great extent, including a cricket field, football ground and a lake, continue to furnish unrivalled scope for exhibitions, excursions, games and firework or aeronautical displays. The land surrounding the Palace was sold shortly before 1875 for building purposes, and the whole site is now for sale.

Between 1821 and 1841 the population of Penge increased very slightly. In 1841 it was 270. In 1851, owing to the establishment of the Surrey School of Industry, the Queen Dowager's Almshouses and the Watermen's Almshouses, it had increased to 1,169. In 1901 it was 22,465. One great cause of this increase was the advent of the London, Brighton and South Coast, and London, Chatham and Dover railways, which constituted Penge a suburb of both London and Croydon. The former has stations at the Crystal Palace, Anerley and Penge; Penge station, on the latter, is within the boundary of Beckenham. A town hall was built in the Anerley Road in 1879. Anerley, Penge and Upper Norwood are the three wards of the Penge Urban District. The ecclesiastical districts of St. John the Evangelist, St. Paul, Holy Trinity and Christ Church were formed in 1851, 1869, 1873 and 1886 respectively.




Timeline

1042-1066 King EDWARD THE CONFESSOR (The reigns of monarchs will be inserted to add perspective along with some events)
Following the death of Harthacanute, Edward restored the rule of the House of Wessex to the English throne. A deeply pious and religious man, he presided over the rebuilding of Westminster Abbey, leaving much of the running of the country to Earl Godwin and his son Harold. Edward died childless, eight days after the building work on Westminster Abbey had finished. With no natural successor, England was faced with a power struggle for control of the throne.

We do not have any evidence of Beckenham from this time apart from the Domesday Book entry but as Domesday refers back to the time of Edward the Confessor his period of reign may be relevant.

1066 - HAROLD II, you should have learnt this at school...The Battle of Stamford Bridge, Battle of Hastings and all that. According to Domesday, Anschil or Eskil was the Lord in 1066 and before, paying tax to King Edward. Spellings differed according to old english or french versions.

1066 - 1086 King William I (the Conqueror)

1066-1086 was a period of turmoil which has been well researched by others but culminated in the Great Survey or Domesday in which William wanted to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor thereby allowing William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Conquest.

The Domesday survey was carried out by commissioners holding sworn inquests in local courts, where they asked fixed questions of local men. For each property, each question was asked three times, to cover changes over time. The commissioners asked how land had been held:

The questions included: (replies inserted from data)

In the beginning of the Domesday survey, Anschillus de Bacheham (Anschil/Eskil of Beckenham) is said to have had the liberties of sac and soc (jurisdiction) within his lands, in the Lathe of Sutton at the time of Edward the Confessor but by 1086 Ansgot of Rochester is subtenant under Odo Biship of Bayieux. Ansgot holds various other manors in Kent and an Ansgot is described as Chamberlain to William Rufus who succeeded William the Conqueror.

Is it beyond any possibility that Anskil  could have been restyled as Ansgot.  Some debate has surmised that Ango-Saxon names were translated into Norman/French versions.

Beckenham is  recorded as having 34 households, 22 villagers, 8 smallholders and 4 slaves.  Domesday excluded land held by the crown or church.

In 1066 Anschil (Eskil) was landholder to the lord King Edward but Odo is still recorded as tenant in chief in 1086 with Ansgot of Rochester subtenant despite Odo's apparent fall from grace. It is interesting to note Danish names appearing (Bigga & Eskil) in an area not noted for Viking invasion but this implies a mixed population.

Bishop Odo was a maternal half-brother of William the Conqueror who was a trusted royal minister, even acting regent in William’s absences, but in 1067 he was found to be defrauding both the crown and diocese of Canterbury and a number of properties were sequestered. In 1082 he was imprisoned for planning a military expedition to Italy and all of his lands were taken back by the King. He remained in prison for 5 years only released by King William on his deathbed but never regained any power. He is reputed to have later taken part in a rebellion to replace William Rufus (William II) but was allowed to leave Kent for Normandy and his land in England was forfeit to the crown. Hevey  states that Beckenham remained in the  king's hands until the reign of  King John.

1086 - Domesday Book entry for Beckenham, Hasted had transcribed: In Brunlei hundred Ansgotus de Rochester holds of the bishop (of Baieux/Odo) Bacheham. It was taxed at 2 sulings. The arable land is eight carucates. In demesne there are 2 carucates, and 22 villeins, with 8 borderers, having 8 carucates and a half. There are 12 acres of meadow, and 4 servants, and 1 mill, and wood for the pannage of 60 hogs. In the time of king Edward the Confessor, and afterwards, it was worth 9 pounds, now 3 pounds. Anschil held it of king Edward.

8 Carucates or Ploughlands are estimated to be 120 acres each, ie 960 acres. A plough team is said to be 8 oxen.

The much later Foxgrove map of 1766 copied from 1720 records that "20 great beasts of Foxgrove" were grazed on land alongside the Ravensbourne. The Manor of Beckenham map of 1623 shows land of 936 acres but excludes Foxgrove, Langley and Kelsey etc but does include woodlands on the manor. So Domesday's coverage requires clarification. An ideal position for a mill would have been on the Beck in Kelseys where the river descends through the two lakes though other positions on the Beck may have been utilized for mill ponds. A windmill once stood on Bromley Hill but nothing definite can be identified for Domesdays description.

A more modern translation of Domesday describes Land of Bishop Odo of Bayeux


1086 - Langley: if we take it that Langley was not identified in the Domesday survey, being confused with Langley near Maidstone or Hasted's 'Lasela' which turns out to be Seal near Sevenoaks, then Langley may have been part of West Wickham with this entry. The Beckenham, West Wickham and Hayes parish boundaries meet within Langley. Later maps indicate that the parish boundaries may have moved having Langley Place in Wickham up until the 1750's.


Land of Bishop Odo of Bayeux

Households: 24 villagers. 13 slaves. Land and resources Ploughland: 2 lord's plough teams. 4 men's plough teams. Other resources: Woodland 10 swine render. 1 mill, value 1 shilling and 7 pence. 1 church.Valuation Annual value to lord: 13 pounds in 1086; 6 pounds when acquired by the 1086 owner; 8 pounds in 1066.

Owners 

Whatever the outcome of Domesday, then locally only Beckenham, Bromley and West Wickham were entered. Lewisham to the north could be of interest as a bordering neighbour. But several factors may limit the detail provided by Domesday. The Sulings or areas able to be ploughed were not fixed in size and  the area of ploughable land was influenced by soil types. There was presumably more woodland as a resource for building material and fuel. Population of Britain has been estimated at  1.25 to 2 million or less than 1/30th  of todays. A website related to Domesday quotes:

The total population of England in 1086 cannot be calculated accurately from Domesday for several reasons: only the heads of households are listed; major cities like London and Winchester were omitted completely; there are no records of nuns, monks, or people in castles. The population of England at the time of Domesday has been tentatively estimated at between 1¼ and 2 million. However, these figures are much lower than the 4 million people there are estimated to have been in Roman times.
Lincolnshire, East Anglia and East Kent were the most densely populated areas with more than 10 people per square mile, while northern England, Dartmoor and the Welsh Marches had less than three people per square mile. This is because many villages had been razed by the conquest armies.
see; https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/domesday/world-of-domesday/landscape.htm

Len Hevey compares the estimates of Domesday with the Tithe map of 1838 and finds that the total area is within 150 acres by comparison of 3300 acres (Domesday) and 3439 acres (1838 Tithe). This would also indicate that all the land was under 'Beckenham Manor' before Foxgrove, Langley, Kelsey and other properties were carved off.

1087-1100 King William II (Rufus)

1086-1096 Ansgot of Rochester, who held the Manor of Beckenham and several other manors in Kent is thought to have died during this time. (source: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1991)

Two manors in Kent which in 1086 belonged to Ansgot de Rovecestre (Rochester) did not pass to his descendants. Instead they became merged with the package of lands, mostly in Essex, which in 1086 belonged to Rannulf Pevrel. It is not known how this happened. One guess might be that Ansgot married his daughter to Rannulf’s son, giving her these two manors as her marriage portion; but there are other imaginable explanations. At all events, the entire holding lapsed to the king on the death of Rannulf’s son Willelm. It came to be known as the honour of Peverel of London.

The manors in question are Beckenham and Stoke (i.e. the portion of Stoke which did not belong to the church of Rochester). Half of Beckenham (the northern half) seems to have been held in domain until being granted out by Henric II: the first recorded owner is Willelm fiz Erneis (occ. 1168). The other half of Beckenham (the half which came to be called Langley Park), together with Stoke, became the property of a family whose name, in its earliest appearance, is Malesmæins (R1, fo. 186r); I take that to mean mal es meains, ‘pain in the wounds’. (But thirteenth-century scribes spell the name in various ways, not seeming to know or care about its etymology.) That surname attached itself to the manor in Stoke. In the 1130 Pipe Roll WILLIAM de Tresgoz (Tregoz) sheriff of Wiltshire renders an account of the farm of the land of William Peverel of London including “in repairing the houses and parks and spinneys and fishponds 115s and in enlarging the park of Beckenham 18s”. In the 1139 pipe roll William de Tregoz is still farming the lands of William Peverell of London.[1]

William de Peverell was a staunch supporter of King Stephen, he was imprisoned with him in 1141, and about 1152 Henry II dispossessed him of all of his lands most likely because of his support for Stephen against Henry.

[1] Battle Abbey Roll http://www.1066.co.nz/Mosaic%20DVD/library/Battle%20Roll/battle_abbey_roll3/battle_abbey_roll3.html



1100 - King Henry I until 1135. Henry Beauclerc was the fourth and youngest son of William I. Well educated, he founded a zoo at Woodstock in Oxfordshire to study animals. He was called the ‘Lion of Justice’ as he gave England good laws, even if the punishments were ferocious. His two sons were drowned in the White Ship so his daughter Matilda was made his successor. She was married to Geoffrey Plantagenet. When Henry died of food poisoning, the Council considered a woman unfit to rule and so offered the throne to Stephen, a grandson of William I. (source: www.historic-uk.com)

1100 - William de Insula to all men of Kent, French and English and in particular (nominatim) to the men of Beccaham, greeting. Know that I have granted to Christ Church, London, and the canons there, the land of Beccaham, which was Reginald Gahit's, which he held by service of a half knight, and which Picot Empasterat gave to the same church, William, Reginald's heir, agreeing; to hold of me and my heirs as freely as Picot held the same, and this by service of a half knight. Witnesses: Cecily, his wife, Rodbert, his son, Geoffrey, the chaplain, William of Lincoln. Kent. Endorsed:—[-] Becheham[-] Becham. (source: National Archive)

William de Insula is said  to  be the same as William de Lisle

And this 12th Century  Grant; Grant in frank almoin by William de Insula, with the consent of William his heir, Cicely the grantor's wife, and the rest of his children, to the canons of Christ Church, London, of the land which Robert de Witecroft held of him in Becham. Witnesses:- Prior Bernard of Dunestaple, Geoffrey, chaplain of the said William, Robert de Cornhello, and others (named): [Norf.]. Twelfth century. Ref. E 40/5493 (TNA?)


1100 - Grant by David, son of John, son of Alexander de Orpintun [Orpington], to Holy Trinity Priory, London, of his rights in lands at Beckenham and "Clayherst". Kent (source NA)

1129 - In the late 1120’s Hamo (Haimo II) sheriff died without heirs. His land (which also included Camberwell) was divided between Robert Earl of Gloucester and Robert de Crevicoeur (Calvados) Lord of Chatham[1]. This could be the part of Beckenham which was in the king’s hands in 1130 (To the earl of Gloucester 41 s. In the king's demesne of Beckenham 2 s. 4 d.), but the rest was probably already owned by the family which gave its name – Mal es meains, ‘Pain in the wounds’ – to the manor in Stoke.[2]

Walter son of Odo paid a fine in 1129/30 to secure his inheritance in Lincolnshire from the Countess of Chester as a beneficiary of Ivo Taillebois. Walter is also recorded as witness to a charter by William de Lisle granting Beckenham to Quarr Abbey circa 1130 (held at Belvoir Castle).



[1] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=bviFDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA66&lpg=PA66&dq=%22earl+of+gloucester%22+odo+bayeux&source=bl&ots=JETGaHJQSf&

sig=ACfU3U1SIP-G_LvqPZ8R5nxt_fW1Q0yo2Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiE-8313sTmAhWhmFwKHTPkBJ8Q6AEwD3oECA4QAQ#v=onepage&q=beckenham&f=false page 67

[2] http://www.durobrivis.net/articles/landowners.pdf (E 372/1, p. 68)

1134/5 - This document must be from the change of King Henry I to Stephen when Henry's daughter Mathilda was regent or empress for a short time having been named as heir by Henry but deposed in favour of Stephen. From a latin document requiring more translation attributed to 1141.

The empress confirms the gift of land in Beckenham (Kent) from Picot empastorator. and also those in 517

Latin text: M(athildis) imperatrix H(enrici) regis filia et Anglorum domina baronibus justiciartio vicecomiti et ministris et omnibus fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis dc Kent salutem. Sciatis me concessisse ecclesie Christi Lund(onie) et canonicis deo ibidem servientibus in elemosinam in perpetuum, pro animabus patris et matris mee et pro salute anime mee, terrain quam Picotus empastorat(or} eis dedit in villa de Bekaham, et vii solidatas terre quas Picot(us) emit de hominibus ejusdem ville. et viii solidatas terre Aestmundi. et terram de Claiherste cum omnibus rebus, locis, consuetudinibus et libertatibus ad easdem terras pertinentibus liberas et quielas ab omnibus rebus excepto servitio dei. Preterea concedo eis pasturam decem bou{m) inter meos boves in plano et in bosco. et x porcos sine pathnagio, et super hoc prohibeo super forisfactum meum ne aliquis sit ausus hominibus vel rebus ad predictam ecclesiam pertinentibus aliquam injuriam vel contumeliam inferre, quia nolo quod ecclesia jus suum vel libertatem in aliquo tempore meo perdat. Testim(onio) Rodb(er)to com(ite) de Glo[ecestria] . . . cancel[l]ario.

Translations;

Mathilda empress Henry the king's daughter and the English lady barons sheriff and ministers and all the faithful of their French and English of Kent health. You may know me concessisse of the church of Christ in Lund(onie) and the canonical god there servers as alms in perpetuity, for the souls of the father and mother mee and for the health of the anime mee, terrain than Picotus empastorator them gave in the village of Bekaham, and seven shillings worth of land which Picotus purchased from men of the same town. and eight shillings worth of land Aestmundi. and the ground of Claiherste with all the things, places, customs and freedoms of those countries appurtenances free and quielas from all things except service to god. Moreover, I grant them food ten herds between my oxen in the plane and in the bosco. and ten pigs without pathnagio(pannage), and over this hindu over forisfactum my not someone is a daring men or things to the saying of the church from any injury or abuse to inflict, because I don't want that church to her right or freedom in any time of my loses. Testim(onio) Rodb(er)to com(go) of Gloucester. . . cancel[l]some scholars, based on

Mathilda Empress, Henry’s daughter, and the English barons Just/justiciar lady ordered the officials and all the faithful, French and English of Kent health/safety. Know that I have granted to the church of Christ (Christchurch), London and the canons of the god in the same place those who are serving in alms for ever, for the souls of my father and of my mother and for the salvation of the my soul, that the land of  Picotus empastorat (or} yield to them in the town of twenty years, and the seven shillings' worth of land, which picot (us) bought from among men of the same town. hundred and eight shillings' worth of land Aestmundi., and the earth out of Claiherste, with all the things, places, customs, and liberties to those lands, a matter that, free and quiet away from all these things, excepto the service of God. in addition, I grant them their pasture, ten? ou { iii) between the piano and my cows in the woods. and ten pigs without pathnagio (pannage); Testiment(signed) Robert of Gloucester, chamberlain.


1135-1154 King Stephen

Undated but during Stephen's reign:

London Holy Trinity Priory:

Stephen King of England of all men, French and English of Becham (Beckenham) health. Know that I have granted, for the life of King Henry and other ancestors, the Holy Trinity London and canons in the country serving Claherst by paying five shillings  per year. The land that was Estmund for eight shillings and six pence per year. so do not make any, that insult to injury or let it be. According to Hubert, the chamberlain. At Westminster.

from a latin document which read; 

Confirmation of the land at Clayhurst and Esmtund‘s land

S(tephanus) rex Angltorum) omnibus hominibus suis Francis et Anglis de Becham salutem. Sciatis me concessisse. pro anima regis Henrici et aliorum antecessorum meorum, ecclesie Sancte Trinitatis London(ie) et canonicis in ea deo servientibus terram suam de
Claherst  per v solidos  reddendo (sic) inde per annum. Et terram que fuit Estmund per viii solidos et vi denarios reddendos per annum. Quare volo et precipio quod ipsi teneant eam bene et in pace, et libere et honorifice eam teneant (sic) in bosco et plano et pratis et pasturis et omnibus aliis rebus. ita ne ulla eis injuria vel contumelia fiat. Teste Huberto camerario. Apud Westmonasterium.

Source: Regesta Regum Anglo Normannorum 1066-1154

In the 12th Century there are two grants made to Holy Trinity (Christchurch) Priory in London of lands in Beckenham (including Cleyherst) by Walter son of (Count?) Gilbert & David son of John son of Alexander of Orpington.

Another document from Stephen's reigh. Stephen, king of England R. . . Malmains and man of Becham health. know I have granted the canon of Holy Trinity London the ground of  Claiherst at XII pence per year. I want to advise that, in peace and honor office he holds,they may have no wrong done to them on that.Testement/signed Hubert Chamberlain . In Westminster

1154-1189 King Henry II

1176 - 298. Grant by Abbot Walter to William son of Ernis, of land at Penge (Surr.), for thirty years. Chapter, Westminster 29 Sept. 1176.

Sciant omnes ad quos littere iste pervenerint quod ego Walterus, Dei gratia abbas Westmonasterii, et conventus eiusdem loci, communi assensu concessimus Willelmo filio Ernisii terram illam que est extra nemus nostrum de Pange, sicut aqueductus designat usque ad propriam terram prefati Willelmi, et a nemore archiepiscopi Cantuariensis usque ad parcum de Becham; tenendam de nobis pro xx solidis per annum, scilicet: x solidis ad Pascha et x ad Festum Sancti Michaelis, usque ad xxx annos. Post illum vero terminum, remanebit terra illa ecclesie nostre in eo statu in quo fuit die qua eam predictus Willelmus suscepit, nisi heres ipsius Willelmi obtinere possit apud abbatem et conventum ut deinceps teneat sicut antecessor tenuit. Si vero infra prefatum terminum decesserit sepedictus Willelmus, heres ipsius tenebit usque ad memoratum terminum. Hanc autem conventionem fideliter tenendam juravit idem Willelmus in capitulo nostro, tactis sacrosanctis evangeliis. Facta est autem hec conventio inter nos anno vi coronationis Regis Henrici iunioris, et martirii Beati Thome, ad Festum Sancti Michaelis. His testibus: Magistro Nicholao et Jordano, clericis abbatis; Gilleberto de Wandelesuurtha; Ricardo de Berching'; Radulfo camerario abbatis; Henrico de Winton; Henrico de Limeseia; Eudone filio Ernisii; Hugone Carbunel; Roberto de Martinivilla; Radulfo de Bruhill'; Ricardo Aguillun; Roberto clerico de Becham et Osberto fratre eius; Willelmo presbitero de Beccham et multis aliis.

MS: WAM LII.
10.5 × 9.3 cm. Seal missing. Endorsed: Penge (15C).
Note: No copy because the transaction would have been out of date before any cartulary was made.

Well, my Latin is non existent but I can make out Robert Clerk of Beckenham and William priest of Beckenham. Also this online translation:

Know all to whom from one letter to another this have reached that I'm Walter, by the grace of God (Abbot of Westminster) abbas's archaeology, and the meeting of the same place, the common consent concessimus William son Ernisii country that is outside the forest, we sing, o, as the aqueduct designates up to a proper ground aforementioned of william, and a tree of the archbishop of Canterbury down to the park about Becham (Beckenham); to hold of us for twenty shillings per year, namely: x the staple at Easter and x the Feast of St. Michael up to thirty years. After that the limit will remain the land of those of our church in a position where it was the day on which it aforesaid William received, unless the heir of of william to obtain a can with has and log in to the forward hold as the ancestor held. If, however, below aforementioned term has died sepedictus William, the heir of the hold up to had a limit. This agreement faithfully hold sworn the same William on the article and our, touching sacred gospels. You made this meeting between us in the year vi (six) coronation of King Henry the younger, and martirii(martyr) of the Blessed Thomas, the Feast of Saint Michael. With these witnesses: Master Nicholao and Jordano, clergy, abbot; Gilleberto of Wandelesuurtha; Ricardo de Berching'; Ralph camerlengo abbot; Henry of Winton; Henry of Limeseia; Eudo the son Ernisii; Hugh Carbunel; Robert de Martinivilla; Ralph of Bruhill'; Ricardo Aguillun; Robert the clerk of Becham and Osberto brother of his; William priest of Beccham and many others.


1189- King  Richard (Lionheart) until 1199

1199 - King John until 1216

1204 - Land in Penge; 330. From the Calendar of Fines, Surrey; Final concord between Abbot Ralph, plaintiff, and William de Ginnes and his wife Matilda, defendants, concerning a carucate of land in Battersea (Surr.), and the wood and land of Penge (Surr.). Curia Regis, Westminster. Easter term 1204.[1]


Latin text; Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Westmonasterium a die Pasche in j mensem, anno regni Regis Johannis quinto, coram Gaufrido filio Petri, Ricardo de Her[iet'], Simone de Pat[es]hull, Eustachio de Faucunb[er]g, Johanne de Gestling, Osberto filio Hervei, Godefrido de Insula, Waltero de Creping', justiciariis, et aliis baronibus domini regis tunc ibi presentibus, inter Radulfum abbatem Westmonasterii, petentem, et Willelmum de Ginnes, et Matildem uxorem suam, tenentem, de una carucata terre cum pertinentiis in Batricheseya sicut aquaductus designat usque ad propriam terram predicti Willelmi, et a nemore archiepiscopi Cantuariensis usque ad parcum de Beke[n]ham. Unde placitum fuit inter eos in prefata curia, scilicet: quod predicti Willelmus et Matildis recognoverunt totam predictam terram cum pertinentiis esse ius ipsius abbatis et ecclesie Sancti Petri de Westmonasterio. Et pro hac recognitione et fine et concordia predictus abbas concessit predicto Willelmo et Matildi et heredibus ipsius Matildis totam predictam terram cum pertinentiis, tenendam de ipso abbate et successoribus suis inperpetuum per liberum servicium viginti solidorum per annum pro omni servicio, reddendo ad duos terminos anni, scilicet: ad Pascha decem solidos, et ad Festum Sancti Michaelis decem solidos. Et pro hac concessione predicti Willelmus et Matildis remiserunt et quietum clamaverunt predicto abbati et successoribus suis totum ius et clamium quod habuerunt in bosco et in terra de Pange de se et heredibus ipsius Matildis inperpetuum, ita quod predictus abbas et successores sui possint facere voluntatem suam de predicto bosco et terra sine contradictione predictorum Willelmi et Matildis et heredum ipsius Matildis: ita tamen quod predictus abbas concessit predicto Willelmo et Matildi et heredibus ipsius Matildis communam herbagii in bosco suo de Pange de omnibus propriis averiis de Bekenham, exceptis capris et alienis averiis, quamdiu boscum clausum non fuerit. Et preterea idem abbas concessit predictis Willelmo et Matildi et heredibus ipsius Matildis triginta porcos in predicto bosco quietos de pannagio et omnes alii porci et omnia averia de Bekenham removeantur de predicto bosco de Pange quamdiu pessio durat, scilicet: inter Festum Sancti Michaelis et Festum Sancti Martini. Et si forte contigerit quod predictus abbas vel successores sui predictum obscum de Pange clauserunt predicti Willelmus et Matildis et heredes ipsius Matildis habebunt in predicto bosco pasturam ad quadraginta animalia et ad centum oves et predictos triginta porcos quietos de pannagio. Et si forte contigerit quod idem abbas vel successores sui de predicto bosco essartare voluerint licet bene facere eis hoc sine contradictione predictorum Willelmi et Matildis vel heredum ipsius Matildis sed tamen remanebit de predicto bosco et herbagio non sartato quod idem Willelmus et Matildis et heredes ipsius Matildis habeant sustentacionem ad predictos triginta porcos et ad quadraginta animalia et ad centum oves. Et idem abbas cepit homagium ipsius Willelmi de predicta terra in eadem curia.

Translation: (not accurate but you get the gist) This is the final agreement in the king's court at Westminster on Easter one month fifth year of King John, before Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Richard Her [descryed '], Simon of Pat [are] Hull, Eustace of Faucunb [e ] G, John Gesding, Osbert son Hervey Godfrey Island, Walter Creping, judges, and other barons of the king but was present, between Ralph abbot of Westminster candidate, and William of Ginnes and Maud his wife, holding; carucate of land with their belongings in Battersea aquaductus as he points to the native countries of William, the archbishop from the grove to the park de Beke [n] ham. Hence it was a plea between them in the aforesaid court, that is: William and Maude acknowledged that all the said land with their belongings and be right at the Abbot of St. Peter of Westminster. And for this acknowledgment and the end, and the concord of the aforesaid abbot was granted to the said William and Matilda, and the heirs of Matilda: the whole of the aforesaid land with its appurtenances, to be held from the abbot and his successors for ever, by his free service of twenty shillings by the year instead of all the service, which may be rendered, at the two ends of the of the year, namely Easter ten shillings, and the Feast of Saint Michael in ten pieces. so that the aforesaid abbot and his successors, that they may do the will of his own in the woodland, and the earth, without contradiction by the aforesaid William and Maud, and heirs of the same Maud, on condition, however, that the aforesaid abbot was granted to the said William and Matilda, and the heirs of Matilda: the common of herbage in his wood of Pange (Penge) of all the de Beckenham be driven with their own, with the exception of the goats, and other men's cattle, as long as the wood is shut up, did not happen. And, furthermore, the same abbot granted to the aforesaid William and Matilda, and their heirs of him, Maud, and thirty pigs in the wood with all was quiet among the pannage of the, and all the other swine fed, and all the beasts of the de Beckenham be removed from the wood with de Pange, as long as pessio lasts, that is, between the feasts of Saint Michael, and the Feast of St Martin . And if you happen to do so, that the abbot or his successors, in the woodland essartare they wish, even though to do good, to them, this is without a contradiction of the aforesaid William, and Maud, the or the heirs of the same Maud, but, however, will remain in the woodland and also the herbage does not sartato what is the same, William, and Maud, and the heirs of Matilda: they have a maintenance at said thirty to forty pigs and animals and a hundred sheep. The Abbot received homage from William the land in the same court.

It seems that this is disputed though: Otuel (Othewel) de l'Isle notifies the king's justices, who are probably on eyre in Kent, that the prior and canons of Holy Trinity Aldgate, London hold half a knight's fee in Beckenham from him and that it is against his will and unjustly that Alexander de Orpington (Orpenton), the latter's son John and Osbert Huitdeniers (Uitdeniers or Eightpence)[2] entered that land; Otuel excuses himself and sends his son Otuel to bear witness. To the justices of the lord king, Otuel de l'Isle, greeting. Know that the prior and canons of Holy Trinity, London, hold some land in Beckenham from me in fee and heredity by the service of half a knight, as they held from my father and from my brother William and as our charters testify. And therefore I want you to know that neither Alexander de Orpington nor his son John or Osbert Huitdeniers have entered that land through me, but against me and without my consent and unjustly and against all reason, and therefore I send my son Otuel to bear witness of this and I myself would have come to this day if I had not been retained by old age and serious illness. If, however, it should be necessary in some place and at some time, I shall come and stand with the prior and the canons and do what I have to as the lord of the land which they hold from me, as mentioned before. Farewell.[3] [4]

Osbert Huitdeniers is thought to have been both sheriff of London and justiciar at different times. He was a relative of Thomas a Becket and employed him as a clerk on leaving school about 1140.[5] He was responsible for negotiations with Empress Matilda as representative for the Angevins. He held land by Robert Earl of Gloucester (one of many illegitimate sons of Henry I) who may have been responsible for dealing with lands confiscated from Odo

[1] https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol25/pp175-185

[2] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=nuYYo5XSlrMC&pg=PA109&lpg=PA109&dq=huitdeniers&source=bl&ots=Imxwb6qHvf&

sig=ACfU3U3XAlQAMjlYmun9qPo0NEDhaK4kQw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiSn9-x1MTmAhVPTsAKHbHVCTMQ6AEwAXoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=huitdeniers&f=false [3] ENGLISH LAWSUITS FROM WILLIAM I TO RICHARD I. VOLUME II: HENRY II AND RICHARD I (NOS 347-665) (No 580)

[4] https://www.british-history.ac.uk/ancient-deeds/vol3/pp238-251 National Archives E 40/5937

[5] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=bkGpFhiPtIEC&pg=PA212&lpg=PA212&dq=osbert+huitdeniers&source=bl&ots=OqofJ1ndOv&

sig=ACfU3U37skWqTarv6rlGLf6ALWJKa7AtRg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjQjLPY2sTmAhVChlwKHT-IATkQ6AEwC3oECA0QAQ#v=onepage&q=osbert%20huitdeniers&f=false

1215 - Magna Carta


1216 - King Henry III until 1272

1242 - Foxgrove; An Act concerning the assurance of certain lands to the Lady Elizabeth Vaulx in recompence of her jointure

Where before this time Syr Thomas Vaux Knyght Lorde Harrowdon, in consideracion of marriage had betwene hym and the Lady Elizabeth Nowe his Wife Doughter and Heire to Sir Thomas Cheyny Knyght deceased, laufully assured unto the seid Lady Elizabeth for time of ther lyfe amongst others the Manour of Grene Norton in the Countie aforesaid...

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=B7o4AQAAMAAJ&lpg=PA580&dq=vaux%20foxgrove&pg=PA579#v=onepage&q=vaux%20foxgrove&f=false

1250 - Beckenham Manor Park, (The lands around the manor, not Beckenham Place Park which occupies the land of Foxgrove Manor) was medieval and already established by the 1250s when mentioned in the land grant (in the British Library) by Sir Richard de la Rochelle to the Hospital of St Katherine next the Tower of London. In this grant the land included Beckenham Park, heriots and reliefs in the village of Beckenham, and the course of Hawk's brooks 'running from my park of Beckenham towards the land of the friars and sister of St Katherine with Hawk's brooks running from it.'[1].


[1] The Landscape Legacy of Deer Parks in Kent & Bromley – Susan Pitman

Susan's book identifies several places which formed deer parks including Langley nearby. The later 1623 map showing fields or areas called Spring Park, Alder Park, Park Close and Rounds Park imply fenced areas (emparked)  and some parts were more wooded such as Stumphill wood. The Hawks brooks is the ancient or original name for the Beck River but some questions arise as to whether 'running from' means downstream in the direction of Lewisham. The northern boundary of the park formed the Parish boundary until this day.

1254 Henry III granted free warren in his lands in Kent, Wiltshire & Essex and weekly markets & annual fairs at Wokenden (South Ockendon) and Market Lavington to Richard de la Rokele at the behest of Sir John Fitz Geoffrey Justiciar of Ireland and uncle of Richard.
After the battle of Evesham the Earl of Gloucester took the Manor of Beghenham value £40 but restored it to him in 1265.

From Magna Carta Ancestry by Douglas Richardson 2nd Ed. 2011: In 1254 at his instance (Sir John Fitz Geoffrey), the king gave a charter to his nephew, Richard de la Rokele, for free warren in Richards demesne lands in the counties of Kent, Wiltshire and Essex and Market Lavington Wiltshire.

Fitz Geoffrey was justiciar for Ireland, a position which the Rokeles acquired later.


1257 - Reference to Amfrey de Beckenham rector of the church of Hodleg

1267 - Beckenham Manor; Henry le Waleys purchased the Beckenham Manor 1267, but this appears to be on a lease as Henry le Waleys bought Beckenham Manor[1] from Richard de Rupella(de la Rokele)[2]. In fact Richard, who died about 1277, was succeeded by his son Philip[3] whose daughter Isolda took the manor in marriage to Sir William Bruyn according to Hasted or as Isolda was not a daughter  of the Rokeles being a maid of honour of Queen Eleanor was married to William Bruyn/Brune. It is claimed Matilda, daughter of Philip de Rupella/de la Rokeley who married Maurice Bruyn, William and Isolda's son, brought the manors of Beckenham and Okendon(Ockendon, Essex)  to the Bruyn family. Therefore the manor must have been leased to Henry le Waleys.  Waleys rose to be Lord Mayor of London and granted some income from Beckenham to a religous order of nuns. le Waleys name is derived from the fact he is believed to have migrated from Wales. 

[1] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=hmfZlJ4hi-0C&pg=PA334&lpg=PA334&dq=waleys+beckenham&source=bl&ots=p5WlZZSa2q&sig=ACfU3U3nUtMVJ_9r8K6S0Ht1zQqWlfQhZg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjapuupuNrmAhVPQhUIHfC1At4Q6AEwAnoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=waleys%20beckenham&f=false

[2] https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1540-6563.2008.00217.x

[3] https://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/vol2/pp133-141
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_le_Walleis

1272 - King Edward I until 1307

1272 - Grantor: Peter de Stokes, Rector of the church of Beckenham. Grantee: Henry le Waleys, citizen of London. PLACE OR SUBJECT: Grant of land, etc., in the parish of St. Mary Woolnoth. COUNTY: London. (TNA)

This only evidences the name of the Rector of Beckenham and that he held land in the Parish of St. Mary Woolnoth in the city of London. There are other references to land in Beckenham being connected to other land in the city via grants and leases.

1274/5? - Kent Hundred Rolls: translation of a latin document in the National Archive taken from http://www.kentarchaeology.ac/khrp/hrproject.pdf

Edward I returned from crusade in 1274 to a kingdom where the crown had been weakened by civil war during the baronial reform period of 1258-65, and where there was extensive local government corruption. According to the heading of the Kent Hundred Rolls, inquiry was to be made into the king’s rights which had been usurped by lay and ecclesiastical lords, and into the excessive demands of sheriffs, escheators and coroners, and also of bailiffs and other officials, whether royal or seigniorial. Many of the encroachments on royal rights, often dating from c.1258-65, were the result of the expansion of royal government and justice in the thirteenth century. As new royal procedures developed, lay and ecclesiastical lords did their best to take them over for their own use, in order to strengthen their hold over their tenants. Henry III had ordered an inquiry into franchises in 1255, and Edward I throughout his reign was intent on building up the rights and powers of the Crown. He and his lawyers considered that all judicial rights belonged to the Crown, and any private liberty or franchise had to be backed up by royal warrant. He was, moreover, a reformer of law and justice, and realised that discontent among his subjects might lead to protest and rebellion. On the other hand, justice and good government would increase his prestige and his revenues.

Bromley Hundred - The jury say that Beckenham manor was at one time in the lord king’s hand and now Sir Richard de Rupella holds it of the lord king in chief by the service of one knight and they do not know by what warrant. They also say that half the hundred of Bromley is in the lord king’s hand and it is worth 6s. each year and the other moiety of the same hundred is in the bishop of Rochester’s hand but they do not know what it is worth each year. Then they say that a certain land called Foxgrove [Beckenham par.] in the vill of Beckenham is of the lord king’s fee and now John Malemains holds that of Sir Robert Agillon by the service of a fourth part of one knight’s fee, but from what time or how it was alienated they do not know. Then they say that half the hundred of Bromley was withdrawn by the bishop of Rochester who holds the half hundred for 10 years and it is worth 10s. each year, with loss of 20s. each year to the king. Then they say that the archbishop of Canterbury has the assize of bread and ale and other liberties, as has often been said before but they do not know by what warrant. Then they say that the archbishop of Canterbury, the bishop of Rochester and Sir Richard de Rupella have chace and warrens in their demesnes from ancient times but they do not know by what warrant. Then they say that Adam de Walais, then the bailiff, took 18d. from Ralph de Langel for removing the same man from one assize. money from them for remitting the same summons. Then they say that Hamo de la Forstall gave a certain sum of money more than the ancient farm of this lathe, to Sir Henry Malemains, the sheriff, and because of this he greatly oppressed the people and country unjustly and Alexander de Cateford and Richard de Halifield, who were bailiffs after the said Hamo, acted in the same way and they say that the said Richard took 10s. from Henry de Ponte falsely accusing him of robbery, for a similar reason he took 10s. from Walkelin de Ponte, 2s. from Adam Fidel and 3s. from Richard de la Denne. Then they say that Master Richard de Clifford, the escheator, took possession of Beckenham manor for the lord king by declaring that Richard de Rupella was dead (5 Edward I[1]) and afterwards he took 1 tun of wine, price 1 mark, from Henry le Walais (Waleys) who held the same manor at farm, before he was able to hold and have the term of his farm. Then they say that the same Master Richard, the escheator, caused the greatest destruction in the archbishopric of Canterbury at the time of its vacancy, but they do not know how much. Then [he took] 6d. from Walkelin de Ponte for a similar reason, 4d. from Henry de Ponte for a similar reason and for a similar reason the same Adam took money, corn and timber beyond measure from many men of Bromley hundred. Then the same Adam falsely summoned the men of this hundred at Guildford and afterwards took much.

Jurors for the Hundred of Bromley: Hundred of Bromley John of Foxgrove, John Wymer, Gilbert of Raunesden, Ralph de Perre, Lambert Russel, Ivo de Reyerse. 

Of the names mentioned here we have record of Rupella/Rokele in several references. de Langel is mentioned in a later Lay Subsidy Roll, Malmains is in other references as is Walais/Waleys. Of the jurors John of Foxgrove may have been written 'de Foxgrove' in the latin text but not necessarily the family from whom the manor derived its name, rather the other way round? This is among the insights we can get from contemporary documents and accounts.




[1] National Archives C 133/17/1


1277 - Richard de Rokeley (de la Rokele) died seised of this Mannor of Beckenham, in the fifth year of Edward the first (1277)The original Etymologie of Rokeley extracted from Rochel in France.  (Philipot).  Although similar to Ruxley there is apparently no connection as Ruxley is derived from the family of Rokesle. Philipot derived his source from the following.

Post Mortem Inquisition; Richard de la Rokele. Writ to Ralph de Sandwyco the king's steward, 8 April, 5 Edw. I. Kent. Inq. 14 April, 5 Edw. I.(1277)
Becghenham. The manor, held of the king in chief for 1 knight's fee.
He died on the morrow of St. Nicholas in the said year. Philip his firstborn son, aged 30 and more, is his heir.
Writ to Richard de Holebroc, the king's steward, 8 April, 5 Edw. 1.
Essex. Inq. (undated.)
Crustwick. The manor, held of the king in chief by service of 12d. yearly.
Wokindon Rokele. The manor, held of the earl of Hereford for 1 knight's fee.
Heir as above.
(BHO)

1287-1288 - Grant by William Peverel, mercer, of London, to Simon de Wychingham, mercer, of the same, of all the tenement in Bekenham, which he had of the demise of Richard de la Esthalle, paying certain rents to the prior and convent of the Holy Trinity, London, and to others (named). Witnesses:- Sir Ralph de Sandwyco, warden of London, William de Hereford, and Thomas de Stanes, sheriffs of the same,and others (named): [Kent?]. [16 Edward I.] Reference E 40/4891 (TNA?)

1295 Philipot claims that Richard de Rokeley was succeeded in the Possession of Beckenham Manor by Philip de la Rokeley, and he held it likewise at his Death, which hapened in the 23 year of Edw. the first,(1295) and left it to his Sole Daughter and Heir Isolda de la Rokeley matched to William Bruin, by whom She had Issue Sir Maurice Bruin, Chamberlaine to K. Edw.the third, honoured with the Summons to Parliament as Baron amongst the Peers of this Realm, also sheriff of Essex second year of Henry VI (Philipot)

But subsequent evidence claims that Philipot is wrong about Isolda and it was either Maud or Matilda de la Rokeley, daughter of Philip, later married to Maurice Bruin/Brune who carried Beckenham Manor and Okendon(Ockendon, Essex) to the Bruyn family. The confusion may lie in the fact that Maud was a minor and the father of her future husband, William Brun was married to Isolda but it doesn't fully answer the difference.

Post Mortem Inquisition: Philip de la Rokeley,  23 Edward I (1295) Beghenham Kent the manor (extent given) held of the king in chief by service of a knight’s fee. Herst (Clayherst?) 40a of arable held of the Abbot of Westminster by service of 20s yearly. Heir Maud his daughter aged 9 and a half.[1]

National Archives – Kent Hundred Rolls 1274/5

[1] https://www.forgottenbooks.com/en/download/Calendar_of_Inquisitions_Post_Mortem_and_Other_Analogous_Documents_v3_1000689559.pdf


1301 - We have a slight conundrum here in that the Manor of Beckenham was said to held by the Rokeles but the Battle Abbey Role by the Duchess of Cleveland differs. But as that was written in 1889 we might assume it perpetuates some inaccuracies. The publication states:

Rokell : from Rochelle in the Cotentin. "In 1130 Humfrid de Rochella had lands in Dorset; in 1165 we find William de Rochelle in Essex (Rot. Pip. Lib. Niger). The former witnessed the charter of William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, founding Walden Abbey" (Mon. i. 460).—The Norman People. South-Okendon, or Wokyndon, in Essex, took its name of Rokele from its ancient owners. The above-mentioned William held it in the reign of Henry II. of Hugh de Eu, under Geoffrey de Mandeville: "in some deeds he is styled William de Eu. Probably he married a daughter of Hugh, and so came into this manor. The capital Seat was a stately one, not far from the Church, on the right hand side of the road leading to Warley and Burntwood."—Morants Essex. He was succeeded by Sir Richard de la Rokele, at whose death in 1222, the manor was confirmed to his son, to be held by knight's service of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. There were only two more heirs; the last, Philip, died in 1295, leaving two daughters and coheirs, Maud and Isolda. Maud was married to Lord Grey; and "Isolda brought Wokyndon Rokele in marriage to Sir William de Brune, of the Bed-Chamber to King Ed. I., who was so much in favour with that Prince, that he gave him the Manor of Beckingham in Kent: And his wife, Isolda, who was Lady of the Bed-Chamber to Queen Alianor, obtained also from her several lordships."—Ibid, The arms of Rokele were Lozengy, Gules; whereas the De la Rochelles of Normandy (according to Drouet-Darcq's Armorial de la France) in 1360 bore two bends Argent with seven escallops.

The name is found in several other counties. Grangevilles Rockells, in Norfolk, was granted in the thirteenth century by Sir Richard de Rokele (perhaps the same who was seated in Essex) to Reginald de Kareville, as the marriage portion of his daughter Alice.—Blomfield. Richard de la Rokele, joint Lord of Flitcham-cum-Appleton, Oulton, and Walton, was knight of the shire in 1311 and 1314; and Godfrey de la Rokele held at Colney, Tibbenham, and Aslacton, in the same county in 1316. Besides these, I find mentioned in Palgrave's Parliamentary Writs, Humphrey de la Rochelle, of Frilsham and Marsham, Berkshire; Robert de la Rokele of Astwood in Buckinghamshire, Martin de la Rokele, one of the Justices appointed in that county in 1309; and John de la Rokele, of Holland in Yorkshire, one of the "Fideles" of Ireland, who received a writ of military summons in 1322. Another Essex manor, Coggeshall Rokells, bore their name.

William Bruyn died in 1301 and the 1295 entry says Philip de la Rokele's daughter Maud was 9 at that time. The source material for the Battle Abbey Role cannot be investigated but the post mortem inquisition record throws some doubt upon it.

1302 - Manor of Beckenham: GRANTOR: Executors of Henry le Waleys, citizen of London. GRANTEE: Nuns Minoresses (Juliana, abbess). PLACE OR SUBJECT: Grant, indented, of a tenement called `Bekenham' in the city of London. COUNTY: London. (National Archive). There is reference to Henry le Waleys acquiring Beckenham Manor with associated property in the City. Given that  several Beckenham incumbents were Mayors or Aldermen of London this is very likely. Various transfers of property over  the years may have added or separated parts of the Manor. As we believe the manor to have been leased and sub-leased on a regular basis then this grant looks like le Waleys donating rents to the Priory/Prioress.

Maud de la Rokele who was heiress to Beckenham Manor would be about 16 years of age. The possibility exists that the Rokeles or Bruyns leased to Henry le Waleys who then sub-leased. Bearing in mind that  the Rokeles and Bruyns treated Essex estates as a primary base along with the properties in Hampshire.


1303 - Langley?: John de Malmains said to have possessed Langley is sued for debt by inquisition. From a Latin document, source: National Archive. Whether a connection exists is speculative.

Debtor: John Malmaines {Malemeyns}, knight, of Kent [held parts of fees in Eastry Hundred, Kent], and William de Brenton {?Brampton] of Kent.

Creditor: Geoffrey de Conduit, citizen of London.

Amount: £30.

Before whom: John le Blund, Mayor of London; Henry de Leicester, Clerk.

First term: 22/07/1303

Last term: 22/07/1303

Writ to: Sheriff of Kent

Sent by: John le Blund, Mayor of London; Henry de Leicester, Clerk.


1307 - King Edward II until 1327



1308 - Penge?: Close Rolls; March 20.Westminster. John Tolomer came before the king, on Friday next after the feast of St. Benedict the Abbot last past, and sought to replevy to Robert de Chyggewelle his land in Batricheseye, taken into the king's hands for the said Robert's default before the justices of the Bench against Walter Fraunceys. This was signified to the said justices.

March 23.Westminster.The same John came before the king, on Friday next before the feast of the Annunciation, and sought to replevy to himself the land of the said Robert in Batrichesseye and Beghhonham, which land was taken, etc.


1308 - Repair of church at Beckenham. Trespass cutting down of trees. William Bush parson of Beckenham v. John de Ponton, Richard de Langele sr, Ralph de Steineshull, William son of Richard de Langele sr, Walter le Lunge, Adam Wythel, William Fraunceys, John Anketyn, William de Berkhamstede, Robert de Langele, Henry Altherman, Richard Aylmere, Ralph Aylmere, Thomas Aylmere & Gilbert de Crokedenne. John de Ponton, Richard de Langele sr, and Ralph de Steineshull justify as wardens of the work of the church of Beckenham; because the interior of the church needed repair, they with the others as parishioners of the church and by the consent, license, and will of the parson cut the trees and took them to the church to repair the church. No verdict. [30]

http://aalt.law.uh.edu/E2/KB27no194/bKB27no194dorses/IMG_0430.htm

The transcript of the name Ralph Steineshull could be wrong and it may be Ralph Stomeshull which we believe is the same as Stommeshulle which appears in the Lay Subsidy Roll of 1334 and we have connected that with the latter day placename of Stumpshill.


1313 - Post Mortem Inquisition; WILLIAM DE BLIBURGH.Writ, 12 March, 6 Edw. II.Inq. made at Bromlegh on Sunday, 18 March, 6 Edw. II. Bromlygh. A messuage, 2a. garden, 1 1/2a. wood, 3a. 3r. meadow, 26a. arable, and 3a. alder-wood, held of the bishop of Rochester by service of rendering 5s. yearly and suit of court.
Hese. (Hayes) 4 1/2a. pasture held of the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, by service of rendering 1 1/2d. yearly.
Beghenham. 2a. wood and 20a. arable, held of Maurice le Brun by service of rendering 5s. 4d. yearly.
Agnes de Blyburgh, aged 35, the wife of Richard de Donlee, and daughter of Amy (Amie) sister of the said William, is his next heir; the jury know not of any co-heirs.

This indicates a sub-tenant of Maurice le Brun  for a relatively small piece in Beckenham but one could guess that  the land might be connected on the Beckenham, Bromley, Hayes borders approx. 62 acres in all. However we find on later maps that  land holding were not always contiguous, having outlying fields and plots. The names Bliburgh and Donlee  could be researched.



1317 - Patent Rolls:March 10. York. Licence, after inquisition ad quod damnum taken by Master Richard de Clare, king's clerk, escheator beyond Trent for John Abel to enclose a way leading from Gadeford (Cadeford/Catford) to Beghenham (Bekenham) under his dwelling place of Cypenham (Sibenham/Sydenham) in Leuesham (Lewisham) for the enlargement of his said dwelling place, provided he make another sufficient way in his own soil containing 70 perches of land in length and 24 feet in width.
This could be in the viscinity of Kent House?

1319 - "Langley in this Parish is a second Seat of eminent Account, which was in elder Times the Possession of John de Malmains, who obtained a Charter of Free-Warren to his Lands in Bekenham, in the twelfth year of Edward the second." (source: Philipot).
 
Free warren is a type of franchise or privilege conveyed by a sovereign in medieval England to an English subject, promising to hold them harmless for killing game of certain species within a stipulated area, usually a wood or small forest.

Hasted tells us: This place (Langley) afterwards came into the possession of the family of Malmaines, who were settled at Waldershare in this county, in the time of the Conqueror. John de Malmaines obtained a charter of free warren for his lands in Begenham, in the 12th year of king Edward II (1319) which was renewed to Henry Malmaines, of Cliffe, in the 3d year of king Edward III (1330). It appears by the Book of Aid, in the 20th year of king Edward III (1347) that Nicholas Malmains held half a knight's fee of the king in Begenham. He died, in the 23d year of that reign, possessed of much land in this county; (fn. 23) before the end of which, the property of this manor was transferred by sale to Langley, a name most probably taken from this place, though the family itself has been long since extinct. These Langleys of Beckingham were, most probably, a distinct family from those of Knowlton in this county, who were originally descended from a family of that name in the county of Warwick. (Hasted)

A record from Edward II's time; July 2nd York; Enrolment of deed of John de Poton of Beghenham acknowledging receipt from Master Henry de Clyff of 20l. for Michaelmas term, 12 Edward II., in full payment of 200 marks due to him from Henry for certain lands in Beghenham that Henry had of his feoffment. Witnesses; Sir William de Ayremynne; Master John de Blebury; Michael de Wych'; Walter de Scorby; Thomas le Vendour of York. Dated at York, 4 July, in the above year.Memorandum, that John came into chancery at York, on the said day, and acknowledged the above deed. (BHO)

1324 - Kenthouse?; Post Mortem Inquisition; JOAN, LATE THE WIFE OF RICHARD DE CHIGGEWELL alias DE CHYKEWELLE.

Writ, 15 October, 18 Edward II. Inq. Sunday after All Saints, 18 Edward II. Beghenham. A messuage and 140a. land, which the said Richard acquired to himself, the said Joan, and the heirs of the said Richard, held for life by the said Joan of Maurice de Brun by service of 11s. yearly, and rendering 1lb. pepper to Thomas Bardolf yearly; and 120a. land held for life, by acquisition (de acquisito) with the abovesaid Richard, of the said Maurice by divers services.
Leuesham. 40a. land similarly held for life of the prior of Leuesham by service of 12s. yearly.
Robert his son, aged 40 and more, is next heir of the said Richard.

Other evidence shows Kenthouse on the Lewisham/Sydenham borders underpinning my view that this relates to Kenthouse. This is among the many assumptions we are tempted to conclude. This 140a matches Kenthouse in 1346

Richard de Chigwell was an owner of ships, quays, mills and had a large staff of agents and an alderman. They handled hanseatic timber, cloth, wool, wine and massive quantities of grain. He held property in 6 London parishes as well as in Kent & Essex and was the third highest taxpayer in 1292[1]. He died in 1306. Joan, his wife, was daughter of Simon de Gardino and appears to have died in 1324 and her will survives. He was appointed wardship (as godfather) to Maud daughter of Philip de la Rochelle (Rokele) and she is supposed to have married Maurice le Bruyn by 1300[2].  

On evidence it would seem that Maud (aka Matilda) married Maurice at the age of about 14, there is evidence of an inquest about this[3]. An Isolda (Isuelt) appears to have been married to Maurice’s father Sir William Bruyn[4] and therefore to be mother of Maurice.  



[1] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=hmfZlJ4hi-0C&pg=PA166&lpg=PA166&dq=%22richard+de+chigwell%22+kent&source=bl&ots=p5XkU2S92r&sig=ACfU3U1FEKCAVwl_xOoEOGMKGM_Gj7LsEA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjvn4qYo9PoAhWLasAKHXy5A8sQ6AEwAnoECAsQLg#v=onepage&q=%22richard%20de%20chigwell%22%20kent&f=false

[2] https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/essex/vol7/pp117-126

[3] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=inFEAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA97&dq=maurice+le+bruin+marriage+age+inquiry&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj67KbXut7oAhUJCsAKHU2nBTAQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=maurice%20le%20bruin%20marriage%20age%20inquiry&f=false

[4] https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=w4MgAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA214&dq=isolda+bruyn&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwixuo2ertPoAhUKAcAKHW3QDLIQ6AEIazAI#v=onepage&q=isolda%20bruyn&f=false

1327 - King Edward III (until 1377)

1328 - Post Mortem Inquisition: WILLIAM LE LATYMER, LE LATIMER, or LATIMER.  Writ, 2 March, 1 Edward III.  Inq. 11 March, 1 Edward III.  Asshe. The manor (extent given), held of the heir of John de Mouubrai by service of a quarter of a knight’s fee and rendering at the said heir’s manor of Ryerhs (Ryarsh) for the ward of the castle of Rochester 24s. yearly.
Bromlegh. 2 messuages, lands, and a water-mill (extent given), including a tenement called Blakebrok, held of the bishop of Rochester by service of 8s. yearly, and doing suit at his court of Bromlegh every three weeks; and 3a. of marsh pasture held of the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, by service of 4d. yearly.
Beghenham. 57a. arable and 3a. marsh pasture, held of Maurice de Brun by service of 10s. 3d. yearly, and doing suit at his court of Beghenham every three weeks.
William his son, aged 26 years, is his next heir.

This shows a tenancy under Maurice de Brun (le Bruyn) for part of Beckenham Manor. Marsh pasture implies a waterside position. Doing suit at court is unclear whether it meant taking part in proceedings or a periodic payment, perhaps both? However this three weekly procedure could imply le Brun holds something akin to a magistrates court and is in residence at least regularly at Beckenham. Similarly, Latimer had the obligation for the same service to the Bishop of Rochester at Bromley.

The source from Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1991 speculates that Robert Latimer was connected with Ansgot of Rochester circa Domesday 1086 and may have been English rather than Norman and possibly acting as an interpreter. I'm speculating that William may be descended or related but the description 'le Latimer' could imply its applied to anyone able to interpret/write in Latin.

1330 Langley purchased by Henry de Cliffe, "to whom they accrued by Purchase from Malmains, in the third year of Edward the third;(1330) but stayed not long in the Tenure of this Family. (see 1319)

Henry de Cliffe is mentioned in https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wtoPAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA246&dq=henry+de+Cliffe&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiCmYeJn43mAhWKT8AKHRfOCwIQ6AEIKjAA

Henry de Clyf is listed in the Lay Subsidy Roll for Beckenham in 1334 as a landowner as are the Langley family. Philipot, repeated by Hasted say that the Langley family purchased the Langley estate in 1377 so we are still looking for the documentary evidence for the lands owned by de Clyf and before him by Malmaines

1333 - Court of Chancery; Debtor John de Vienne of Beckenham, of Kent. Creditor John Jakelot, butcher of London. Amount £40. Before whom: John de Pulteney, Mayor of London, Henry de St Osyth. (National Archive).

Vienne derived from a placename in France. £40 would have been a large sum of money. We can only remain curious about the reasons for such a debt.

1334 Beckenham (all of); Lay Subsidy Roll Taxation record: This source of information may give some clues to the derivations of local names. In the list of names we find John and Ralph Stomeshulle from which could be derived Stumpshill, Cleyhurst is perhaps a basis for Clay Hill, Langel and Langele as the source of Langley and Eylmer for Elmers End, Humfray for Humphrey. Then it gets less obvious: ie Hauek for Hawk as in Hawksbrook? The Roll has 48 names for Beckenham paying a total of £7.30 in tax.

Some of the names in the Lay Subsidy Roll are mentioned in Philipot’s and Hasted’s histories, such as Bruyn and Langley. We are at the mercy of other researchers who may find and publish other records bearing in mind that information may be in old English or even Latin. (source:https://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Pub/KRV/18/3/140.htm )

Philipot had stated about Langley, the name and place: before the going out of Edward the third,(1377) I find the Propriety invested by Sale in Langley, to which Family the Foundation of that House owes in part its Original, on which they ingraffed their own Name, which hath flourished under that Title ever since, though the Family be withered away and gone, the last of which Name at this place was Ralph Langley, who with Roger Twisden, Stephen Monins, Edward Monins, John Edingham or Engham, Richard Edingham, John Berton of Cotmanton in Shouldon, John Berham, John Betenham of Shurland in Pluckley, and others, Gentlemen of prime Rank in this County, were summoned to appear before Robert Poynings and John Perry, in the twelfth year of Henry the sixth,(1434) to disclaim the Title of the House of York, and this Ralph died in the year 1451, and ordered Langley and other demeasns at Bekenham to be sold for the discharging his Debts, the purport and Effects of which Will were accordingly performed, and his Estate at Bekenham and Langley, passed away by Sale to John Violett,


1346 - Kent House: April 26.Westminster.
Enrolment of deed testifying that whereas Master Henry de Clyf, clerk, deceased, lately granted by his deed to Henry de Seccheford, now deceased, and Alice his wife to hold a messuage, 140 acres of land called Kenthouse in Beghenham, co. Kent, of him, rendering 40s. yearly to him, so that if Henry and Alice should die without an heir of their bodies, the messuage and land should remain to Hugh son of John de Balne, and Master Henry granted by his deed to Hugh the said 40s. yearly, Hugh has released to Alice, who now holds the messuage and land, the said 40s. rent and all his right and claim in the messuage and land. Witnesses: Sir Maurice le Brune, Sir William le Brune, knights, John de Huntyngfeld, Peter Godesone, Andrew de Seccheford, Hugh le Hatter of Croidon, John le Mazon of Beghenham. Dated at Beghenham on Wednesday after St. Mark, 1346.
Memorandum that Hugh came into chancery at Westminster on 27 April and acknowledged the preceding deed. (BHO)

1347 - The Black Death

Linked by Len Hevey to the decline of Beckenham Manor and possible ruin of the manor house

1356 - Foxgrove:  Bartholomew de Burgherssh, Lord Burwash dies in possession of Foxgrove and several other properties. He died on 3 August last. Bartholomew de Burgherssh, knight, his son, aged 26 years, is his heir.(Philipot). But this taken from the Feet of Fines  maybe contradicts who holds Foxgrove in 1356

Inquisition. taken at Mallyng, Monday the feast of St. Matthew, 29 Edward III.(1356) Foxgrove. The manor held of Thomas Bardolf by service of 6s. 8d. yearly, the abbot of Gaunt by service of 5s. yearly, William Bruyn, knight, by service of 56s. 6d. yearly, and of the heir of Richard le Hauk by service of 16d. yearly.

1356 - Manor of Beckenham: Sir Maurice Bruyn/Bruin, Chamberlaine to K. Edw. the third, honoured with the Summons to Parliament as Baron amongst the Peers of this Realm,who by a Right derived to him from his Mother, was possest of Beckenham Manor at his Death, in the twenty ninth of Edward the third, (1356) and transmitted a wide and spreading Revenue to his Posterity here, at Southokenden in Essex, and at Roumere in Hantshire, which last was given in Appendage to a younger Son, from whom the Bruins of Athelhampton in the County of Dorset, are lineally descended. But when after a fair continuance this Family had flourished at this Place, the Distaffe prevailed against the Speare, (female heirs only) (source: Philipot) (seen Henry Bruyn and his daughters, Alice and Elizabeth)

Recent (2020) evidence may challenge this as the 'right derived' to Beckenham Manor may be from his wife, Maude de la Rokeley according to family tree information. His mother Isolda may be of unknown family name and is said to be of the house of Queen Eleanor from another source (Victoria History/BHO/Rowner Hants) who was the mother of Maurice and not apparently from the Rokeley family.
This 1356 Post Mortem Inquisition raises a question as it says Beghenham, the manor held of the king, perhaps because the 'held of the king' passed from Philip de la Rokele  via his daughter Maude. But does not use the same phrase fors Wokyndon Rokele.

MAURICE LE BRUYN or LE BRUNE Writ, 24 March, 29 Edward III. Inq. taken at Derteforde, 27 March, 29 Edward III. Beghenham. The manor held of the king in chief by service of a knight’s fee; 100a. heath held of the abbot of Westminster by service of 20s.
He held no more lands in the county.
He died on 17 March last. William his son, aged 40 years and more, is his heir.
Writ, 24 March, 29 Edward III. Inq. taken at Wokyndon Rokele, 1 April, 29 Edward III. Wokyndon Rokele. The manor (extent given), with the advowson of the church, held for life by the law of England after the death of Maud, sometime his wife, of the inheritance of William, their son and heir, of the earl of Hereford by knight’s service.
He held no other lands &c. in the county.
Date of death and heir as above.
Writ, 24 March, 29 Edward III. Inq. taken at Suthfarham, Wednesday in Easter week, 29 Edward III. Fordyngbrigg. The manor (extent given) held of the king in chief of the honour of Camel by service of a third part of a knight’s fee.
Rowenore. The manor (extent given) held of the king in chief by service of the serjeanty of rendering 40s. yearly in the castle of Winchester.
Tycchefeld. A liberty called ‘Crofton’ within the hundred, held of the earl of Rychemond, service not known.
He died on Tuesday after St. Gregory, 29 Edward III. William le Bruyn, knight, aged 30 years and more, is his heir.
(Source BHO)

1356 was the year of the Battle of Crecy.

Undated; Aid to the Black Prince (Archaeologica Cantana) mentions Joan Rokesle and JohASSESSMENTS IN KENT Hundre^wm de.BromKegh.e et Weghenhatn (Beghenham.) De Edwardo le Blounde pro j. quaxterio j. f. qwod Johannes le Blounde tenuit in Bromeleghe de Epz'scqpo Roffensz x. s. De Thoma de Bakwelle pro vja pane j. f. quam Johannes de Bacwelle tenuit in Bromlieghe de dzcto Epz'scopo drazWa marca. De Rogero de (le) Zouge, Thoma le Zouge, A&amo le Zouge, WilleZmo Shor (Shot), et parcenanYs suis, tenentes Willefowi de Buves, pro viija parte vniws feodz q«am predz'cri tenentes WilleZmi de Bures tenueraut in BromKeglie de dz'cto Epzscopo v. s. De heredz'&ws Johanne de Rokesle et Johannis de Foxegraue pro dimidzo feodo qwod pred/cii Johanna et Johannes tenuerunt in Beghenham* . • xx. s. Swmma xlj. s. viij. d. pro j. f. et xvja partef j. f.

1358 - Beckenham Manor DocumentTranscription; (the first part gives us the name of the parson of Beckenham and indicates that several advowsons and livings from parishes or manorscould be held by one churchman)
Fine levied in the octaves of St. John the Baptist, 31 Eds.III. (1358) between William de Bruyn, Knt, and Alice his wife complainants (by Edmund Barnabe, the attorney of the said Alice), and Robert Sanlo (de Sancto Laudo), parson of beghenham, deforciant, touching the manor of  Wokyndon Rokell the advowsons of the church and chapel of the same town, and of the hospital of St. John de Broke.

Deed poll of Joan late wife of Thomas de Overton, and daughter of the late lord William Bruyn, knt, dated 20 Mar. 45 Eds. III.,(1372) releasing to Robert de Marny, knt., and his wife Alice, her (Joan’s) mother, and her (Joan’s) brothers Ingram and Richard, all claim on the manors of Southwokyndon (Essex), Bekenham (Kent), Rounore, Migham (Hants), and Randolveston (Dorset).

Fine levied in the octaves of the Purification, 50 Edw.III., (1377) between Robert de Marny, knt., and his wife Alice, Complainants, and Warren de Eyrdale and Joan his wife, deforciants, touching a messuage and lands in Stifford, and two parts of the advowson of the church of the same town.

Deed poll of Ingram Bruyn, son and heir of William Bruyn, knt., dated Tuesday next after the feast of St.John the Baptist, 1377, granting to Robert de Marny, knt., and Alice his wife (the grantor’s mother), the said manors of Southwokyndon (Essex), Bekenham (Kent), and advowson of the church of the same town, the manors of Rounor, Fordyngbrigge (Hants), and Randolveston (Dorset). [Norman].

Deed poll of Ingram Brun, dated 1 July 1377?, discharging Robert de Marny from the covenants of a certain indenture made 15 Nov., 48 Edw.III (1375) (between dame Katherine de la Pole, late wife of William de la Pole, knt., and his son Edmond de la Pole, knt., of the one part and the said Robert de Marny, knt.. of the other part.

Fine levied in the octaves of the Holy Trinity, 12 Ric. II., (1389) between the said Robert de Bourton parson of Southwokyndon, John Coly, parson of Stifford, and John Martham, parson of Bekenham, complainants, and Robert de Marny, knt., and Alice his wife, deforciants, touching the manors of Forthingbrigg and Rouenore, and lands in Forthingbrigg and Brouneandevere, and the advowson of the church of Rouenore, (Hants), the manor of Randolveston? (Dorset), and Bekenham (Kent). And the advowson of the church of the same manor.

Tripartite indenture, dated 2 Mar,. 16 Ric. II., (1393) whereby (after reciting the previous deeds, etc., as well as the death of the said John Colyn) John Martham, parson of  Bekenham, limits the manor and advowson of the church of Bekenham (Kent), and the manor of Forthingbrigge (Hants), and a toft and plough-land called Godeshull, in the town of Forthingbrigge (Hants), and the manor of Randolveston? (Dorset), to Robert de Marny, for life, with remainder to Ingram Brun in tail maile, in default to the said William de Marny, and the other remainders noticed in the preceeding deed.

Power of attorney, dated 2 March, 16 Ric.II., (1393) from the said John Martham parson of Bekenham to William Aylmar and John Payne, to deliver seizing of the lands mentioned in the preceeding deed to Robert de Marny, kt.

1360 - Beckenham Manor; Regarding Sir Robert de Marney, second husband of Alice le Lacer, widow of William Bruyn. This extract says Maurice Bruyn but I think that is an error based on other sources.

During a respite from military service, the rapacious Sir Robert set his sights on the extensive Bruyn estates. In 1360 he had obtained from Sir Maurice (William?) Bruyn and his wife, Alice, an annual rent of £40 from their manor of South Ockendon, Essex, having already acquired all their interests there and at Beckenham in Kent for a period of 15 years. Bruyn died two years later, and in 1363 Marney joined the widow in purchasing, for £200, the wardship and marriage of her son Ingram Bruyn, heir not only to the estates in Essex and Kent but also to Ranston (Dorset) and Rowner (Hampshire). He then married Alice and persuaded Ingram when he came of age in 1375 to confer on them the whole of his inheritance for term of their lives. Meanwhile, Marney had negotiated Ingram’s marriage to the elder daughter of Sir Edmund de la Pole*, brother of the future earl of Suffolk. Marney’s alliance with Alice Bruyn had also brought him very substantial properties in London and Kent which she inherited after the death of her father, Richard Lacer, a wealthy mercer and former mayor of the City. Even before her marriage to Marney, Alice had entrusted her property to his feoffees, who in 1365 assisted him to negotiate with her sister Katherine, widow of John atte Pole of Shoreditch, a partition of the Lacer estate in his favour. The Marneys sold some of these holdings in 1374 and settled a few others on Ingram Bruyn in the following year. (Source: History of Parliament, recommended read of the full article)


This is an example of the errors or mismatches in information that we have to sort through. Although the description of de Marneys activities is enlightening names do get transposed.


1361 - History of Essex/South Ockendon which features in the histories of the Bruyn and Tyrell famililes; Cal. Inq. p.m. iii, p. 163; cf. Cal. Close, 1360–4, 142: the lessee of S. Ockendon may take timber at Beckenham for the repair of S. Ockendon dwellings.


Indenture, made at London 1 December 34 Edward III, between Sir William de Brun knight and Dame Alice his wife of the one part and Richard atte Seler and John Maryns citizens of London of the other part, witnessing that Sir William and Dame Alice have granted and to farm let to Richard and John and to their assigns the manor of Southwokyndon and all other their lands in Southwokyndon co. Essex for fifteen years, rendering 60 marks a year in the church of Southwokyndon within the quinzaine of Michaelmas and the quinzaine of Easter by even portions, and at the end of that term Richard and John shall leave the houses within the close of the said manor in good repair against wind and rain; and William grants that Richard and John and their assigns may cut, lop and carry timber, wood and brushwood as much as they please in all his woods in Bekenham co. Kent when they please during all that term for all expenses to be made in regard to houses, mills, palings, bridges, hays, dikes and enclosures whatsoever in the manor and lands aforesaid and for fuel therein, and shall have ingress and egress in the said woods for that purpose, and that all costs incurred by them thereupon from Michaelmas next for one whole year shall be allowed them in their payments; William and Alice will warrant them the premises during the term aforesaid; they will not sell, alien nor charge the same or any parcel thereof to any person during that term, and if Richard and John suffer distraint by reason of any annuity or charge or for any service in arrear Sir William will within six weeks return the same and make full restitution for their damages and costs; he will not oust, impeach, damage or disturb them of their bargain; and whereas by his writing he has granted them a yearly rent of 40l. in the said manor and an annuity of 20l. in his manor of Bekenham, Richard and John grant that, if Sir William perform the covenants in this indentured contained, those annuities shall be void. French.

Memorandum of acknowledgment by the parties, 1 December.



Writing of Richard atte Seler and John Maryns spicer, citizens of London, being a grant and demise, for a sum of money in hand to them paid, to Sir Robert de Marny knight, Sir Robert de Bourton warden of the chantry of the church of Leyre Marny, Thomas de Belhous the elder of Stanewey and John de Neuport and their assigns, of all their estate in the manor of Southwokyndon and in all lands in that town, with all profits in the woods of Bekenham co. Kent and all other profits and covenants granted to the said Richard and John by a writing indented to them lately made by Sir William Brun knight and Alice his wife and enrolled in chancery, demising to them the said manor and all other lands of Sir William and Alice in that town, to hold to them and their assigns for a term of 15 years from 1 December 34 Edward III, and also granting that they and their assigns might fall and carry timber and wood as much as they pleased in all woods of Sir William in Bekenham during that term for their reprises and expenses in regard to houses, mills, palings, bridges, hedges, ditches and enclosures upon the said manor and lands, and for fuel therein, with free ingress and egress in the same woods, and other profits and conditions in the said indenture specified. Dated 6 December 34 Edward III.

Memorandum of acknowledgment, 13 February this year.

1365 -

Quitclaim
Date 24/06/1365
Description Quitclaim from Robert de Marny, Alice his wife, and Robert de Bourton, recently sacristan of the church of Canterbury, of Leyre Marny, and John atte Bregge, to Katherine, widow of John atte Pole of Shoreditch, James Walsshe, clerk, and Gilbert Neal, clerk relating to lands and tenements formerly of Richard Lacer (the older and younger) in Bromley, Beckenham, Hayes, Chislehurst and Lewisham, Kent
[2 broken seals] (source; BromleyHC

1369 - Foxgrove Enfeoffment. The Kings College Archive at Cambridge University has document from 1369 which is an enfeoffment for land including Foxgrove: Enfeoffment by Bartholomew of Burwash to Walter Parely, knight, William Steel, Wlliam de Wyndrove, clerks, Thomas Hungerford and John de Gildesburgh, of manors of Braundon (Warwickshire), Haydor (Lincolnshire), Grantchester and Barton (Cambridgeshire), Plumsted, Foxgrove, Hendon, Chedingstone (Kent), Burghersh, Byssh (Sussex), Kersatton (Surrey), Crakemersh (Staffordshire), Boxworth advowson (Leicestershire), hospital in St Peters Parva by Pouleswaif (London) and reversions of manors of Sibelithingham (Essex), Mildenhale (Wiltshire) and Bekeswell (Essex). The seal of Bartholomew of Burwash is attached. Enfeoffment is the granting of land in exchange for a pledge of service. Maybe to provide men at arms but I can only guess at the service to be provided.

174 (f.62, no.vii). Henden. 1 Feb. 1369. Charter of Bartholomew de Burgherssh granting with warranty to Walter Paveley, knight, William Steele and William Wyndesore, clerks, Thomas Hungerford and John de Gildesburgh, the manors of Brandon, Warwickshire, Haydor, Lincolnshire, Grantchester and Barton, Cambridgeshire, Plumstead, Fox Grove, Henden and Chiddingstone, Kent, Burwash, Sussex, Carshalton, Surrey, and Crakemarsh, Staffordshire, the advowson of Market Bosworth, Leicestershire, and his house in the parish of St. Peter, Paul's Wharf, in London, with the reversion of the manors of Sible Hedingham, Essex, which Walter Paveley holds for life, of Mildenhall, Wiltshire, which Thomas Hungerford holds for life, and Bexfields, Essex, which John de Gildesburgh holds for life. Witnesses: Stephen Valoignes, Lawrence Brenlee, Thomas Moriaunt and Thomas Coum (?), knights, John Colpeper, William Apulderfeld, James Pecham.

The two entries above illustrate how Foxgrove was bound up in the extended estates of its owners.

1371 - Writing of Joan who was wife of Thomas de Overton and daughter of Sir William Bruyn knight, being a quitclaim with warranty to Sir Robert de Marny knight, Dame Alice his wife mother of the said Joan, Ingelram and Richard brothers of the said Joan, and the heirs and assigns of the said Ingelram and Richard, of the manors of Southwokyndon co. Essex, Bekynham co. Kent, Rounore and Migham co. Suthampton and Randolveston co. Dorset, now held by the said Sir Robert and Alice. Witnesses: William Essex, John Sely, John Maryns, John Gravele, John Essex, Robert de Bourton parson of Southwokyndon, John de Shropham chaplain, William Mepeshale, Philip atte Bregge. Dated London, 20 March 45 Edward III. (BHO)

Robert de Marny had married the widow Alice of William Bruyn Lord of Beckenham Manor, the manor returns to Ingram/Ingelram Bruyn, presumably on Robert or Alice's death. Alice's maiden name had been le Lacer.


1372 - Beckenham (unknown) Lease for 9 years 20/09/1372 Lease from Robert de Marny, Alice his wife, Robert de Bourton, parson of South Wekyndon, and Philip atte Bregge, to Roger Prest and John Thornkyn of 2 crofts of which the west is on the London Road, Bromley by the field of the Bishop of Rochester, and a croft called the Rachel, a croft called Chellefeld, the Mellebroke, 2 crofts called Jonestone, Cilmynesbroke and a croft, and land called Mersshland, Bromley (formerly of Richard Lacer, citizen of London)
Lands of Richard Lacer in Beckenham, south of Westbregg Street, land, tenement and customs of .... [missing] Walcy, Bakeresland, and meadow in Bladyngdonemed (Bromley Collections)

1376 - 01/03/1376 Quitclaim from Ingelram Bruyn to Robert de Marny, Knight, and Alice his wife (mother of Bruyn) relating to the Manor of Beckenham, Kent and advowson of church there; manor, called Migham, of Fordingbridge, Hants; all lands and tenements formerly of William Bruyn, knight (Bruyn's father), in Brown Candover (Bromley Collections)

Quitclaim is a transfer of property and this transfers Beckenham Manor from Bruyn to de Marny. As I have said, de Marny was an avaricious individual who is described as being quite ruthless in his actions.

And this Memorandum evidences the same. 51 Edward III. Memorandum of acknowledgment, 30 June this year. Ingram Brun, son and heir of William Brun knight, to Robert Marny knight and Alice his wife, mother of the said Ingram, and to his said mother's heirs and assigns. Charter with warranty of the manor of Southwokyngdon co. Essex, the manor and advowson of Bekynham co. Kent, the manors of Rounor and Fordyngbrigge co. Suthampton and Randolveston co. Dorset. Witnesses: Ralph Seyntleger, Thomas Tyrell knights, John de Gyldesburgh, Thomas de Belhous, John Stodaye. Dated Tuesday after St. John Baptist 1377. (source BHO)


1377 - Langley purchased by the Langley family so acquiring its name. "for before the going out of Edward the third,(1377) I find the Propriety invested by Sale in Langley, to which Family the Foundation of that House owes in part its Original, on which they ingraffed their own Name, which hath flourished under that Title ever since, though the Family be withered away and gone, the last of which Name at this place was Ralph Langley, who with Roger Twisden, Stephen Monins, Edward Monins, John Edingham or Engham, Richard Edingham, John Berton of Cotmanton in Shouldon, John Berham, John Betenham of Shurland in Pluckley, and others, Gentlemen of prime Rank in this County, were summoned to appear before Robert Poynings and John Perry, in the twelfth year of Henry the sixth,(1434) to disclaim the Title of the House of York, and this Ralph died in the year 1451,(source; Philipot)

1377 - King Richard II until deposed in 1399

1381 - Sundridge and Beckenham etc; Close Rolls;
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 8 February this year.William Spenser otherwise called Forneux citizen and fishmonger of London to Andrew Pykeman citizen and fishmonger and Joan his wife, who was wife of Robert Forneux citizen and fishmonger of London, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim of the manor of Sundresshe and all other lands in Brumlegh, Beghenham, Chiselherst, Modyngham and elsewhere in Kent, with woods, rents etc., wards, marriages etc., which the grantor, John Litle late citizen and fishmonger of London, and Peter de Meldoun had by feoffment of the said Robert. Dated 1 February 4 Richard II.

1385 - Penge? the borders of Beckenham, Lewisham and Battersea meet in the general area of Penge and Kent House.

CP 25/1/289/54, number 131.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent. Surrey.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from Holy Trinity, 8 Richard [II] [11 June 1385].
Parties: Henry Vannere, citizen of London', William More, citizen of London', and John Rote, citizen of London', querents, and William de Weston' and Joan, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 200 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow and 8 acres of wood in Begenham and Leuesham in the county of Kent and 12 acres of land in Batreseye in the county of Surrey.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: William de Weston' and Joan have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Henry, as those which Henry, William More and John have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Joan to Henry, William More and John and the heirs of Henry for ever.
For this: Henry, William More and John have given them 100 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Henry Vanner, William Moore, John Root, William de Weston, Joan de Weston
Places: London, Beckenham, Lewisham, Battersea

1385 - Foxgrove; Thomas Haithorp, George de Bursalle and Thomas le Walsh sued William Burcester(d.1407) and his wife Margaret (d.1/7/1393) for the Manor of Foxgrove. Margaret had been widow of Sir Bartholomew de Burghersh (4th Lord Burghersh). The implication is that Margaret as widow of Bartholomew carried Foxgrove to the possession of William Burcester https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=8JcbV309c5UC&lpg=RA2-PA507&dq=%22elizabeth%20de%20say%22%20thomas&pg=PA369#v=onepage&q=foxgrove&f=false



1387 - 06/05/1387 Letter of attorney granted by Robert de Marny, knight, and Alice his wife, to John Coo and John Payne to deliver seisin of Robert de Bourton, parson of South Wekyndon (Ockendon), John Colyn, parson of Stifford, and John Martham, parson of Beckenham relating to the manor of Beckenham, Kent, and advowson of the church; the manor of Rovenore, Hants., and advowson of the church; the manor of Fordingbridge, Hants., with one toft and one carucate of land; the manor of Randolvestone, Dorset; one toft and one carucate of land in Brown Candover, Hants
[One seal] (Bromley HC)

1388 - National Archive; Kent House or Manor of Kenthous: Date given for return to Chancery: 25/11/1388. M.2: Extent made at West Craye, Fri. 16/10/1388 before William Guildford, Sheriff of Kent. John Leeg had on the day of the recognisance in Beckenham [Bromley and Beckenham Hundred] the manor of Kenthous worth 20s. a year after expenses and 2 services. William Brantingham had nothing in Kent.

1389 - Court of Common Pleas.Plea of Covenant; Robert de Bourton, Robert de Marny and his wife Alice  are new names related to Beckenham Manor and Church but see 1387. (source:  http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines/abstracts/CP_25_1_289_55.shtml#187

The following indicates that Robert de Bourton acquires the right of Beckenham Manor and advowson from Robert de Marny and his wife.

CP 25/1/289/55, number 187.Image of document at AALT

County: Hampshire. Dorset. Kent. Place: Westminster.

Date: One week from Holy Trinity, 12 Richard [II] [20 June 1389]. And afterwards one week from St Michael, 13 Richard [II] [6 October 1389].

Parties: Robert de Bourton', the parson of the church of Southwekyn[Ockendon], [John] Colyn, the parson of the church of Stifford', and John Martham, the parson of the church of Bekenham, querents, and Robert de Marny, knight, and Alice, his wife, [deforciants].

Property: The manors of Forthyngbrigg' and Rouenore and 2 tofts and 2 carucates of land in Forthyngbrigg' and Brouncand[ouere and] the advowson of the church of Rouenore in the county of Southampton and the manor of Randolueston' in the county of Dorset and the manor of Bekenham and the advowson of the church of the same manor in the county of Kent.

Agreement; [Robert de Marny] and Alice have acknowledged the manors, tenements and advowsons to be the right of Robert de Bourton', as those which the same Robert, John and John have of their gift, to hold to Robert de Bourton', John and John and the heirs of Robert, of the chief lords for ever.

Warranty: Warranty by Robert de Marny and Alice for themselves and the heirs of Alice.

For this: Robert de Bourton', John and John have given them 500 marks of silver.


1393 - March; John Martham, Parson of Beckenham may have been a knight and had significant influence in Beckenham and beyond at this time with the Bruyns and de Marnys.
John Martham parson of Bekenham to Robert de Marny knight and his assigns during his life, with remainder to Ingram Brun knight and the heirs male of his body, remainder to William de Marny son and heir of Robert and to the heirs male of his body, remainder to Maurice Brun knight, his heirs and assigns. Indenture tripartite of gift with warranty of the manor and advowson of Bekenham co. Kent, the manor of Forthyngbrigge co. Southampton, a toft and one carucate of land in Forthyngbrigge called 'Godeshulle,' and the manor of Randolveston co. Dorset, which by charter enrolled in chancery the said Ingram gave to the said Robert and Alice his wife, mother of the said Ingram, and to the heirs and assigns of the said Alice, and by fine levied in the king's court the said Robert and Alice gave to Robert de Bourton parson of South Wokyndoun, John Colyn parson of Styfford co. Essex and John Martham and to the heirs of Robert de Bourton, Robert de Bourton having made a quitclaim thereof to John Colyn and John Martham, their heirs and assigns, and John Colyn being dead; and covenant that Robert de Marny and his assigns may during his life without impeachment make waste in all houses, woods etc. to the premises pertaining. Dated 2 March 16 Richard II.
Memorandum
 of acknowledgment by the parties in chancery at Westminster, 2 March.

John Martham (as above) to William Aylmar and John Payn. Letter of attorney, appointing them to give Robert de Marny knight seisin of the manor and advowson of Bekenham, the manor of Forthyngbrigge, a toft and land there called Godeshulle, and the manor of Randolveston. Dated (as the last).
Memorandum
 of acknowledgment by John Martham (as above).
(source: BHO)

1399 - King Henry IV  until 1413

1399 -

CP 25/1/111/254, number 7.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from St Martin, 1 Henry [IV] [25 November 1399]. And afterwards one week from St Hilary in the same year [20 January 1400].
Parties: John N[orbu?]ry, esquire, and Pernel, his wife, querents, and Ralph de Neuyll', knight, earl of Westmorland, deforciant.
Property: 7 messuages, 280 acres of land, 8 acres of meadow, 40 acres of wood and 28 shillings of rent in Estgrenewich', Leuesham, Kettebroke, Eltham, Chesilhirst', Charleton', Bokenham and le Lee, which Hugh de Middelton' holds for life.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: The earl has acknowledged the tenements to be the right of John, and has granted for himself and his heirs that the tenements - which Hugh held for life of the inheritance of the earl in the aforesaid vills on the day the agreement was made, and which after the decease of Hugh ought to revert to the earl and his heirs - after the decease of Hugh shall remain to John and Pernel and the heirs of John, to hold of the chief lords for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: John and Pernel have given him 200 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: John Norbury, Pernel Norbury, Ralph de Neville, earl of Westmorland, Hugh de Middleton
Places: East Greenwich, Lewisham, Kidbrooke, Eltham, Chislehurst, Charlton, Beckenham, Lee

1400 - Post Mortem Inquisition at Deptford. 10 Sept. Ingram Bruyn, Knight. at the time of his death, as well as several other properties in other counties He held the manor of Beckenham with the advowson to himself and the heirs male of his body, and failing them to William Marny, knight, and his heirs male. It is held of the king in chief by knight service, annual value 10 marks.

Date of death  12th August, and heir was his son Maurice Bruin aged over 14.

(This section implies that John Martham, parson of Beckenham has some rights over Rowner manor and advowson in Hampshire) Rowner, the manor and the advowson, jointly with Elizabeth his (Ingram Bruyn's)wife, who still lives, by the grant of John Martham, parson of Beckenham in Kent, by his indenture dated 24 Feb. 1393, with remainder, in default of heirs male of Ingram to William Marny, son and heir of Robert de Marny, knight, and his heirs male. They are held of the king by a rent of 40s., annual value of the manor £10 and of the advowson when it occurs 10 marks.
Date of death and heir as above.

1400 - Foxgrove: Thomas Hakkethorp of Yorkshire to Elizabeth who was wife of Edward le Despenser. Quitclaim of the manor of Foxgrove, and of all lands, rents, services, commons etc. in Bekenham and elsewhere in Kent, Surrey and Sussex. Dated 25 May 1 Henry IV. (BHO). A quitclaim relinquishes interest in a property.

1403 - Memorandum of Acknowledgement; Beckenham but property unidentified: Stephen Brunne citizen and grocer of London, son and heir of Richard Brunne and of Cicely his wife daughter and heir of Reynold son and heir of John Julian, to Nicholas Carreu the elder esquire of Surrey, his heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of all lands, rents and services in Croydoun, Sanderstede, Micham, Begenham, Wodemersthorn, Bedyngton, Cressalton, Brystow, Hourne, Lyngefelde, Cullisdoun, Farley, Adyngton and elsewhere in Surrey sometime of the said John Julyan. Dated 6 December 5 Henry IV. (BHO)

This Richard Brunne may be a younger son of Sir William Bruyn and his brother would have been Sir Ingram Bruyn so Stephen would be the grandson of Sir William Bruyn. As the main Manor land remained intact these properties remain unidentified or it might be that as Sir Ingram Bruyn was the primary landowner he had leased it to Stephen who assigned the lease to Carreu (Carew). Carreu is a line of research. Nicholas Carew, Lord Privvy Seal (d.1390) for Henry IV can be found on Wikipedia and his heir also named Nicholas is probably the one in question here. The Carreus held sway over large areas of Kent/Surrey so would have had several tenants and sub-tenants. The mention of Farley and Adyngton (Farleigh and Addington) will arise later when John Cator buys land which passed through the Leigh family and Trecothicks. The Carreus also held Battersea which would come into the ownership of the St.Johns as would Beckenham Manor in the mid 17th century.

See the entry under 1422 when Carreu assigns his property including Bekyngham to others.


1407 - Writ 20 Sept. 1407. Post Mortem Inquisition. Deptford. 21 Sept. ELIZABETH WIDOW OF INGRAM BRUYN, KNIGHT
She held in dower of the king in chief by knight service after the death of Ingram her husband a third part of the manor of Beckenham of the inheritance of Maurice Bruyn, his son and heir, annual value 40s.
She died on 14 Dec. 1405. Maurice was aged 21 years on 14 Sept. last. William Marny, knight, has held and taken the profits since her death, title unknown. (BHO)
William de Marny was a step-brother-inlaw of Elizabeth Bruyn. Her maiden name was de la Pole.
She also held for life the manor of Rowner with the advowson by the grant of John Marcham, parson of Beckenham, to Ingram Bruyn, Elizabeth herself and his heirs male, with remainder to Maurice Bruyn. It is held of the king by a rent of 40s., annual value £10, and the advowson when it occurs 10 marks.
This last sentence provides the name of the parson of Beckenham at this time.
192 INGRAM BRUYN, KNIGHT
Writ, plura, 14 Sept. 1407.
ESSEX. Inquisition. Brentwood. 22 Sept.
He held the manor of South Ockendon with the advowson in fee tail to himself and his heirs male, with successive remainders in default of such heirs to William Marny, knight, and his heirs male, and Maurice Bruyn, knight, and his heirs male. It is held of the countess of Hereford by knight service, annual value £40. The countess is holding it until the full age of the heir in virtue of royal letters patent [CFR 1399–1405, p.74].
He also held 2 a. in Stifford with the advowson, which were not mentioned in the former inquisition [CIPM XVIII, no.93]. Of whom and by what service they are held, and the annual value are unknown. William Marny, knight, has occupied them and taken the profits, title unknown.
He died on 12 Aug. 1400. Maurice Bruyn, esquire, his son and next heir, was aged 21 years and more on 14 Sept. last.
C 137/59, no.52
193 ELIZABETH WIDOW OF INGRAM BRUYN, KNIGHT
Writ 20 Sept. 1407.
KENT. Inquisition. Deptford. 21 Sept.
She held in dower of the king in chief by knight service after the death of Ingram her husband a third part of the manor of Beckenham of the inheritance of Maurice Bruyn, his son and heir, annual value 40s.
She died on 14 Dec. 1405. Maurice was aged 21 years on 14 Sept. last. William Marny, knight, has held and taken the profits since her death, title unknown.


1413 - King Henry V until 1422

1422 - Memorandum of acknowledgment in chancery at Westminster, 13 February.Nicholas Carreu of Bedyngton co. Surrey esquire to Roger Heroun, John Brymmesgrove clerks, John Martyn, John Cornwaleys, Thomas Hayton, John Gaynesforde and Thomas Herynge, their heirs and assigns. Charter with warranty of the manors of Maythamme and Malmaynes co. Kent with the advowson of the chantry of Malmaynes, and all other his lands, rents, services, heriots, reliefs, suits of court, ways, paths, rights etc. in the towns or parishes of Rolvynden, Smalehythe, Newynden, Losynham, 'Stoke in le Hoo,' Alhalwyn, Ryersshe, Byrelynge, Mallynge, Offham and Bekynham. Witnesses: Edward Guldeforde, Thomas Anger, John Bytlysden, John Sprake, John Peny, John Halle, Thomas Norice. Dated Stoke, Sunday before Allhallows 9 Henry V. (BHO)

1422 - King Henry VI until 1461 deposed in Wars of the Roses

1437 - Court of Common Pleas records. It is tempting to believe this may relate to what became Woolsey's Farm at Clay Hill. (subject to proof)
CP 25/1/115/311, number 439.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One week from Holy Trinity, 15 Henry VI [2 June 1437].
Parties: William Wolcy, querent, and John Langwyth' and Ellen, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 40 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow, 20 acres of wood and 11 pence of rent in Bekynham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: John and Ellen have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of William, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Ellen to him and his heirs for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: William has given them 40 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: William Wolsey, John Langwith, Ellen Langwith
Places: Beckenham


1437 -

CP 25/1/115/312, number 461.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One week from the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 15 Henry VI [9 February 1437]. And afterwards two weeks from Easter, 16 Henry VI [27 April 1438].
Parties: William Twyford', querent, and John Longe of Bekenham and Lucy, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 18 acres of land, 3 acres of wood and a moiety of 1 acre of meadow in Westram.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: John and Lucy have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of William, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Lucy to him and his heirs for ever.
For this: William has given them 20 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: William Twyford, John Long, Lucy Long
Places: Beckenham, Westerham

1439 - Court of Common Pleas, property to be identified.

CP 25/1/115/313, number 479.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from St Hilary, 17 Henry VI [27 January 1439].
Parties: John Langwyth', Thomas Peny and Otes (Oto) Trethek', querents, and William Waleys of London', skinner, and Katherine, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 1 toft, 40 acres of land, 1 acre of meadow, 100 acres of wood and 20 shillings of rent in Bekenham, Hese, Bromley, Leuesham and Wykham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: William and Katherine have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of John, as those which John, Thomas and Otes have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Katherine to John, Thomas and Otes and the heirs of John for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: John, Thomas and Otes have given them 100 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: John Langwith, Thomas Penny, Otes Trethick, William Wales, Katherine Wales
Places: London, Beckenham, Hayes, Bromley, Lewisham, East Wickham (or West Wickham)


1439 - Memorandums of acknowledgment. (Quitclaim and Charter of Demise) Lands acquired by Nicholas Carreu first mentioned in 1403 and 1422. As the lands encompassed Beckenham, Bromley, Lewisham, Chiselhursh and Hayes either Foxgrove or Langley may be included. But this is quesswork at present.

Thomas Panter, Stephen Proctour clerk, George Boys, John Rose and Robert Blundell to John Stanlow, Margaret his wife, John Brokley citizen and alderman of London, Thomas de Haydoke, John de Wode citizen and mercer of London, Thomas Quyne and John Deleawe, and to the heirs and assigns of the said John Stanlow and Margaret. Charter of demise of all the lands, rents and services, woods etc. in Bromlegh, Bekenham, Leuesham, Cheselhurst and Hese which the grantors had by demise and feoffment of Mercy who was wife of Nicholas Carreu, Thomas Lewkenore knight, William Selman, Henry Severe clerk, Thomas Heryng and John Bourneforde, and of a parcel of land at Sparowe in the parish of Orpyngton containing 16 acres called 'Sharpeslonde' with the wood growing thereupon. Witnesses: Reynold Cobham, Thomas Keriell knights, Richard Wodevile esquire, William Garnet, Robert Mirfyn, Nicholas Sibyle, John Fereby, Roger Appulton, Thomas Couper. Dated Bromlegh, 4 May 17 Henry VI. (BHO)

Thomas Panter, Stephen Proctour clerk, George Boys, John Rose and Robert Blundell to John Stanlow and Margaret his wife, John Brokley citizen and alderman of London, Thomas de Haydok, John de Wode citizen and mercer of London, Thomas Quyne and John Deleawe, and to the heirs and assigns of the said John Stanlow and Margaret. Quitclaim of all the lands, rents and services, woods etc. in Bromley, Bekenham, Leuesham, Cheselhurst and Hese which Thomas Panter and the others had by feoffment of Mercy who was wife of Nicholas Carreu, Thomas Lewkenore knight, William Selman, Henry Severe clerk, Thomas Heryng and John Bourneford, and of a parcel of land at Sparowe in the parish of Orpyngton called 'Sharpeslonde' containing 16 acres, with the wood growing thereupon. Witnesses: Reynold Cobham, Thomas Keriell knights, Richard Wodevyle esquire, William Garnet, Robert Mirfyn, Nicholas Sibyle, John Fereby, Roger Appulton, Thomas Couper. Dated 7 May 17 Henry VI.

Thomas Leukenore knight to John Stanlowe, Margaret his wife, John Brokley citizen and alderman of London, Thomas de Haydoke, John de Wode citizen and mercer of London, Thomas Quyne and John Deleawe and to the heirs and assigns of John Stanlowe and Margaret. Quitclaim of all the lands, rents and services, woods etc. in Bromlegh, Bekenham, Leuesham, Cheselhurst and Hese which Mercy who was wife of Nicholas Carreu, William Selman, Henry Severe clerk, Thomas Heryng, John Bourneford and Thomas Leukenore, with John Hale and John Perueys both now deceased, had by demise and feoffment of John Fray, Henry Frowyk, Robert Otteley, Miles Skulle, John Abbot, Thomas Catworth, Everard Flete, John Grace, John atte Legh and Richard Billyngburgh, and of a parcel of land at Sparowe in the parish of Orpyngton called 'Sharpeslond' containing 16 acres with the wood growing thereupon. Witnesses: Reynold Cobham, Thomas Keriell knights, Richard Wodevile esquire, William Garnet, Robert Mirfyn, Nicholas Sybyle, John Fereby, Roger Appulton, Thomas Couper. Dated 3 June 17 Henry VI.

Mercy late the wife of Nicholas Carreu widow, Thomas Lewkenore knight, Henry Severe clerk, William Selman, Thomas Heryng and John Bornefforde to Thomas Pantere, Stephen Proctour clerk, George Boys, John Rose and Robert Bloundell of Bromlegh co. Kent, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim of all the lands, rents, services, woods etc. in Bromley, Bekynham, Leuesham, Chisilhurst, Hese and Orpyngton co. Kent, which they had by charter of feoffment of the said Mercy and the others. Dated 15 October 17 Henry VI.

source; BHO

This last one assigning the land to Thomas Pantere etc.

1449 -

CP 25/1/116/322, number 713.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: The day after the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 27 Henry VI [3 February 1449].
Parties: Philip Alisaunder, querent, and Peter Napper and Joan, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 2 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow in Bekenham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Peter and Joan have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Philip, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Joan to him and his heirs for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: Philip has given them 20 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Philip Alexander, Peter Napper, Joan Napper
Places: Beckenham

1450 - A roll containing pardons for the followers of Jack Cade includes 22 men  from the Parish of Beckenham, including Robert Langley, Richard Langley and Robert Pain, the latter being the constable of Beckenham. This Richard Langley  or Langle was probably the son of Ralph Langle of Beckenham who bequeathed by his will of 1453 proved at Rochester 3s and 4d to the new bells of Beckenham church. (source Robert Borrowman)

1451 - Ralph Langley of Langley died in the year 1451, and ordered Langley and other demeasns at Bekenham to be sold for the discharging his Debts, the purport and Effects of which Will were accordingly performed, and his Estate at Bekenham and Langley, passed away by Sale to John Violett, whose Successors enjoyed it until the Be∣ginning of Henry. the eighth,(1509) and then it was conveyed to John Stiles Esq; who much inlarged the House with a supply of Buildings, and from him is it by Descent devolved to be the instant Possession of his Successor Sir Humphrey Stiles Knight and Baronet.(d1552)

Philipot had stated about Langley: "the name and place: before the going out of Edward the third,(1377) I find the Propriety invested by Sale in Langley, to which Family the Foundation of that House owes in part its Original, on which they ingraffed their own Name, which hath flourished under that Title ever since, though the Family be withered away and gone, the last of which Name at this place was Ralph Langley, who with Roger Twisden, Stephen Monins, Edward Monins, John Edingham or Engham, Richard Edingham, John Berton of Cotmanton in Shouldon, John Berham, John Betenham of Shurland in Pluckley, and others, Gentlemen of prime Rank in this County, were summoned to appear before Robert Poynings and John Perry, in the twelfth year of Henry the sixth,(1434) to disclaim the Title of the House of York, and this Ralph died in the year 1451, and ordered Langley and other demeasns at Bekenham to be sold for the discharging his Debts, the purport and Effects of which Will were accordingly performed, and his Estate at Bekenham and Langley, passed away by Sale to John Violett,"

The family name of Langley appears in the 1434 Lay Subsidy Roll which is before the 1377 date which Philipot states and whether the family had not acquired the "Langley" estate until 1377 remains a question.

1453 -

CP 25/1/293/72, number 376.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Surrey. Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from Easter, 31 Henry VI [15 April 1453].
Parties: Richard Neder, querent, and William Humfrey and Joan, his wife, deforciants.
Property: A moiety of 4 acres of land in Croydon' in the county of Surrey and a moiety of 2 messuages, of 32 acres of land, of 6 acres of meadow and of 8 acres of wood in Bekenham in the county of Kent.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: William and Joan have acknowledged the moieties to be the right of Richard, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Joan to him and his heirs for ever.
For this: Richard has given them 20 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Richard Needer, William Humphrey, Joan Humphrey
Places: Croydon, Beckenham


CP 25/1/293/72, number 376.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Surrey. Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from Easter, 31 Henry VI [15 April 1453].
Parties: Richard Neder, querent, and William Humfrey and Joan, his wife, deforciants.
Property: A moiety of 4 acres of land in Croydon' in the county of Surrey and a moiety of 2 messuages, of 32 acres of land, of 6 acres of meadow and of 8 acres of wood in Bekenham in the county of Kent.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: William and Joan have acknowledged the moieties to be the right of Richard, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Joan to him and his heirs for ever.
For this: Richard has given them 20 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Richard Needer, William Humphrey, Joan Humphrey
Places: Croydon, Beckenham
 
CP 25/1/293/72, number 377.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent. Surrey.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One month from Easter, 31 Henry VI [29 April 1453].
Parties: Robert Payn' of Bekenham and Isolt, his wife, and John Chapman, querents, and Philip Rough'hede and Agnes, his wife, deforciants.
Property: A moiety of 2 messuages, of 32 acres of land, of 6 acres of meadow and of 8 acres of wood in Bekenham in the county of Kent and a moiety of 4 acres of land in Croydon' in the county of Surrey.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Philip and Agnes have acknowledged the moieties to be the right of John, as those which John, Robert and Isolt have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Agnes to Robert and Isolt and John and the heirs of John for ever.
For this: Robert and Isolt and John have given them 10 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Robert Payne, Isolt Payne, John Chapman, Philip Roughead, Agnes Roughead
Places: Beckenham, Croydon

CP 25/1/293/72, number 381.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Surrey. Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One week from St Michael, 32 Henry VI [6 October 1453].
Parties: Simon Terry, querent, and Nicholas Mason' and Ellen, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 10 acres of land in Bokenham in the county of Surrey and 1 messuage and 10 acres of land in Batersey in the county of Kent.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Nicholas and Ellen have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Simon, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Ellen to him and his heirs for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: Simon has given them 20 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Simon Terry, Nicholas Mason, Ellen Mason
Places: Beckenham (in Kent), Battersea (in Surrey)

1455 / 1487 The Wars of the Roses, main period although some conflict outside of this period

1456 - Katherine heir of Richard Shotte conveyed lands in Beckenham, Wickham & Hayes to John Hever[1]. Later in    1472[2] 1485[3]1495[4]Memorandum of acknowledgment, 4 February.


1457/8 - Probate of will of William Plegge, of Beckenham with bequest of 20 shillings to his daughter, Elinor when she becomes of marriageable age. Will: 16 November 1457, codicil: 20 November 1457, probate:18 March 1458.In the event of her death before this time the money to remain with his sons John and William. Bequests of land to his sons and his brother John Plegge (field names; Tomsowtravis, Sunteriscrofte, Nether Somerfeld, Thoambrooke, Suthereden, Jennycokkescrofte) The will is in the vernacular the codicil in Latin, by which he appoints his wife Agnes and brother John, executors (BHC) (adjoining Crouch Oak)

1461 - King Edward IV until 1483 (see March, Battle of Towton)

1461 Beckenham Manor described by Philipot and Hasted: Death of Sir Henry Bruin of South Ockenden and Beckenham Manor, his two Daughters and Coheirs about the Beginning of Edward the fourth,(1461) divided his Inheritance, each of them having a first and second Husband:(Philipot). Hasted lists three husbands each as do some modern chroniclers.

Alice the eldest was first married to Robert Harleston of Essex Esquire, and after to Sir Thomas Heveningham; and Hasted adds William Berners.

Elizabeth second Daughter was wedded first to Thomas Tirrell of Heron in Essex Esquire, and after his Decease to Sir William Brandon Knight, who was Standard-bearer to Henry the seventh at Bosworth Field, (1485) where he was stain in asserting his Cause and Quarrel against Richard the third, and he had Issue by her Sir Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk, the Flower and perfection of English Chivalrie in his Time, who sometimes kept his Residence at this place, (not as Proprietarie, but onely as Lessee, for the Sole Inheritance upon the Division of Bruin's Estate accrued to Tirrell;). Hasted lists William Mallory, Brandon then Tirrell (of Herne) but later chroniclers have Tirrell, Brandon and Mallory. Tirrell has also been spelt Tyrrel and the History of Essex by Thomas Wright is a source of their lineage.

1461 - Beckenham Manor, death of Henry Bruyn: Transcription of a A writ of diem clausit extremum dated 15 Feb.,1 Edw. IV. : from a 1486 Inspeximus seemingly at the widowhood of Elizabeth Brandon nee Bruyn.
Inspeximus and exemplification, at the instance of Elizabeth Brandon, widow, of the following documents:—(l.) A writ of diem clausit extremum dated 15 Feb.,1 Edw. IV (1461). (Inq. 1 Edw. IV. No. 27), directed to John Grene, escheator of Kent, upon the death of Henry Bruyn, Knt. (2.) An inquisition taken thereupon at Bromley, co. Kent, on Saturday, 20 Feb, 1 Edw. IV.,before John Grene, the escheator, by the oaths of Richard Nether, Thomas Dawe, John Mydday, Wlliam Myddey, John Plegge, John Yorke, Henry Lapworth,Thomas Bedyll, Henry Violet, Robert Blundell, Simon Kechill, and Robert Thorp, setting forth that Henry Bruyn, knt., was seized of the manor of Beckenham, alias Beghenham (fully described), with the advowson of the church thereof, held of the Crown in capite, by the service of one knights fee; and that he died 30 Nov.last; and that Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Tyrell, esq.,aged 17 years, and Alice, wife of John Berners, aged 19 years, are his daughters and heirs. (3.) A writ of diem clausit extremum dated 18 March, 13 Edw. IV.(1474) (Inq. 13 Edw. IV. No. 59), directed to John Brode,escheator of Kent, upon the death of Alice, wife of John Hevenyngham, knt. (4.) An inquisition taken thereupon at Bromlegh, co. Kent, 11 Nov, 13 Edw. IV., before John Brode, the elder, the escheator, by the oaths of John Kyere, Thomas Kyng, Simon Keehill, Henry Violet, Alexander Curteys, Stephen Kete, John Plegge, Robert Humfrey, Philip Alexander, Robert Pope, John Dare Taillour, William Bradfote, and Richard Kyng, setting forth that Alice Hevenyngham was seized of the moiety of the manor of Beghenham, and the moiety of the advowson of the church thereof, held of the Crown in capite, by the service of one fourth part of a knights fee, and married successively John Berners, esq. (by whom she had issue John Berners), Robert Harleston esq. (by whom she had likewise issue), and John Hevenyngham,knt. (by whom she had issue George Hevenyngham),and that she died 15 Feb., 12 Edw. IV.;(1473) and that the said John Hevenyngham now holds the premises; and that the before-mentioned John Berners is her son and next heir, and is of the age of 10 years. Pat. p. 3. m. 5 (23).

The sections above related to Alice and Elizabeth, their marriages, deaths and heirs should be in later timeline milestones but here they help to understand the descent of Beckenham Manor from the Bruyns to the Tyrells via Elizabeth and to Heveningham via Alice.

1461 - 29th March; Battle of Towton, Wars of the Roses; A victory for the Yorkists. Edward IV displaced Henry VI

Some time before 4 November 1474/1475 Brandon married Elizabeth Bruyn, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Henry Bruyn of South OckendonEssex, and his wife Elizabeth Darcy. Himself the son of Sir Maurice Bruyn. She was the widow of Thomas Tyrrell of Heron, Essex, whom she had married before 17 February 1461/1462, and who died after 3 July 1471, c. 13 October 1473, of the City of London, of Beckenham, Kent and of South OckendonEssex. She was a granddaughter of Sir Maurice Bruyn (d. 1466), and daughter and co-heiress of Sir Henry Bruyn (d. 1461) by Elizabeth Darcy (died c. 1471), daughter of Sir Robert Darcy of Maldon, Essex. On her father's side Elizabeth Bruyn was descended from Sir William le Brune, Knight Chamberlain to King Edward I. After William Brandon's death at the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August 1485, she married William Mallory or Mallery, Esq., whom she survived. She died 7 or 26 March 1493/1494.


This legend from the 1623 Beckenham Manor Map, copied in 1768, shows the almost identical acreages of the two halves of Beckenham Manor (467 against 469 acres) and the part which is later leased separately, see 1623

1466 - Court of Common Pleas, property to be identified.

CP 25/1/294/74, number 33.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent. Surrey.
Place: Westminster.
Date: The day after the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 5 Edward IV [3 February 1466].
Parties: Thomas Wareham and William Nele, clerk, querents, and John Massam and Margery, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage and 12 acres of land in Bekenham in the county of Kent and 2 messuages, 24 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow and 3 acres of wood in Peynge in the parish of Batersey in the county of Surrey.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: John and Margery have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Thomas, as those which Thomas and William have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Margery to Thomas and William and the heirs of Thomas for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: Thomas and William have given them 60 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Thomas Wareham, William Neal, John Massam, Margery Massam
Places: Beckenham, Penge (in Battersea)

1466 - Pickhurst Green mentioned in this inquisition; Katherine Shotte, daughter and heir of Richard Shotte, to John Hever, John Kechell and Richard Alyn, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of a messuage with curtilage and garden in the parish of Hese (Hayes) co. Kent between land of Simon Kechell on the north and west, land of the heirs of Thomas Frensshe on the south and a common pasture called 'Pykherst grene' on the east, of four fields called 'Menefeld, Mapull croft, Frithfeld and Litill Frithfeld,' and a grove of wood called 'Menefeldes grove' lying together there between land of Richard Shotte of Hese and the heirs of John Lambe on the north, of Simon Kechell on the south, William Frensshe and John Chapman of Bekenham on the east, and a wood called 'Wykham Frith' on the west, and of a croft called 'Solefelde' there between land of John Broun on the north, 'Solelane' on the south and east, and land of John Hever on the west. Dated 4 February, 5 Edward IV. (source: BHO) One of many connections with surrounding areas such as Hayes and West Wickham. Lysons mentions the supposed manors of Pickhurst or Heaver(Hever) in Hayes.

1469 - Court of Common Pleas, to be identified, John Atte Lygh possibly of the Leighs of Addington adjacent to West Wickham

CP 25/1/117/334, number 110.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One week from St John the Baptist, 9 Edward IV [1 July 1469].
Parties: Ambrose Cresacre, Roger Copley and John Atte Lygh', querents, and James Crovmere, esquire, and Katherine, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 140 acres of wood in Westwykham and Bekynham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: James and Katherine have acknowledged the wood to be the right of Ambrose, as that which Ambrose, Roger and John have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed it from themselves and the heirs of Katherine to Ambrose, Roger and John and the heirs of Ambrose for ever.
Warranty: Warranty against George, abbot of Westminster, and his successors.
For this: Ambrose, Roger and John have given them 100 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Ambrose Cresacre, Roger Copley, John Atte Leigh, James Cromer, Katherine Cromer
Places: West Wickham, Beckenham

1469 - The Forsters were of Southend, Lewisham  until the 20th Century,  it is tempting to believe this may be related to Southend. (Court of Common Pleas)

CP 25/1/117/334, number 109.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One week from Holy Trinity, 9 Edward IV [4 June 1469].
Parties: John Forster and Philip Agmondesham, querents, and Richard Forster and Isabel, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 4 messuages, 3 carucates of land, 30 acres of meadow, 300 acres of wood and 40 shillings of rent and a rent of 2 ounces of pepper, 2 hens and 3 chickens in Leuesham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Richard and Isabel have acknowledged the tenements and rents to be the right of John, as those which John and Philip have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Isabel to John and Philip and the heirs of John for ever.
Warranty: Warranty against Walter, abbot of the monastery of St Augustine, Bristol, and his successors.
For this: John and Philip have given them 200 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: John Forster, Philip Amersham, Richard Forster, Isabel Forster
Places: Lewisham

1469 - Lease and counterpart from Thomas Tyrell, of Beckenham, Kent, and Elizabeth, his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Henry Bruyn, knight to Robert Harleston, of Suffolk of half the manor of Beckenham, Kent [One seal on each] (Bromley Collections)


1484 - catalogue item1472 - Harleian Manuscripts, British Museum. Licence for Sir John Hynyngham to enter the Manor of Bekyngham

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=PaRJAAAAcAAJ&lpg=PA283&dq=hynyngham%20bekyngham&pg=PA283#v=onepage&q=hynyngham%20bekyngham&f=false


1473 - see 1466, this is related to John Hever. C. 5019. Grant by John Hever of Hese, Simon Shotte of Bromelegh, the elder, and William Cowper of Downe to Isabel Smyzthe late the wife of John Smyzthe of Downe of all those lands and tenements with all their appurtenances (sic) except a croft of land called 'Belysland' with six other parcels of land lying dispersed in a place called 'le Hilde,' and also another parcel of wood called 'Poke Grove'; to hold to her for life, with remainder to them, their heirs and assigns, for sale, the money therefrom to be disposed according to the intent of the last will of the said John Smyzthe. Downe, 14 June, 12 Edward IV. Fragments of seals.

1473 - Death of Alice Bruyn (married to 3rd husband John Heveningham.)

1474 (see also 1461) - Beckenham Manor relevant to division between Alice and Elizabeth Bruyn and their heirs. A writ of diem clausit extremum dated 18 March, 13 Edw. IV.(1474) (Inq. 13 Edw. IV. No. 59), directed to John Brode,escheator of Kent, upon the death of Alice, wife of John Hevenyngham, knt. (4.) An inquisition taken thereupon at Bromlegh, co. Kent, 11 Nov, 13 Edw. IV., before John Brode, the elder, the escheator, by the oaths of John Kyere, Thomas Kyng, Simon Keehill, Henry Violet, Alexander Curteys, Stephen Kete, John Plegge, Robert Humfrey, Philip Alexander, Robert Pope, John Dare Taillour, William Bradfote, and Richard Kyng, setting forth that Alice Hevenyngham was seized of the moiety of the manor of Beghenham, and the moiety of the advowson of the church thereof, held of the Crown in capite, by the service of one fourth part of a knights fee, and married successively John Berners, esq. (by whom she had issue John Berners), Robert Harleston esq. (by whom she had likewise issue), and John Hevenyngham,knt. (by whom she had issue George Hevenyngham),and that she died 15 Feb., 12 Edw. IV.;(1473) and that the said John Hevenyngham now holds the premises; and that the before-mentioned John Berners is her son and next heir, and is of the age of 10 years. Pat. p. 3. m. 5 (23).

1478 - Post Mortem Inquisition: Walter Fitz dies possessed of parts of Foxgrove Manor and Beckenham Manor , but seemingly under some 'lease at will' arrangement for rent from Terell and Grene? Writ 29 November, inquisition 2 February, 21 Henry VII. (source: BHO)

Roger Fitz was seised in fee of the under-mentioned lands &c. in Leuesham and Bekenham, and by his charter indented dated at Leuesham, 20 March, 19 Henry VII, gave them to Peter Bevyll, Roger Holand, William Honychurch, Thomas Ifley, George Harvy, Robert Morley and William Morley, who survive, and the said Walter Fitz, since deceased, and their heirs, to the use of Isabel, his wife, now wife of William Atclyff, for life, and after her death to the use of himself and his heirs. Afterwards, to wit, on 28 March, 19 Henry VII, the said Roger by his last will willed that after the death of Isabel the said Peter Bevyll and the others should stand enfeoffed of the said lands &c. to the use of the said Walter, his brother, and the heirs male of his body, and in default of such heirs male to the use of himself, the said Roger and his heirs.
Walter died 3 June last, seised of the other under-mentioned lands &c. in fee tail, to wit, to himself and the heirs of his body. John Fitz, aged 9 years and more, is his son and sole next heir.

Manor of Rydley, and 100a. land, 20a. wood and 40s. rent in Rydley and Asshe, worth 5l., held of the abbot of the monastery of St. Mary of Graces beside the Tower of London, in right of his church, by service of half a knight’s fee and 33s. 4d. rent yearly.
A messuage and 100a. land in Perystrete in the parish of Northflete, worth 100s., and a messuage, 11a. land and 2a. moor in Bowrestrete in the same parish, worth 14s., held in ‘gavelkend’ of the archbishop of Canterbury by fealty and 33s. 4d. rent.
A messuage, 40a. land, 6a. meadow and 6a. wood in Estgrenewiche, worth 40s., held of the prior of the house of Jesus of Shene, co. Surrey, by fealty and other services or rents unknown.
12 messuages, 200a. pasture, 300a. meadow and 400a. wood in Leuesham and Bekenham, worth 40 marks, held as to the messuages &c. in Leuesham of the said prior of Shene and Thomas, marquess of Dorset, by fealty and 8s. rent, and as to the messuages &c. in Bekenham of William Terell, as of his manor of Bekenham, and Thomas Grene, knight, as of his manor of Foxgroves in Bekenham, by 7s. rent.


1479circa – William Brograve of Kelseys in possession of lands around Kelsey in Beckenham.

1481 - Court of Common Pleas, land and people to be identified but on the Bromley/Beckenham border

CP 25/1/117/340, number 266.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One month from Easter, 21 Edward IV [20 May 1481].
Parties: Robert Shotte, querent, and Thomas Whyte and Agnes, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 28 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow and 8 acres of wood in Bromlegh' and Bekenham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Thomas and Agnes have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Robert, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Agnes to him and his heirs for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: Robert has given them 20 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Robert Shott, Thomas White, Agnes White
Places: Bromley, Beckenham

1483 - King Richard III until 1485

Richard had seized the throne and is suspected of murdering the Princes in the Tower.  The feeling that he was not entitled to the crown led to conflict between him and the supporters of Henry Tudor. This turmoil affected local affairs as the owners of estates either fell foul or gained favour with Richard and subsequently Henry VII after the Battle of Bosworth where Richard was killed. Richard had killed William Brandon, Henry Tudor's standard bearer, who was second husband of Elizabeth Bruyn, heiress to one half of Beckenham Manor. William Brandon had been attained for treason by Richard as a rebel and his lands were forfeit. As he had siezed them by being Elizabeth Bruyn's second husband they were returned to Tyrell. Brandon had also siezed Elizebeth's sister Alice's moieties of property probably on the basis that Elizabeth was the surviving sister. Alice's moieties were returned to her husband John Heveningham.

1484 - catalogue item1472 - Harleian Manuscripts, British Museum. Licence for Sir John Hynyngham to enter the Manor of Bekyngham

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=PaRJAAAAcAAJ&lpg=PA283&dq=hynyngham%20bekyngham&pg=PA283#v=onepage&q=hynyngham%20bekyngham&f=false

1484 - Beckenham Manor;  Patent Rolls Richard III May 27th; 

Restitution to John Henyngham (Heveningham),  knt, of his estate as tenant for life in the moiety of the undermentioned manor...(though relevant to Southwokynton the same applies to Beckenham having been also a moiety belonging to Alice and Henyngham (Heveningham)). Note the 'unjustly expelled' comment. To this day people take sides with either Richard III or Henry Tudor (VII).  So the story may be biased one way or the other.

May 27. Whereas by an act in Parliament at Westminster, 28 January,

 624 CALENDAR OF PATENT ROLL j^gg Membrane 22 — cant.

Westminster. 1 Richard HI, it was ordained that William Brandon, esquire, should forfeit all the possessions which he held on 18 October then last past, and by an inquisition taken at Brendewode, co. Essex, on 80 September, 2 Richard III, before Thomas Lynam, then escheator, by virtue of his office, it was found that Philippa, late duchess of York and lady of the Isle of Wight, was seised of the manor of South Wokyngton, co. Essex, with the advowson of the church of South wokyngton, and two acres of land in Stifford, CO. Essex, with the advowson of the church of that town pertaining thereto in her demesne as of fee and granted the same to MauriceBruyn, knight, and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies with remainder to the right heirs of Maurice, and the said Maurice and Elizabeth were accordingly seised of the premises in their demesne as of fee tail and on their death the premises descended to Alice and Elizabeth Bruyn as their kinswomen and heirs, viz. daughters and heirs of Henry Bruyn

their son and heir, and these accordingly entered into the premises and were seised of the same in their demesne as of fee tail and Alice married

John Henyngham, knight, and Elizabeth married the said William Brandon, and the said John and Alice had issue George and afterwards Alice died,

and after her death the said John as tenant by the law of England and the said William and Ehzabeth were seised of the premises until the said William

expelled and unjustly disseised the said John and on 28 October, 1 Richard III, was seised of one part of the premises in his demesne as of fee and of the

other part in the right of the said Elizabeth his wife, and accordingly

the premises were taken into the king's hands and are still in his hands ;

the king hereby restores to the said John Henyngham his moiety of the

premises and grants the other moiety to him and his assigns for the life

of the said William Brandon to the use of Edmund Shaa, knight, Thomas

Tyrell, esquire of the body, Richard Fitslowes and Humphrey Tyrell,

esquire, by fealty, and grants to him the issues of the manor and two acres

from Easter last during the life of the said William. By p.s.

1484 – The Manor of Foxgrove is mentioned in Records of the Exchequer at the National Archive, Kew. Parties: Richard Middelton, Esq., Lady Maud Grene his wife, and Thomas Grene, Esq & Margaret Kyng, widow, farmer of the manor of Foxgrove in Beckenham; Place or Subject: The manor of Foxgrove in Beckenham (Bekenham), [Receipt]. County: Kent

The Grenes have some importance in the early history of Foxgrove as one member of the family appears in legal documents as escheator or sheriff. But their family tree is difficult or impossible to trace and they disappear from records. Several Greens are buried in St. George's from 1710 but not necessarily the same family. One Thomas Green was attained for treason

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jBBJAAAAcAAJ&lpg=PA337&dq=dymmok%20kyngson&pg=PA337#v=onepage&q=grene&f=false

The above link for Ancient Charters and Instruments describes Thomas Grene, son of Sir Thomas Grene arranging rents from Foxgrove Manor to Thomas Kyngson and Andrew Dymmok for their services in  recovering  other property in the Manor of Berghershe and appurtenences in Plumstead. 


1485 - This link contains details regarding the dealings between the husbands of Alice and Elizabeth Bruyn over their inherited estates. Upon Alice's death the 2nd husband of Elizabeth, William Brandon, seized the half belonging to Alice's widower, Heveningham/Henyngham. The report says that all property was repossessed by the crown and some restitution was made returning property to Heveningham. Complex in that the estates ranged fromn Essex, Kent, Hampshire etc. Also, Brandon had been attained for treason by Richard III as Brandon was a supporter of Henry Tudor who would become Henry VII after the Battle of Bosworth shortly afterwards. Subsequent hearings under Henry VII it would seem took back half of the Manor of Beckenham from Heveningham to Elizabeth's son and heir by Tyrell, her first husband. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=qDxKAQAAMAAJ&lpg=RA8-PA128&dq=%22thomas%20tyrell%22%20bruyn&pg=RA8-PA132#v=snippet&q=henyngham&f=false

1485 - Battle of Bosworth, William Brandon killed, standard bearer to Henry Tudor and second husband of Elizabeth Bruyn, heiress of half of Beckenham Manor although her half was now in possession of the heirs of her first husband Thomas Tirrell. The battle's outcome was the death of Richard III and the end of the Wars of the Roses. Henry Tudor became Henry VII.

1485 -Foxgrove: Parties: Richard Middelton, Esq., Lady Maud Grene his wife, and Thomas Grene, Esq & Margaret Kyng, widow, farmer of the manor of Foxgrove in Beckenham; Place or Subject: The manor of Foxgrove in Beckenham (Bekenham), [Receipt]. County: Kent 2 Ric III Ref. E 326/6791 (TNA)

and Grantor: Thomas, son and heir of Thomas Grene, knight, Margaret Kyng, and Richard her son; Grantee: Thomas, Kyngson and Andrew Dymmok; Place or Subject: Grant of a rent charged on the manor of Foxgrove in the parish of Beckenham; County: Kent 2 Ric III Ref. E 327/595 (TNA)


1485 - King Henry VII until 1509

1486 - 19th June, Transcription :
Inspeximus and exemplification, at the instance of Elizabeth Brandon, widow, of the following documents:—(l.) A writ of diem clausit extremum dated 15 Feb.,1 Edw. IV. (Inq. 1 Edw. IV. No. 27), directed to John Grene, escheator of Kent, upon the death of Henry Bruyn, Knt. (2.) An inquisition taken thereupon at Bromley, co. Kent, on Saturday, 20 Feb, 1 Edw. IV.,before John Grene, the escheator, by the oaths of Richard Nether, Thomas Dawe, John Mydday, Wlliam Myddey, John Plegge, John Yorke, Henry Lapworth,Thomas Bedyll, Henry Violet, Robert Blundell, Simon Kechill, and Robert Thorp, setting forth that Henry Bruyn, knt., was seized of the manor of Beckenham, alias Beghenham (fully described), with the advowson of the church thereof, held of the Crown in capite, by the service of one knights fee; and that he died 30 Nov. last; and that Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Tyrell, esq.,aged 17 years, and Alice, wife of John Berners, aged 19 years, are his daughters and heirs. (3.) A writ of diem clausit extremum dated 18 March, 13 Edw. IV.(1474) (Inq. 13 Edw. IV. No. 59), directed to John Brode,escheator of Kent, upon the death of Alice, wife of John Hevenyngham, knt. (4.) An inquisition taken thereupon at Bromlegh, co. Kent, 11 Nov, 13 Edw. IV., before John Brode, the elder, the escheator, by the oaths of John Kyere, Thomas Kyng, Simon Keehill, Henry Violet, Alexander Curteys, Stephen Kete, John Plegge, Robert Humfrey, Philip Alexander, Robert Pope, John Dare Taillour, William Bradfote, and Richard Kyng, setting forth that Alice Hevenyngham was seized of the moiety of the manor of Beghenham, and the moiety of the adrowson of the church thereof, held of the Crown in capite, by the service of one fourth part of a knights fee, and married successively John Berners, esq. (by whom she had issue John Berners), Robert Harleston esq. (by whom she had likewise issue), and John Hevenynghanl,knt. (by whom she had issue George Hevenynghaln),and that she died 15 Feb., 12 Edw. IV.;(1473) and that the said John Hevenyngham now holds the premises; and that the before-mentioned John Berners is her son and next heir, and is of the age of 10 years. Pat. p. 3. m. 5 (23).

This explains quite fully the situation regarding Alice(Bruyn) and her son and heir John Berners. Elizabeth Bruyn who had married Brandon is seemingly endorsing her right to the other moiety of Beckenham Manor.


1493 - Court of Common Pleas, names and land to be identified. 84 acres is a considerable size.
CP 25/1/117A/346, number 152.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from St Martin, 9 Henry VII [25 November 1493].
Parties: Roger Shelley, Thomas Polsted', William Arnold', John Reydon', Thomas Shirley, John Petteley and Thomas Shot, querents, and William Thornton' and Margaret, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 75 acres of land, 8 acres of meadow and 1 acre of wood in Bekenham'.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: William Thornton' and Margaret have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Roger, as those which Roger, Thomas, William Arnold', John, Thomas, John and Thomas have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Margaret to Roger, Thomas, William Arnold', John, Thomas, John and Thomas and the heirs of Roger for ever.
Warranty: Warranty against John, abbot of St Peter, Westminster, and his successors.
For this: Roger, Thomas, William Arnold', John, Thomas, John and Thomas have given them 40 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Roger Shelley, Thomas Polstead, William Arnold, John Reydon, Thomas Shirley, John Petley, Thomas Shott, William Thornton, Margaret Thornton
Places: Beckenham

1494 - ELIZABETH BRANDON, Post Mortem Inquisition, widow. Writ 7 March, inq. 20 June, 9 Hen. VII. Elizabeth Bruyn, late the wife of Maurice Bruyn, knt., was seised of the under-mentioned manors and lands in fee tail and had issue by the said Maurice, whom she survived, a son and heir, Henry Bruyn, knt., who died in his mother’s lifetime, leaving issue two daughters and heirs, the elder Alice, and the younger the said Elizabeth, named in the writ. The said Alice married one Robert Harleston, esq., and had issue a son John Harleston, who is now living. And afterwards the said Robert Harleston died. And the said Elizabeth, sister of Alice, married one Thomas Tyryell, esq., and had issue a son Hugh Tyryell, who is now living. And afterwards the said Elizabeth Bruyn, widow, died, and the said manors, &c., descended to the said Alice, and to the said Thomas, and Elizabeth his wife, in her right. And afterwards the said Alice married one John Hevenyngham, knt., and had issue a son George Hevenyngham, and died; and the said John Hevenyngham, knt., who survived her, is seised of her moiety of the premises, as tenant by the curtesy. And the said Thomas Tyryell died, and the said Elizabeth survived him, and took to husband one William Brandon, knt., whom she survived. She married thirdly one William Mallery, esq., whom also she survived. She died 26 March last. The said Hugh Tyryell, aged 23 and more, is her son and heir.
Immediately after his mother’s decease the said Hugh enfeoffed one Henry Colom, clk., of the moiety of the premises which then descended to him; and the said Henry Colom, at the request of the said Hugh, enfeoffed the said Hugh. and Margaret daughter of Gilbert Hussy, esq., William Hussy, knt., …….. Peter Hussy, clk., William Wylloughby, esq., son of Christopher Wylloughby, knt., Thomas Mongomery, Thomas Tyryell, and others, of the said moiety, to the use of the said Hugh and Margaret, and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder in default to the said Hugh and his heirs for ever.

ELIZABETH BRANDON, widow.Writ 22 March, inq. the last day but one of May, 9 Hen. VII.She died 7 March, 9 Hen. VII, seised of a moiety of the under-mentioned manor in fee, and of a moiety of the under-mentioned advowson, as of fee and right.
Hugh Tyrell, aged 23 and more, is her son and heir.
A moiety of the manor and advowson of Bekyngham, worth 15l., held of the King in chief, by service of 1/4 of a knight’s fee.

1494 - Immediately after his mother's decease (Elizabeth nee Bruyn) the said Hugh (Tyrell) enfeoffed one Henry Colom, clk., of the moiety of the premises (inc A moiety of the manor and advowson of Bekyngham, worth 15l., held of the King in chief, by service of 1/4 of a knight's fee.

C. Series II. Vol. 9. (14.) E. Series II. File 462. (2.)) which then descended to him; and the said Henry Colom, at the request of the said Hugh, enfeoffed the said Hugh. and Margaret daughter of Gilbert Hussy, esq., William Hussy, knt., .... Peter Hussy, clk., William Wylloughby, esq., son of Christopher Wylloughby, knt., Thomas Mongomery, Thomas Tyryell, and others, of the said moiety, to the use of the said Hugh and Margaret, and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder in default to the said Hugh and his heirs for ever.

1494 - Foxgrove: 1494 Apr 15 Debtor: Thomas Green, of Northants., knight, Margaret King, of Foxgrove in the parish of Beckerham in Kent, widow, and Richard Clerk, of the parish of Plumstead in Kent, husbandman. Creditor: Richard Golofre, citizen and mercer [merchant] of London. Amount: £31. Before whom: John Brown, knight, Mayor of the Staple of Westminster. When taken: 08/09/1492 First term: 24/06/1493 Last term: 24/06/1493 Writ to: Sheriff of [Kent] Sent by: John Brown, knight, Mayor of the Staple of Westminster. Endorsement: London' Middx. Kanc' Coram d'no R' ...... sua in [crossed out: Oct' S'ti... p'x' futur] crastino Ascensionis d'ni p'x futur'.

TNA ref C 241/267/26

Foxgrove becomes more of a mystery for its earliest times as substantiating evidence for Philipot and Hasted's accounts is rare or cannot be found.
Philipot had related: Foxgrove is the last place of Account in this Parish, it had in elder times Proprietaries of this Sirname; for I find John de Foxgrove paid respective Aid for it in the twentieth year of Edward the third (1347), at making the Black Prince Knight. After this Family succeeded Bartholomew Lord 3, and he held it at his Decease, which was in the twenty ninth year of Edward the third (1356). and from him it descended to his Son Bartholomew Lord Burwash, who in the forty third year of the abovesaid Prince (1370), passed it away to Sir Walter de Paveley, and in his Family it remained untill the latter End of Richard the second, (1399) and then it was conveyed to Vaux of the County of North-Hampton, and there made its abode untill the latter End of Henry the sixth (1461), and then it was alienated to John Grene Esquire, and he died possest of it in fourth year of Edward the fourth (1465); and in this Family did the Title reside, untill the Beginning of Henry the eighth (1509), and then it was demised to Beversea, and Humphrey Beversea, I find held it in the eighteenth year of Henry the eighth (1527), and his Descendant passed it away to Luke Hollingworth, and he about the Beginning of K. Edward the sixth (1547), sold his Interest in it to Alderman Sir Jo. Oliff of London, and he dying (1577) without Issue Male, Joan(his daughter) matched (1563)to John Leigh of Addington Esquire, was his sole Heir (1577), and in Right of this Alliance, did it come down to Sir Francis Leigh (d.1644) late of East-Wickham; whose Widow Dowager the Lady Christian Leigh, is now in Possession of it.(1659 she died in 1660)

1498 -
CP 25/1/117A/347, number 240.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: Two weeks from St John the Baptist, 13 Henry VII [8 July 1498].
Parties: William Botery and William Bromwell', querents, and Henry Fyncham and Elizabeth, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 1 dove-cot, 150 acres of land, 11 acres of meadow, 71 acres of pasture and 70 acres of wood in Bekenham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Henry and Elizabeth have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of William Botery, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Elizabeth to William and William and the heirs of William Botery for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: William and William have given them 100 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: William Buttery, William Bramwell, Henry Fincham, Elizabeth Fincham
Places: Beckenham

1499 - Beckenham Manor (relevant to) Post Mortem Inquisition at the death of Sir John Heveningham, husband of Alice Bruyn. Although this does not mention the moiety of Beckenham Manor belonging to Alice and carried via her heirs down to Clement Harleston, Hevingham is mentioned in other documents in association with Beckenham Manor. The various inquisitions for Alice, Elizabeth and any of their six husbands help trace the heredity of the manor although Beckenham is a minor part of their overall properties.

JOHN HEVENYNGHAM, knight.
Writ
 23 April, 14 Henry VII; inquisition the last day of October, 15 Henry VII.
Philippa, late duchess of York, and lady of the Isle of Wight, was seised of the under-mentioned manor of Southwekyngdon and two acres of land in Stifford in fee and advowsons of Southwekyngdon and Stifford in her demesne as of fee and right, and, being so seised, by charter gave them to Maurice Bruyn, knight, and Elizabeth, then his wife, and the heirs of their bodies issuing, with remainder in default to Maurice’s right heirs. The said Maurice and Elizabeth were seised thereof accordingly in fee tail, and, being so seised, had issue Henry Bruyn, knight, who had issue Alice and Elizabeth and died; and afterwards the said Maurice died, and the said Elizabeth survived him and was seised thereof, viz. of the manor in fee tail and of the advowsons as of fee and right, by the form of the gift; and afterwards the said Alice took to husband John Berners, esquire, and the said Elizabeth took to husband Thomas Tyrell, esquire, which John Berners died and the said Alice survived him and afterwards took to husband Robert Harleston, esquire, and the same Robert and Alice had issue John, and the same Robert died and the said Alice survived him; and the said Elizabeth, late the wife of Maurice, afterwards died, seised as aforesaid, after whose death the said manor and advowsons descended to the said Alice, and Elizabeth wife of the said Thomas Tirell, cousins and heirs of the said Maurice and Elizabeth of their bodies begotten, viz. daughters of Henry, son and heir of the said Maurice and Elizabeth, whereby the said Alice in her own right and the said Thomas Tirell and Elizabeth, in right of the said Elizabeth, entered on the said manor, &c. and were seised thereof, &c.; and the said Alice being so seised took to husband John Hevenyngham, knight, named in the writ, whereby the said John and Alice and the said Thomas and Elizabeth, in right of the said Alice and Elizabeth, were seised together and without division (insimul et pro indiviso) thereof, &c., and the said John and Alice had issue George, and afterwards the said Alice died, and both the said John, and the said Thomas and Elizabeth, survived her, and the said John after her death held a moiety of the premises as tenant by the curtesy and was seised thereof in his demesne as of free tenement, and died so seised.
Clement Harleston, son of the said John Harleston son of the said Robert Harleston and Alice his wife is next heir of the said Alice late the wife of the said John Hevenyngham of her body begotten; and the said Clement Harleston the son and one William Tyrell son of the said Thomas Tyrell and Elizabeth his wife, are cousins and next heirs of the said Maurice and Elizabeth, late his wife, of their bodies begotten in form aforesaid, and the said Clement is 5 years old and more, and the said William 30 years old and more. The said John Hevenyngham died 10 May last, and the aforesaid (sic) Thomas (written over erasure) Hevenyngham the son is next heir of the said John Hevenyngham, and is 30 years old and more.
The said John Hevenyngham was seised of the other under-mentioned manors, &c., in fee, and, being so seised, thereof enfeoffed James Hobart, the king’s attorney, John Yaxlee, serjeant-at-law, John Jermy, esquire, and William Coke, the younger, who survive, together with other, since deceased, for the performance of his last will, whereby he directed that his executors should take the issues and profits thereof for half a year from his decease, and that thereafter Thomas Hevenyngham, esquire, his son and heir should have the said manors, &c., to hold to him and the heirs male of his body. He died 10 May, 14 Henry VII. The said Thomas Hevenyngham, esquire, aged 50 and more, is his son and heir. Cf. Nos. 306, 307, 425, 527.
Essex; Manor and advowson of Southwekyngdon, worth 40l., held of the king, as of the honor of Hereford, by service of one knight’s fee.
Two acres of land in Stifford, and the advowson of two parts of the church of Stifford to the said 2a. belonging, worth 6s. 8d., held of the lord Grey, service unknown.
Manor of Totham, worth 10l., held of the king, as of the honor of Hagnet, by service of 1/20 of a knight’s fee.
Manor of Goldanger, held of the king, as of the honor aforesaid, by service of 1/20 of a knight’s fee.
Manor of Bergehalle, or Bregehall, held of the king, as of the honor of Rayley, by service of 1/20 of a knight’s fee.
Manor of Flethall, and a mill in Styfford, held of the king as of the same honor, by service of 1/20 of a knight’s fee.
C. Series II. Vol
. 14. (140.) E. Series II. File 293. (16.) (BHO)

1500circa – Nicholas Brograve (of Kelseys) is involved in Chancery cases concerning property. To be researched further (TNA)

This and the following two entries for Nicholas, Edward and William Brograve imply some improper actions by the whole family?

1500 - Court of Common Pleas;
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/954, rot. 186d

Term: Michaelmas 1500
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Sale of goods

Pleading: Robert Bekyngham. claims that Edward Brograve owes him 4m. Robert B. claims that at London on 10/09/1496 he demised to Edward B. the rectory of Beckenham, Kent, with all its fruits, oblations, tenths, and other dues of the same rectory, to be had and occupied by the same EB from the feast of the annunciation of St Mary then next following (25/03/1497) until the same feast then next following (25/03/1498), namely, for one whole year, at an annual rent of £18, payable to RB at the feasts of the nativity of St John the Baptist (24/06/1497), Michaelmas (29/09/1497), Christmas (25/12/1497), and Easter (15/04/1498) in equal portions. RB says that by force of this demise EB had and occupied the aforesaid rectory from the same 10/09/1496, for one entire year then next following. RB says that of the £4 10s payment of the aforesaid £18 annual rent which was due at Christmas 1497, EB did not pay 40s, which same 40s is in arrears and a parcel of the aforesaid 4m debt. RB also says that at London on the same aforesaid 10/09/1496 EB bought from him 2 cartloads of hay for 13s 4d, which hay has not been paid for. Together the 40s arrears of rents and 13s 4d from the sale of hay add up to the said 4m debt. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: EB defends and seeks licence to imparl as far as Hilary term 1501.

Postea text: postea 1 - further licence to imparl, forwarding the case as far as Easter term 1501.

  Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/954, rot. 234d

Term: Michaelmas 1500
County: Kent
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: William Brograve is in mercy for many defaults. William Botery and William Bromwell claim that on 10/03/1499 William Brograve used force and arms to break their close at Beckenham, Kent, where he felled and carried off their trees and underwood to the value of 100s. The trees and underwood taken were, namely, 60 oak trees, 20 ash trees, and twenty cartloads of underwood. Damages are claimed at £10.
Pleading: William Brograve defends and seeks licence to imparl as far as Hilary term 1501. (BHO)


1500 - Kenthouse: (This case relates some ownership and occupation of Kent House)
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/951, rot. 115 Term: Hilary 1500 County: Kent Writ type: Trespass (force and arms) Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 3s 4d
Costs: 20s
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods; Trespass (chattels)
Pleading: Henry Fyncham. and John Henley. claim that on 24/03/1497 John Fabyan. used force and arms to break their close at Beckenham, Kent, to seize and carry off their goods and chattels to the value of 20m, and allowed his livestock to trample and consume their grass to the value of 100s. Henry Fyncham and John Henley say that the goods and chattels taken were, namely: 2 benches; 6 stools; 2 millstones; 2 andirons; 2 feather beds; and 4 mattresses. The livestock which trampled and consumed the grass was, namely, horses, oxen, cows, and sheep. HF and JH say that this livestock was in their close on diverse days over a period of four months next following the aforesaid 24/03/1497. Damages are claimed at £20. Pleading: John Fabyan says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and the plaintiffs, HF and JH put themselves likewise. Order to the sheriff of Kent to make a jury come at the octave of the Purification 1500.
Postea text: postea 1 - the jury between the arties is placed in respite as far as Easter term in five weeks 1500.
Postea text: postea 2 - to this day comes defendant JF and plaintiffs HF and JH. A jury comes and says on oath that JF is innocent of seizing and carrying off the aforesaid chattels. The jury also says that a certain Stephen Fabyan. was seised in his demesne and as of fee of one messuage called 'Kenthous' and 300 acres of land with appurtenances at Beckenham, in which the supposed trespass took place. So seised in his lifetime prior to the time of the supposed trespass, the same SF and the aforesaid JF being together in a certain house of the aforesaid messuage together said that that same Stephen Fabyan wished (vellet) the profits of the same tenement and lands during his lifetime, and that after the death of SF, JF and his heirs should have the same messuage and lands with appurtenances in perpetuity. Later SF and JF withdrew from that same house into a certain field which was part of the aforesaid 300 acres of land and then SF said again that he wished to have the value of the profits from the messuage and lands with appurtenances during his life, and for JH to have the messuage and lands after his death. Upon this SF then gave drink, to whichever of William T., Robert W., William B., and others who had peen present until this point, and requested them to testify to his words. And the jury say on oath that if it is the will of the law that nothing be transferred by the words of SF nor anything be enfeoffed, then the jury say that SF later died so seised in his demesne and as of fee, after whose death the same messuage and lands descended to a certain Elizabeth (F.) now the wife of plaintiff HF, as one of the daughters and heirs of the late SF, and to plaintiff JH as grandson of the late SF, namely as the son of Katherine (F.) another of SF's daughters. At the time of SF’s death, JH in his own right and HF by right of his wife Elizabeth Fabyan entered the aforesaid messuage and lands, and continued in possession of them for around the space of one month then next following. Thereafter, at the time of the aforesaid supposed trespass, defendant JF made entry into the same property and continued in possession of it for the 27 weeks then next following. Thereafter, plaintiffs JH and HF re-entered the property. And the jury say that defendant JF, for the 27 weeks he was in possession, allowed his cattle to trample and consume grass upon the messuage and lands just as JH and HF alleged. The jury assesses JH and HF’s damages at 3s 4d and their costs at 20s. Therefore, the decision is that JH and HF are to recover from JF costs and damages of 23s 4d. JF is to be arrested. JH and HF are in mercy for false claim against JF concerning the seizing and carrying off of the aforesaid goods and chattels, concerning which JF is quit.Postea text: postea 3 - 10/07/1501 HF and JH come before the court and acknowledge satisfaction of the aforesaid damages. Therefore, JF is quit.Case notes: The jury recounts a verbal transmission of property which the justices decide is invalid.

1500 - Unidentified properties
CP 25/1/117A/348, number 305.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: The day after St Martin, 16 Henry VII [12 November 1500].
Parties: William Causton' (or William Canston'), querent,(Plaintiff) and Andrew Lyt[yl]grome and Margaret, his wife, deforciants.(One who keeps out of possession the rightful owner of an estate.
Property: A third part of 4 messuages, of 80 acres of land, of 2 acres of meadow, of 4 acres of wood and of 1 acre of marsh in Westwykham, Bekenham, Bromeley and Lewesham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Andrew and Margaret have acknowledged the third part of the tenements to be the right of William, as that which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed it from themselves and the heirs of Margaret to him and his heirs for ever.
Warranty: Warranty by Andrew and Margaret for themselves and the heirs of Andrew.
For this: William has given them 20 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: William Cawston (or William Canston), Andrew Littlegroom, Margaret Littlegroom
Places: West Wickham, Beckenham, Bromley, Lewisham

1501 – An entry in the Treasury of Receipts dated 22nd of May in the 10th year of Henry VIII, is of interest:
"Costys ande charges hade and made by the Kinge is Comaundment opon the makinge of a newe barke namyde the Kateryn Plesuance for the transportynge of his grace to Calice. Xxij(22nd) daye of Maye Ao x Hen. VIII. Payde also to Herry Kynge of becknam for the carriage of a xi (eleven) lode of tymber from chelsam (Probably Chelsham in Surrey) – at ijs (eleven shillings) eny lode xxijs (twentytwo shillings). Itm to him pd for ix (9) lode cariage out of bromley pishe at xvj (16) di lode xijs (twelve shillings)."

The ship referred to was the one which conveyed Henry VIII to Calais in June 1520, when that monarch met Francis I of France at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, at Ardres, near Calais. (source: R.Borrowman)

1501 - Kent House; National Archive ref C 131/87/2 Related to half of Kent House. Henry Colet being in debt to John Style (of Langley?) His property is transferred to Style.

Debtor: Henry Fincham, formerly a citizen and mercer, of London.

Creditor: John Style, citizen and mercer, of London.

Amount: £100.

Before whom: Henry Colet, Mayor of the Staple of Westminster.

When taken: 22/03/1501

First term: 24/06/1501

Last term: 24/06/1501

Writ to: Sheriff of Kent

Sent by: Chancery

Endorsement: William Crowmere, Sheriff, replies that the execution of the writ appears in the schedule hereto annexed.


Inquisition and return: Date to be returned: 01/7/1504. The Sheriff had replied to a previous writ that on the day of the recognisance Henry (Colet) was seised of: half a messuage in Beckenham, called Kenthous, and half of 60 acres of land, 100 acres of pasture, and 20 acres of meadow in Beckenham [in Bromley-&-Beckenham Hundred] and Lewisham [in Blackheath Hundred], worth £3 6s. 8d. He also had certain chattels, namely: 2 oscula pacis, called Paxs, two curtains with iron rings, an old breviary, 2 small bells, called sacring bells {sakering bellys}, 2 old altar-cloths, a stone for an altar, a corporal case, a vestment, an alb, with other vestments necessary for a priest, a noted missal, 8 images, a round cassock dyed violet in grain, trimmed with grey fur, a long cassock of the same colour, 4 cruets, a woollen cloth, called a blanket, 4 blankets of fustian, a coverlet with a lion on it, another coverlet of a green colour, 2 painted cloths, one of St Katherine, and the other of St Barbara, a bench-cover, 4 chairs, called Spruce Chairs, a canopy, called a Spire, a pair of cups, an old carpet, 4 brass pots, 6 brass pans, a table, called a dressing-board, 7 shelves, 3 plain boards, 2 pot-hooks, an iron bar, other knives, utensils, a grindstone, a water-trough, 2 half-hundred-weights, 2 weights of iron, called hundredweights, 2 malt vats, a pound of paper, a French book, a short tunic, called a waistcoat, a chafing-dish, 3 tubs, a crabb-apple {crabbe} press, a mortar ..., a cupboard, a pottle pot, 63 lb. of broken brass, 80½ lb. of lead weights, 2 candle-cases, 4 lattices for putting next to the fire, a stool, a form, weed-hooks, certain grain growing in the ground and in the barn, and other goods: worth altogether £24 10s. 10d. Henry was not found in the bailiwick. Attached to this is a letter from the Sheriff, dated 30/06/1504, which says that he has delivered to John Style half of the messuage and lands in the writ and the goods and chattels. [a duplicate of No. 4 and No. 18] (BHO)



1501 - Unkown messuage;

CP 25/1/117A/349, number 345.
Link: Image of document at AALT
Link: Image of dorse of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: One week from St Martin, 17 Henry VII [18 November 1501]. And afterwards one week from St Hilary in the same year [20 January 1502].
Parties: Thomas Marowe and John More, querents, and Edmund Midday and Lettice, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 24 acres of land, 8 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture and 5 acres of wood in Bekenham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Edmund and Lettice have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of John, as those which John and Thomas have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Lettice to Thomas and John and the heirs of John for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: Thomas and John have given them 40 pounds sterling.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Thomas Marrow, John Moore, Edmund Middey, Lettice Middey
Places: Beckenham

1503 - Kent House; Memorandum of Acknowledgement (November). A transfer of the property it seems by inhereitance of Katherine and Elizabeth Fabyan daughters of Stephen Fabyan.

John Fabyan of Bekenham, gentleman, son and heir of John Fabyan, clothier of London, to John Henley of Cranebroke co. Kent, 'clothman,' son of Robert Henley of London, draper, and Katharine his wife, a daughter and heir of Stephen Fabyan late of Bekenham, gentleman, and Henry Fyncham late of London, mercer, and Elizabeth his wife, Stephen's other daughter, their heirs and assigns. The like of Kenthous manor in Bekenham and all the lands etc. late of Stephen in Bekenham and Leuesham co. Kent and Bateresey co. Surrey. Dated 1 Sept., 19 Henry VII. (BHO). Some curiosity exists here as Henry Fyncham was in debt to John Style in 1501 through Court of Chancery and Style may have acquired half of Kent House by way of payment of the debt.


1504 - Court of Common Pleas, to be identified

CP 25/1/117A/350, number 407.

Link:

Image of document at AALT

Link:

Image of dorse of document at AALT

County:

Kent.

Place:

Westminster.

Date:

Three weeks from Easter, 19 Henry VII [28 April 1504].

Parties:

Richard Guldeford', knight, Thomas Brandon', knight, Edmund Dudley, esquire, and John Gardyner, querents, and Robert Sympson', gentleman, and Cecily, his wife, deforciants.

Property:

7 messuages, 7 gardens, 1 mill, 1 dove-cot, 160 acres and half an acre of land, 43 acres of meadow, 63 acres of pasture, 68 acres of wood and 20 acres of heath in Bromlegh'BekenhamLeueshamChesilhurstOrpyngton' and Hese.

Action:

Plea of covenant.

Agreement:

Robert and Cecily have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Richard, as those which Richard, Thomas, Edmund and John have of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Cecily to Richard, Thomas, Edmund and John and the heirs of Richard for ever.

Warranty:

Warranty.

For this:

Richard, Thomas, Edmund and John have given them 200 pounds sterling.


1505 - Beckenham and Foxgrove; Post Mortem Inquisition Writ 29 November, inquisition 2 February, 21 Henry VII.WALTER FITZ.Roger Fitz was seised in fee of the under-mentioned lands &c. in Leuesham and Bekenham, and by his charter indented dated at Leuesham, 20 March, 19 Henry VII, gave them to Peter Bevyll, Roger Holand, William Honychurch, Thomas Ifley, George Harvy, Robert Morley and William Morley, who survive, and the said Walter Fitz, since deceased, and their heirs, to the use of Isabel, his wife, now wife of William Atclyff, for life, and after her death to the use of himself and his heirs. Afterwards, to wit, on 28 March, 19 Henry VII, the said Roger by his last will willed that after the death of Isabel the said Peter Bevyll and the others should stand enfeoffed of the said lands &c. to the use of the said Walter, his brother, and the heirs male of his body, and in default of such heirs male to the use of himself, the said Roger and his heirs.
Walter died 3 June last, seised of the other under-mentioned lands &c. in fee tail, to wit, to himself and the heirs of his body. John Fitz, aged 9 years and more, is his son and sole next heir.

12 messuages, 200a. pasture, 300a. meadow and 400a. wood in Leuesham and Bekenham, worth 40 marks, held as to the messuages &c. in Leuesham of the said prior of Shene and Thomas, marquess of Dorset, by fealty and 8s. rent, and as to the messuages &c. in Bekenham of William Terell, as of his manor of Bekenham, and Thomas Grene, knight, as of his manor of Foxgroves in Bekenham, by 7s. rent.



By the above we may deduce that  Fitz had leased for a substantial period Manor of Beckenham land belonging to Terell(Tyrell) and Foxgrove Manor land belonging to Grene as well as the land of the Prior of Shene and Marquess of Dorset (Penge and Sydenham perhaps).



1507 -

CP 25/1/117A/351, number 489.
Link: Image of document at AALT
County: Kent.
Place: Westminster.
Date: The day after the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 22 Henry VII [3 February 1507].
Parties: Thomas Kemsale, querent, and Robert Holden' and Joan, his wife, deforciants.
Property: 1 messuage, 16 acres of land, 5 acres of pasture, 5 acres of wood and 6 acres of heath in Bekenham.
Action: Plea of covenant.
Agreement: Robert and Joan have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Thomas, as those which he has of their gift, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Joan to him and his heirs for ever.
Warranty: Warranty.
For this: Thomas has given them 20 marks of silver.

Standardised forms of names. (These are tentative suggestions, intended only as a finding aid.)
Persons: Thomas Kempsall, Robert Holden, Joan Holden
Places: Beckenham

1509 King Henry VIII until 1547

1509 - Langley about the beginning of Henry. the eighth,(1509)  it was conveyed to John Stiles Esq; who much inlarged the House with a supply of Buildings, and from him is it by Descent devolved to be the instant Possession of his Successor Sir Humphrey Stiles Knight and Baronet.(d1552) (source: Philipot)

John Stiles died in 1500 and his will probate dated 1501 is before Henry VIII's accession in 1509. Either John Stiles death date is substantially wrong or it was his heir Sir Humphrey who made the additions.

1510 - About the year 1510, Foxgrove came into the family of Baversea. Humphrey Baversea (Philipot)

1511 - Foot of Fine: Foxgrove: Sir Nic Vaus & wife Anne & Sir Thos Parre & wife Matilda to Gerard Danet, esq, Wm Lane, Geo Boywell. Manors of Burwash & Foxgrove w/300a land, 100a mead, 300a past, 500a wood & 300a waste in Burwash, Plumstead & 'Foxgrove', plus land in 7 other counties. Enfeoffment. (51/358 no. 17)

Gerard Danet etc. are new names to associate with Foxgrove. (source Kent Archaeology)

1513 - Foot of Fine: Kent House: Thos Wells & wife Margy to Jn Cowlard, mercer of London, Thos Baldry, Robt Clerkson & Wm Bromwell. Moiety of manor of Kenthouse w/300a land, 20a mead, 100a past & 30a wood in Beckenham & Lewisham; plus land in Battersea, Surrey. 100 mks. (51/360 no. 25) (Kent Arch.)

1514 (this section needs to be checked against Hasted) Beckenham Mannor being annexed to the patrimony of Thomas Tirrell, Humphrey Tirrell his Grandchild to whom it descended, passed away one Moietie of it in the thirty fifth year of Henry the eighth (1514) to Ralph Warren, and the other to Henry Parke;

Warren alienated his Proportion not long after to Bradbury. But Lysons regards the involvement of Warren and Parke as related to mortgages, loans or, more likely, leases? We know that the Tyrells were established in Essex and that their part of Beckenham Manor descended to Dalston and Curwen later in the 17th C. through marriages. see 1505 and the lease of William Terell's(Tyrell's) Manor of Beckenham in the occupancy of the Fitz's or their tenants.

1514 the other Moitie or half of Beckenham Manor by Joan sole Heir of the abovesaid Henry Parke, came to be the Inheritance of Mr. Robert Leigh descended out of Cheshire, whose Successor about the latter End of King James (1620-25) alienated it to Snelgrave.(Philipot). 

But I believe this to be a misunderstanding on Philipot's part although some evidence is scarce and Lysons remarks about probable loans or mortgages. Suffice it to say that from the time of Henry Bruyn's daugthers, Alice and Elizabeth and their multiple marriages. One half of Beckenham Manor descended via the Tyrells to Dalston and Curwen thence to Oliver St. John. The other half descended via Harleston to Leigh and then to Snelgrave who's grandson sold to Walter and Henry St. John via John Evelyn.

1514 - Foot of Fine; Kenthouse; Thos Wells & wife Margy to Jn Cowlard, mercer of London, Thos Baldry, Robt Clerkson & Wm Bromwell. Moiety of manor of Kenthouse w/300a land, 20a mead, 100a past & 30a wood in Beckenham & Lewisham; plus land in Battersea, Surrey. 100 mks. (51/360 no. 25)(Kent Arch.)

A Moiety describes part of the property. Kenthouse had been divided into two parts in other evidence.

1517 - Lay Subsidy; In the assessment for a lay subsudy in the twentysixth year of Henry VIII (1517), Beckenham appears at £4 8s. And the subsidy is made up as follows: Robert Brograve for his lands xvs (15shillings), Humphrey Style for his lands xxxiiis (33shillings), Edward Alegh for his goods xvs (15 shillings), Henry Vyolett for his goods xvs (15 shillings), Henry King vs (5 shillings), Isabell Dunce for her goods xvs (15 shillings). 

Humphrey Style: Langley, Robert Brograve: Kelsey, Edward Alegh possibly Foxgrove (but not for lands?) (source: R.Borrowman)

The name of Vyolett is curious given Philipot's account of Langley which he states passed from Ralph Langley to John Violett and then to the Styles. Henry Vyolett in this Lay Subsidy is assessed for goods and not land. Foxgrove was supposedly in the hands of Baversea, but its another name not mentioned. Did Borrowman overlook any valuation for Beckenham Manor under the Tyrells and Harlestons? or perhaps not recognise their names as being associated with the manor. One writer, John Sheail 1968, observes that a lot of documentation from the Lay Subsidies of the 1500's has been lost.

1518 - Kenthouse; Court of Chancery; Short title: Fyncham v Yarford. Litigation

Plaintiffs: Henry Fyncham of London, gentleman, son-in-law of Stephen Fabyan of London, draper.

Defendants: James Yarford of London, knight.

Subject: Half a messuage and land called `Kenthous' in Beckenham and Lewisham, late of the said Stephen.

Kent.

2 documents


Apparently Stephen Fabyan had recently died and maybe Yarford was in occupancy of this part of Kenthouse and Fyncham was heir of Fabyan the landlord. see 1500 and 1503



1527 - Unknown property; Letters and papers, foreign and domestic, Henry VIII. Sir Wm. Compton, under-treasurer of the Exchequer. Grant of three tenements near the dock at Byllyngysgate, Greenwich, Kent, and lands in Estgrenewich, Westgrenewich, Depford, Leuesham, Kedbroke, Charleton, Wolwich, Beknam and Chesseleste, and the neighborhood. Del. Westm.,—18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29. (BHO)


1529 - May; Unknown  property, see 1527. Henry Norres, squire for the Body. Grant of three tenements in "le Westend," Grenewiche, Kent, near the dock at Billyngysgate in Grenewiche, land in Grenewiche Marshe, called Bendysh, in Eltham, Charlton, Wolwich, and elsewhere, and lands called the Queen's lands, in East and West Grenewiche, Deptford, Lovesham, Kedbroke, Charlton, Wolwiche, Beknam and Cheflest (Chiselhurst ?) Kent. The premises were held by Sir Wm. Compton till his death, 29 June last. Del. Westm., 1 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26. (BHO)

1530 - Beckenham Manor (one moiety) Letters and Papers foreign and domestic, Henry VIII 1531/32; Clement Harleston, of Coksale, Essex. Licence to alienate his moiety or purparty of the manor of Bekenham, Kent, and his messuages, &c. in Bekenham, to Robert Legh, Roger Starkey, Mathew Haddes, John Preston, William Lamberd, Robert Meredith, and Richard Malery, citizens and mercers, London; to the use of the said Robert, his heirs and assigns for ever. Westm., 29 March. Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m 14. (BHO)

Just prior to this it seems Harleston was pursuing a Nicholas Leveson about deeds for Beckenham Manor and other properties and Humphrey and William Tyrell as owners of the other moiety of the Manor were called as witnesses. All part of the complexity of the split manor and several husbands of Alice and Elizabeth Bruyn

Lysons had said "Manor of Beckenham: Clement Harleston sold it, in 1530, to Robert Legh, Esq., whose descendant of the same name, in 1610, aliened it to Henry Snelgar, or Snelgrave, Esq.  Lysons account differs in some respects to Hasted probably due to some vaguaries regardng the Bruyns, Tyrells and Dalstons. Even now we have reason to question same aspects, namely the possibility that Maude de la Rokele brought the manor over to the Bruyns rather than Isolda who's family name is unknown.

1531 - A foot of fine referenced by Kent Archaeology; Clem(ent) Harleston, esq & wife Margt to Robt Legh, Rog Starky, Matt Haddes, Jn Preston, Wm Lamberde, Robt Meredyth & Ric Malary. Moiety of manor of Beckenham w/500a land, 200a mead, 500a past & 500a wood in Beckenham. £300.

This raises some questions about the extent of the manor as a subsequent foot of fine regarding the other moiety of Beckenham Manor under the Tyrells is described as the same acreages. "Hum Tyrrell, esq & wife Joan to Guy Crafford of London, esq. Moiety of manor of Beckenham w/500a land, 200a mead, 500a past, 500a wood & 500a waste in Beckenham. Enfeoffment." although it adds 'waste' which is probably Penge Common. However, the two moieties  were equal in size but the 1623 map drawn for Dalston and Snelgrave describes a total of 936 acres.

1531 - Beckenham, Penge etc.; This will describes property and probably links with some lands called Reddons and similar. (source; Kent Archaeology)

 Henry Rydon - Will 10 Dec 1531,

Return to Book 14 Contents Page

13. Thower

10 Dec 1531. Henry Rydon of Battersey in Surre yoman. To be buried within the parisshe churche of Battersey as nighe unto Joanne late my wyfe as may be. To the Roodelight 3/4, Our Lady lyht in the high chauncell there 3/4. To owr ladye lighte in Sainte Nicolas Chauncell there 3/4. To the mayntence of Sainte Katherines light Vs. To eche of the ploughe light and Sainte Xtofer lighte 20d, toSaint George light 12d. At buryng 15 preests and 4 new torches and to be geven ij to Battersey (Battersea) on to Waunesworth (Wandsworth), to the paroche churche of Claphan an other. Months mind with 15 preests at dirige and masse for me and Joane late my wyfe and breade ale and chese at the saide churche thereto be dalte to every personne that will take yt. Obytt within the churche of Battersey for my soule etc. A coope of velvet broderid to the valew of £6.13.4. to the churche of Battersey and the saide cope to have in the mydds of the backe a scripture broderid in these words following:
   Pray for the sowle of Henry Rydon and Joane his wyfe oon whoo soules God have mercye.
   To Margerye my wyfe in goods etc £100.
   To Robert my sonne my leas or Covent seale with the yeres conteyned in the same I hold and have of my Lorde Abbott priour and covent of Westmynster of the manor or lordeshippe of Battersey for terme yeres and if he die or he come to 21 yeres then to Henry my sonne at 21. I will my cosyn Robert Kyng of Beckenham in Kent, yoman shall occupie my said ferme yf he be dispoased to the use of the said Robert my sonne putting in sufficent surtes to be bounden to Nicolas ?Harris and Elizabeth his wyfe my doughter.
   My wyfe Margerye to have an honest Chamber for her and a mayden within the said ferme by the space of oon hole yere after my decease. I will the £100 to Margery my wyfe shall stand and be to her in and for full satisfacon of all suche goods or stuff whiche were sold by me to Thomas Kyrry of London ?salfe parcell of the muentarye of the goods of Thos Otley whils he levid of London, Grocer her late husband.
   To Elizabeth Harrys my doughter a gold ryng, a littl gilt pott, etc. To Nicolas Harrys my gowne coloroid browne tawny.
   To Robert my sonmne bothe my best livereys gownes. To my uncle Henry King my gowne colorid medley furred with blacke lambe. Among the servunts of the now Abbott of the monasterye of Westmynster 6/8. To and among the servunts of the monke Bayly there 3/4 and of the priour 3/4. To Henry Rydon thelder 6/8, a maare with her foole, ij steryes and a yong heyfer. To Richd King my servunt 6/8, my baye maare with her fole, a cow, bullock, etc. To John Nichell my servunt 6/8, a gray ambling maare, etc. To John Harmon my servunt 6/8, a trotting bay nagg etc. To Thos King my gowne colorid medley. To John Lysteney my sheppard 6/8.
Residew to Robert and Henry my sonnes when 21. If both die then to Nicolas Harrys and Elizabeth his wyfe, my doughter.
    I make Nicolas Harris and Robert Kyng extours. Wit. Sir Wm Bayly curate of the said churche of Battersey, Richd Holte, Thurstone Asheley, Rauf Hunter and John Hulson.
    This is: of all my lands etc. in Battersey in Surrey and in Westerham, Bromeley, Beckenham and Lewisham in Kent. I will Margerye my wife have one annyte of £5 yerely owte of all my londs etc. that is 50s owte of my lands in Battersey and Wannesworth and other 50s owte of my lands in Westerham, Bromeley, Beckenham and Lewisham for her lyfe.
   I will that Robert Ryden my sonne when 21 all my lands as well free as customary in Battersey and Wannesworth in Surrey. I will also that Henry Rydon my sonne when 21 shalhave all my lands, tenements, etc. in Westerham, Bromeley, Beckenham and Lewisham for ever.
    I will my cosyn Robert King of Bekenham, yoman shalhave the Rule and governance and letting etc of all the saide lands willed to the said Robert durying all the noneage of the same Robert.
   I will that Nicolas Harrys my sonne in law shall have the Rule etc. of the lands etc. appoynted to Henry my sonne during his noneage [in each case to pay the 50s to Margery my wife and 20s for the use etc. of the son].
   Probate 4 Jan 1531.

1536-1541 Dissolution of the Monastries under Henry VIII; 

1538 - Unidentified property; Letters and papers, foreign and domestic Henry VIII; see 1527 and 1529; Ric. Long, King's servant. Lands in Greenwich, the "Queen's lands" in East Greenwich, West Greenwich, Dexforde (sic), Levesham, Kedbroke, Charleton, Wolwyche, Beknam, and Chesselhest, Kent, forfeited by Hen. Norres, and Old Court manor in Greenwich. Undated. (BHO)

1540 –1545 - From Hasted’s history of Kent and quotting Thomas Philipott in Villare Cantianum recorded that “Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, son of Elizabeth Bruyn, by her second husband, resided in the manor-house of Beckenham as lessee; and that he entertained Henry VIII there, "and here entertained Henry the eighth, with all the Cunning Pompe of Magnificence, as he went to bestow a Visit at Hever, on his discarded, and repudiated wife Ann of Cleve." (Henry married Anne of Cleves in 1540 and he died in 1547 but Brandon died in 1545 so if true it must have been within this 1540/45 five year window.)

For clarity this is the old manor house opposite St. George’s Church and not what we refer to as the Mansion in Beckenham Place. 

Hever had been the home of the Boleyne’s but after Henry VIII had Ann Boleyn or Bullen and her brother executed he confiscated Hever and subsequently rented it to his fourth and ex-wife Anne of Cleve. In my understanding local folklore referred to Henry VIII staying in Beckenham on his way to see Anne Boleyne but maybe I misunderstood it. Philipott’s version is the earliest we have rediscovered at this time which describes Beckenham in any detail.

Philipott writes of Hever: “Hever in the Hundreds of Somerden and Ruxley, had in elder Times a Castle, which was the Capital Seat or Mannor built by Thomas de Hever, who had liberty by the Charter of Edward the third, granted to him in the fourth of his Raign, not only to embattle his Mansion here, but likewise had Free-warren annexed to his Lands in this place. William Hever deceased without Issue Male, and left only two Daughters and Co-heirs; Joane married to Reginald Cobham of Sterborough, and the other wedded to Brocas, whence in Records it is sometimes called Hever Cobham and Hever Brocas, and when the Cobhams went out, the Bullens were the immediate Purchasers; for Geffrey Bullen purchased this Place, and his Grand-child Sir Thomas Bullen Knight of the Garter, and Earl of Wilts, lived here, who was Father to Anne Bullen, Wife to Henry the eighth; and as he had here his Habitation, so likewise he has here his Sepulcher, and lieth emtombed in Hever-church; but when his Son George Viscount Rochford, upon pretence of some black Crimes acted against the Majesty of Henry the eighth, fell under the Censure of High Treason; this upon his Attainder or Conviction was escheated to the Crown, and began to be reputed a Mansion of some Estimate, when Anne of Cleve for some Time lived here, and made it her residence; but, in Times subsequent to this, I find it eminent for nothing, till King James granted it to Sir Edward Waldgrave, whose Successor yet possesses it.”

This just needs a bit of clarification but of no impact on our history of Beckenham. However, maybe it’s an example of how information becomes distorted, confusing the two Anne’s associated with Henry VIII and Hever. Hevercastle.co.uk states: In 1540 Henry VIII married his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves. Henry’s decision to marry Anne was based on a portrait miniature painted by Hans Holbein. The marriage was made for political reasons but ended in divorce six months later. Henry VIII awarded her the honorary title of ‘The King’s Sister’, £500 a year, a sufficient household and two houses. In addition, he allowed her to lease a number of manors to enhance her status and income, including Hever, at an annual rent of £9-13s-3½d. Anne settled happily in England and became good friends of the King and Anne Boleyn’s daughter, the future Queen Elizabeth I.

Anne of Cleves had Hever Castle until her death in 1557 but it is not known how much time she spent at the Castle. However, there is a surviving letter written by Anne to Mary Tudor in 1554 signed ‘from my poore house of Hever’.

Henry VIII took Hever from the Boleyne’s or Bullens as Anne Boleyne had been accused of adultery with her brother etc.

1541 - Foot of Fine: Kelsey:  Robt Brogreve, esq & Margt Parker, wid. to Robt Chidley & Robt Hamond. Manor of Kelsellys w/3a mead, 155a past & 160a wood in Beckenham. Enfeoffment. (40) (Trinity) (Kent Arch.)

Acknowledges a lease as the land remains Brograve

1541 - Foot of Fine: Beckenham Manor Tyrell moiety: Hum Tyrrell, esq & wife Joan to Guy Crafford of London, esq. Moiety of manor of Beckenham w/500a land, 200a mead, 500a past, 500a wood & 500a waste in Beckenham. Enfeoffment. (17) (Kent Arch.) Acknowledges a lease as the land remains Tyrell 

1544 - Licences to alienate lands: Humph. Tyrrell to Sir Ralph Warren, alderman. Moiety of Bekenham manor and of lands (extent given) in Bekynham, Kent, and of the advowson of Bekenham church. (12th.) P. 18, m. 10. (BHO)

Tyrell's moiety was the half of Beckenham Manor which descended via Dalston, Curwen to Oliver Style. This implies that Warren's occupancy was under a lease. Evidence points to this moiety being the 'Park' surrounding the Manor House, Copers Cope Farm and Church shown on the 1623 map which describes the part near Penge and other outlying parts as being Snelgrove's in 1623.

About this time the quagmire of the ownership of Beckenham Manor is tied up in the family affairs of the Tyrells. The potential absence of  direct heirs looks like the property ownership jumped across lines of generations ie to brothers and nephews. We also have evidence from Keith Baldwin that errors in othere accounts confuse matters. History of Parliament has a Catherine Tyrell marrying John Dalston whereas we believe  it was an Ann Tyrell daughter of Robert who carried Beckenham Manor to Dalston. Even the legal historians have problems with the affairs of the Tyrells http://nbls.soc.srcf.net/files/files/Legal%20History/Supervision%205/2.%20Jones.pdf
suffice it to say, just as Philipot and Hasted found, that the Tyrell moiety of Beckenham Manor descended to Dalston and then the chain to Curwen and the St. Johns becomes clear. Later however some confusion occurs within the St. Johns due to the complexity in their affairs.

1547 - King Edward VI until 1553

1547 - Foxgrove: Luke Hollingworth, who, about the year 1547, sold it to Sir John Olyffe whose only daughter and heir (Joan) married John Leigh, Esq. of Addington, in Surrey. From him, it later descended to Sir Francis Leigh, d1711. (Via Sir Oliph Leigh, Sir Francis Leigh, Sir Thomas Leigh, Then Sir Francis Leigh d1711) (Philipot/Hasted)

1547 - The will of Elis Bodley, parson of Beckenham mentions his residence at Beckenham and several bequests to local people.

1548 - Foot of Fine; Q: Ric, Geo and Thos, Caryll. D: Geo Forman & wife Agnes. 1 mess, 80a land, 20a mead, 100a past, 60a wood in Hayes, W. Wickham, Beckenham & Bromley. 200 marks.(Kent Arch) Unidentified but if a contiguous parcel of land  could be Shortlands, Pickhurst, Langley area.

1549 - Foot of Fine; Q: Wm Parker. D: Hum Tyrrell, esq. Moiety of Manor of Beckenham with 40 mess, 500a land, 200a mead, 500a past, 500a wood, 500a waste in Beckenham, Bromley, Hayes, Lewisham. £400. (Kent Arch). The amount of land mentioned in these documents is impossible to reconcile with later audits of land but here this half of the Manor of Beckenham is said to extend into surrounding areas. Also the 40 messuages describes the farms and smallholdings that the manor is divided into. Waste we are thinking may describe Penge Common or Hayes Common.

1549 - Foot of Fine; Q: Thos Sirrell,(Tirrell?) esq. D: Wm Parker & wife Margy. Manor of Beckenham with 40 mess, 500a land, 200a mead, 500a past, 500a wood, 500a waste in Beckenham, Hayes, Bromley, Lewisham. £400.

1550 - Foot of Fine; Q: Th Gavell, Rob Wylloughbye, gent. D: Ric Caryll & wife Clement, Geo, Th Caryll gents. 2 mess, 160a land, 20a mead, 160a past, 40a wood £1 rent in Westerham, Edenbridge, Hayes, W. Wickham, Beckenham, Bromley & Farnborough. 200 marks. (Kent Arch). The divers areas implies this property is widely spread and divided although described as 2 messuages.Although Hayes, West Wickham, Bromley and Beckenham can in theory be connected by one parcel of land Westerham and Edenbridge are a significant distance away.

1552 - Foot of Fine; Q: Hen Stanmore. D: Mary Brograve. 1 mess, 8a land, 16a mead, 20a past, 6a wood called Longs in Beckenham. £60. (Kent Arch). Possibly a messuage which had been leased by the Brograves being taken back in hand.

1552 - Foot of Fine; Q: Ric Wigmore, mercer of London. D: Jn Brograve. Manor of Kelsellys with 4 mess, 23a mead, 155a past, 160a wood in Beckenham. 1000 marks. (Kent Arch)

http://www.oxford-shakespeare.com/Probate/PROB_11-32-83.pdf

1552/1557  date to be confirmed Sir Edmund Style inherits Langley from his father Sir Humphrey Style

1553 - Queen Mary I until 1558

1553 - Foot of Fine;  Q: Hen Brograve. D: Jn Brograve, gent. Manor of Kelsys with 6 mess, 400a land, 100a mead, 200a past, 300a wood in Beckenham & Hayes. £600.

1555 - Querant: Thos Acworth, cit & merchant taylour of London. Deforciant: Wm  Vaus, esq (son & heir apparent of Thos Vaus, Ld Harrowden.) Manor of Foxgrove with 20 mess, 500a land, 60a mead, 200a past, 300a wood, 500a waste in Beckenham, Lewisham & Bromley. £280.(Kent Arch.)

The description of 20 messuages illustrates that Foxgrove accommodated several smallholdings and contradicts the later descriptions of Foxgrove being just one entity.

1555 - Foot of Fine; Q: Wm Curtes, Jn Skelton. D: Thos Whyte & wife Sibyll. 2 cottages & 2 gdns in Beckenham. £20. (Kent Arch)

1556 - Approximate date of birth of John Dalston (1556-1609) of Cumberland who by marrying a Tyrell heiress will acquire one moiety of Beckenham Manor. Dalston is mentioned on the map of 1623 along with Henry Snelgrave (Snelgar).

1558 - Queen Elizabeth I until 1603

1567 - Beckenham Manor, 1 moiety; Robert Leigh the elder dies and buried at St.George's.

1570 - Manor of Beckenham; under Elizabeth  I  A Petition of John Johnson to Sir Wm. Cecill. Requests that examination be made of a lease, by which one-half of the lordship of Beckenham, Kent, the property of one Tyrrell, a ward, is demised to Robert Ligh (Leigh), by Humphrey Tyrrel and Jane his wife. (BTO)

Robert Ligh (Legh/Leigh) had acquired the other moietie of Beckenham Manor from Clement Harleston and is leasing the other moiety from Tyrell. The Tyrell moiety will revert to Tyrells and descend to Dalston and Curwen via family intermarriages.

1583 - Beckenham Manor;  Nicholas Leigh dies and leaves a will although no record of his burial is at Beckenham indicating he may have resided or died elsewhere.

1589 - circa; Sir John Dalston of Cumberland marries Ann (Catherine) Tyrrel or Tirrel, daughter of Thomas Tirrel (source: History of Parliament) However, current research is indicating that the wife's name was Ann. In any case this was Dalston's second marriage  at the age of about 33. The couple had two daughters, one of whom married Henry Curwen.

1590 - The Will of Izarde Curtis or Curtys of Beckenham, widow of William Curtys, is reported as recording " my house and lande within the pische of Lewisham called Stumpeshill" (source: R.Reed) 'pische' is an alternative spelling or abbreviation of parish. Whether this refers to property on the site of Beckenham Place is speculative but may be supported by indications of buildings on Rocque's map of 1745. At present it is the earliest written indication we have for buildings on or near the site. Frustratingly, wills and property deeds often lack any map or detail to allow for identification of land.

1596 - Penge: There seem to have been several tenants of the manor at Penge in 1596, (source: H.E.Malden, A History of the County of Surrey, 1912)
An extract: The 'hamlet' of Penge was part of the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Battersea. The curious anomalies of its local government led to its formation as a separate urban district and its transfer to the county of Kent in 1900. (fn. 49) Penge was a wooded district, over which the tenants of Battersea Manor had common of pasture. (fn. 50) The boundaries of the hamlet on the north in February 1604–5 were the common of Rockhills (evidently Rockhills in Upper Sydenham, immediately north of the Crystal Palace) and the 'Shire Ditch' leading past the house called 'Abbetts' to the north corner of 'Lord Riden's Wood.' The Shire Ditch also bounded the hamlet on the east and was crossed by 'Willmoores Bridge,' half in Kent and half in Surrey. On the south it was bounded by the waste or common of Croydon, the green way from Croydon to Lewisham. On the west was a wood 'of Mr. Colton's' in Camberwell parish, which stretched from Vicker's Oak to the Low Cross near Rockhills. (fn. 51) There seem to have been several tenants of the manor at Penge in 1596, (fn. 52) but in 1725 the vicar of Battersea returned to Bishop Willis that there were only thirteen houses and sixty inhabitants in Penge, who went to Beckenham Church, and for whose care he paid a trifling consideration to the incumbent of Beckenham. (fn. 53) The whole common was inclosed under an Act of 1827. (fn. 54) There were then 320 acres already inclosed and several houses standing there. In 1853 Mr. Schuster sold his park on the summit of Penge Hill to the Crystal Palace Company for the re-erection of the gigantic building made by Sir Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park in 1851. (fn. 55) The Palace was opened by Queen Victoria in 1854. (fn. 56) In 1877, owing to financial difficulties and to the 'Greenwich fair characteristics,' which had replaced the former educational objects of the Palace, the company was reconstituted. (fn. 57) The Palace, as originally planned, was the exhibition building of glass and iron which had served for the Exhibition of 1851 in Hyde Park, re-erected on this site, with the addition of high water towers to supply the fountains in the grounds. Inside courts were erected to illustrate the arts and architecture of different periods, from the Egyptian monarchy to the Italian Renaissance, and there was a great collection of plaster casts of famous statues. (fn. 58) A School of Art and Music was established, and later a School of Forestry and Engineering, which has continued to flourish. The Palace became the chief seat of the highest class of music near London, and the Handel Festivals, under the direction of Sir Michael Costa and Sir August Manns, obtained the greatest reputation, as did the Saturday Concerts so closely associated with the names of Sir August Manns and Sir George Grove. But the public taste did not rise to this level, and the theatre and music-hall exhibitions gradually eclipsed the educational features. The grounds, of great extent, including a cricket field, football ground and a lake, continue to furnish unrivalled scope for exhibitions, excursions, games and firework or aeronautical displays. The land surrounding the Palace was sold shortly before 1875 for building purposes, and the whole site is now for sale.

1600 - Beckenham Manor (part of) to Bradbury, from which Family about the latter End of Q. Eliz.(1600) it came over by Sale to Serjeant Gent, who gave it in Dower with his Daughter to Sir George Dalston of Cumberland, who in our Memory (1630-?) conveyed it to Sir Patrick Curwin of the same County, who later sold it to Oliver St. John (1635) (source; Philipot)

We are finding that the accounts of Philipot and Hasted treat the descent of Beckenham manor perhaps too briefly and with missed elements. However, the issue is complicated and has confused several writers. Although Bradbury was involved with the Tyrells this part of the Manor came by a daughter, Ann of the Tyrells who married Sir John Dalston and thereby via a Dalston daughter to Henry Curwen who married Catherine Dalston and it descended to their son Patricius who sold it to Sir Oliver St. John circa 1638 (source; K.Baldwin research)

1603 - King James I (VI of Scotland) until 1625


1604 - Penge:
The boundaries of the hamlet on the north in February 1604–5 were the common of Rockhills (evidently Rockhills in Upper Sydenham, immediately north of the Crystal Palace) and the 'Shire Ditch' leading past the house called 'Abbetts' (see Manor of Beckenham 1623 and 1768) to the north corner of 'Lord Riden's Wood.' The Shire Ditch also bounded the hamlet on the east and was crossed by 'Willmoores Bridge,' half in Kent and half in Surrey. On the south it was bounded by the waste or common of Croydon, the green way from Croydon to Lewisham. On the west was a wood 'of Mr. Colton's' in Camberwell parish, which stretched from Vicker's Oak to the Low Cross near Rockhills. (source: H.E.Malden)

Malden's History of Surrey from 1912 probably quotes Lyson's work. Abbetts or Abbotts and Lord Riden's Wood are described on the 1768 Manor of Beckenham map copied from 1623. Willmoores Bridge is shown on the  Burrell estates map of 1723/35

1610 - Beckenham Manor: Robert Legh (Leigh), Esq., whose descendant of the same name, in 1610, aliened it to Henry Snelgar, or Snelgrave, Esq. (Lysons)

Several chroniclers relate that this Robert Leigh who is grandson of the purchaser of Beckenham Manor sells it to Henry Snelgrave, later Sir Henry, but documentary evidence apart from the 1623 map has not been discovered. Other documents about this time record some of the Leigh family property dealings.


1613 – Several early maps of Kent are on record showing Beckenham identified by a church or manor house but the only other detail is Langley placed between Beckenham and West Wickham.




From John Speed’s map 1614

1617 - William Style (1560-1624) inherits Langley from his father Sir Edmund Style (1538-1617)

1619 -
A Court of Chancery record, Dalston and Snelgar/Snelgrove each had half of Beckenham Manor and the 1623 map legend stating "as yet undivided" seems to imply that no agreed division exists. Short title: Snelgar v Dalston.Plaintiffs: Sir Henry Snelgar kt. Defendants: Sir John Dalston kt and others.ubject: moiety of the manor of Beckenham, Kent. Document type: bill, two answers.

1620-25 Beckenham Manor part of, successor of John Leigh alienated it to Sir Henry Snelgrave, from whom it descended to his grandson (1639)

1623 - A Plan of the Manor of Beckenham lands is drawn by Nicholas Lane showing they are divided between Sir Henry Snellyer (Snellgrave) of Beckenham and Sir John Dolston (Dalston) of Cumberland. According to Philipott and later Hasted the manor was earlier inherited by two Bruyn daughters and divided into two parts or moieties between them and their relevant husbands. After a few generations the Manor became rejoined into one under the St.John family circa 1635-50. The timeline will have any details. This image from the plan (below) is the main part of Beckenham Manor, north is toward the bottom right hand corner. The legend explaining the division, written in 1623 and transcribed by T. Proudlove in 1768. The original map has not been discovered but this is from the later redrawn version.

Matching the plan against the Foxgrove Manor plan and more modern maps also shows that very little Beckenham Manor land is in Beckenham Place Park. It would seem that only the edge of Stumps Hill Wood was in Beckenham Manor. The land to the left of the outlined section marked Sir Francis Leigh is part of Foxgrove Manor which becomes Beckenham Place. The Church and old Manor House are marked. Other parts of the map show the outlying fields and Abbey Farm at Penge Common, the latter is now totally enclosed within Crystal Palace Park.

Courtesy of the British Library © a section of the map excluding parts near Penge, Crystal Palace, Kelsey and Langley

Transcript of the map legend:

The Plot of the Manor of Beckenham with the Demesne Lands Woods Pastures Meadows and Brooks unto the same pertaining now used and belonging situate lying & being in the said Parish of Beckenham In the County of Kent. And is now the Manor Land etc. of Two Men as yet un-divided (that is to say?) Henry Snellyer (aka Snellgrave?) of the Parish of Beckenham aforesaid his own part) or Moiety. And Sir John Dolston (sic Dalston?) of the Parish of Dolston in the County of Cumberland Kt. the other part or Moiety As... is inscribed and plotted one Tenement or Farm and the Land unto the same belonging being also in the said Parish of Beckenham called the Abbey and is coloured about in Yellow. Being the said S. Henry’s own tenement and Land and now Leased out unto Richard Baldwyn of the same Yeo. All which said Manor and Tenement and the said several Lands etc. were at the Request of the said Sir Henry Snellyer. Measured and Plotted in the month of November in the year 1623. By Nicholas Lane. Supervisor.

T. Proudlove. TransferiRfit. 1768


Above; The Abbey Farm lands leased to Richard Baldwin. It would be interesting to learn where Henry Snellyer/Snelgrave is residing. The parish records for St.George's have several burials for Baldwins from the 16th century onwards but none that would fit this Richard Baldwin although probably his father and grandfather of the same name appear on the burial register.

The acreages of the two parts and the part identified as leased.

Sir John Dalston is traceable as MP for Cumberland who soon after sold or transferred his part to Patricius Curwen, also MP for Cumberland.
Both on History of Parliament online. The name Snellyer seems to be interchangeable or aliased with Snelgrave and Snelgar.

This link for Patrick or Patricius Curwen at History of Parliament explains Curwens relationship with the Dalstons through marriage and his business activities. This added to the footnote below from Lyson's increases the likelihood of an interfamily transfer or maybe a marriage settlement. Whether Dalston or Curwen used Beckenham as a residence while attending Parliament remains a question. https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/curwen-patricius-1602-1664

A footnote in Lyson's Environs of London states: The alliances of the Tyrrells, Dalstons, and Curwens are taken from St. George's Visitation of Cumberland, in the College of Arms. The alienation from Sir George Dalston, (who was son of Sir John Dalston by a second wife,) to Sir Patrick Curwen, as mentioned by Philipott and Hasted, was, it is probable, a family conveyance. He might have been trustee for Sir Patrick, who was his nephew. The conveyance of this moiety of the manor, from Humphrey Tyrrell to Sir Ralph Warren, mentioned by Philipott, and confirmed by Pat. 35 Hen. VIII. pt. 18. April 12, was probably a mortgage, or trust, though not declared; as was also, I suppose, a conveyance from the same Humphrey Tyrrell to William Parker, citizen and draper. Pat. 2 Edw. VI. pt. 1. Nov.

1623 - Beckenham Church is under Rochester Diocese covering this dispute over a private pew.

London and Welsh original Court documents

DIOCESE OF CHICHESTER: EPISCOPAL RECORDS.THE ARCHDEACONRY OF LEWES.Formulary. , 1623. Second copy. Ff.524-529 Sir John Dalston and Sir Henry Snelgar of Rochester diocese v. John Brograve and Margaret his wife of Beckenham. Sentence in cause for a pew. N.D. Sir William Byrd, LL.D.

Held by:West Sussex Record Office
Date:Dates unknown
Reference:Ep/II/29/1

1624 - This relates to several properties in Beckenham and elsewhere including Langley, Kent House, Clayhersts(Clayhill or possibly Woolseys Farm?), Simpsons Place or  Farm in Bromley

Hull History Centre: Papers of the Bosville-Macdonald Family

U DDBM/36/3 Marriage Settlement: William Stile senr. of Bromlye esq., to his son and heir Sir Humphrey Stile, Sir John Peshall of Sogonhill, co. Staffs., Dame Elizabeth Boswell widow of Sir Robert Bosvile, Thomas Stile of Watringberrie esq. and Edmond Stile of Beckenham gent., (brother of W. S. senior): prior to marriage of Sir H. S. and Dame E. B. Messuages and lands in Beckenham, Lewsham, Langlye Greene, Wickham and Deptford, co. Kent; and in Batrichsey, co. Surrey (Tenants and rents specified. Mentions capital messuage called Langley, messuage called Kent House and lands called the Parkes, Tomshill, Southfield, Rudlies and Croftes, Dawes Grove, Gravely Croft, the Newe Orchard, Gilbertes, Gilbertes Brooke, Henly Grove, Feildes, Great and Little Toms Woodfeild, Bruehouse Field, the Wildes, Willmottes, Clayhersts, Tenn Acres, the Hopyard, the Ozier Yard, Wickersland Meade in Beckenham, Birchgrove in Wickham. Jenkyns and Issabell Field in Lessham). Witn. Stephen Scott, Robert Style, Ra. Massie, Richard Harvye, John Fryer, Edmund Savage. Endorsed with attornment of 34 tenants (26 April 1624) 1 item 9 Apr 1624

U DDBM/36/11 Settlement (i) Sir Henry Bosvile of Eynsford, Robert Brent of Grayes Inn esq., Benjamin Green citizen and haberdasher of London and Edward Browne of Cliffords Inn, gent. (ii) Richard and Bridgett Bosvile younger children of Richard Bosvile of Bionnie, co. Staffs., esq. (iii) Robert Bosvileesq. (son and heir of the said Richard B. dec'd) and Elizabeth Martin widow of William Martin of the Middle Temple, gent., dec'd Capital messuage called Simpsons Place in Bromley with all appurtenances and 400 acres of woods in Beckenham, Bromley, Hayes, Lewsham, Orpington and Keiston: Witn. E. Simanans, Paul Pullein 1 item 24 Jun 1673

U DDBM/34/12 Covenant to levy a fine (i) William Martyn of Middle Temple, London, gent., and wife Elizabeth, widow and admin. of Richard Bosvile of Bionnie, co. of Staffs. esq. (ii) John Byrch of Cannocke, co. Staffs., gent. and Walter Higges of Stafford, gent. (iii) Sir Richard Oteley of Pitchford co. Salop and Sir Henry Bosvile of Eynsford co. Kent and Robert Bosvileesq., (as (i)) Capital messuage called Sympsons place in Bromeley; 400 acres woodland in pars (parishes of). Beckenham, Bromeley, Hayes, Lewsham, Orpington and Keiston all in the co. Kent: To uses declared in indenture of previous dated. Witn. Geo. Gyford, Rob. Brent, John Evens 1 item



1624 - Langley passes from William Style (1560-1624) to Humphrey Style (1585-1660) who dies without issue so his half
brother William inherits in 1660

1625 - King Charles I until 1649

1627 - Langley; William Style acquires a licence under Charles I to empark any part of his lands in Bromley, Beckenham, West Wickham and Hayes. (October) source: BHO

1633 - Humphrey Style writes a letter to his wife or someone close about arranging a procession. Whether the Snelgar is Henry Snelgrove of Beckenham Manor is in question. Some curiosity must be expressed regarding Court cases in Chancery between Style and Snelgar:

Sir Humphrey Style 1633.(original spellings) from Robert Borrowman's "Beckenham Past and Present"

Dear Harte, I have had, since I parted with thee, three fits of an agewe, wich hath troubled mee very sorely,bu I thank God I have nowe quite lost yt, and begun to be very well. Monsieur de Soubise kisseth your hand, and Desired me to write you word you must not be angry with him for keeping mee beyond my apointed time. Newes wee have none heere, but of horses and dogs. I hope that thou hast lost they could by this time. I shall not be in London till the 4th of March wch will be Shrove Mondeye, therefore I would entreate thee, the Satturdie before to goe out of towne to my ladie Prescot’s house. I would have thee stay till the Sises bee ended: then I will come and fetch you theare. Take all the men with you but Snelgar, who must help mee to my clothes.

Leave Lucres and marie to look to the house in London. Pennefather I would have goe down to Langleye, that he may help to look to the Parke in the absence of Moseley. I would have all my menne to meete mee on Shrove Tuesday, by 10 of the clock in the morning, at the Bull in Dartford for at that time, God willing, I intend to be theere, and from thence to Rochester that night, to meete the Hie Sherife. French and Oxenbridge, as I remember Sir Thomas Stile did desier, should be without fayle on Ash Wensdaye morning by eight of the clock, at Westram, to meet the Under Sherif, to come along with the Judge that cometh out of Surreye. Pray bid Snelgar to buie mee 6 javelins, wheere Sir Thomas hath bespoke his, and that he paye for them two shillings a piece: allso that he call to Mr Wood the haberdasher for the hats and feathers, also the bridles and saddles; and that the groom have order to fit all the saddles and bridle to everie horse, and that all the horses be well dressed, fed and trimmed. I would have the white gelding for Snelar to ride on, Ashfield for Barlow , the great bay mare for William Bennet, and the black nag bought of Charles for the grooome; Moseley on his own horse, the cook upon crop and Harnie’s horse for mr Lovekin, for he hath lent mee his horse for his own boy to ride on. My little black nagg, Terringham, I would have sadelled with my crimson velvet pad, and that the groome be sure that I have newe stirrops, stirrop leathers, bridle and girts, and that nothing be amiss. I would have the groome with all the rest of my men, Snelgar and the boye who shall come along with mee from London, to bee up very early upon Shrove Tewesdaye in the morning, that theye may coom softly with the horses to Dartford, and that they lead with them my black nag Terringam, the white gelding for Snelgar, Harnies’s horse for Mr. Lovekin, who shall likewise coom downe with mee from London; so they shall meete their horses at Dartford. The foot man I would have coom alonge with them, because I would have his clothes handsome. If Sir John Prescot will not goe to the assizes, which I hope he will, then i desire his gelding may be b16rought along to Dartford, for my wife to ride on, then one of my men shall ride on my black nag, and I wold have Crop left at home because he is very poor and ilfavoured.

1636 - Showing that Sir Henry Snelgrave of Beckenham Manor was a JP for Kent; (BHO)

Oct. 20.
Deptford.
22. Sir Henry Palmer to Sir Henry Snelgrave, Justice of Peace of Kent. The west part of that county being charged with carriage of timber for his Majesty's service, the writer prays that a speedy course may be taken therein. [The same seal as No. 18. ½ p.] Underwritten,
22. i. Sir Henry Snelgrave to Sir Henry Palmer. Sent the Council's letter to Sir Thomas Walsingham, deputylieutenant, as is usual. [¼ p.]
22. ii. Certificate of Sir Thomas Walsingham that, finding the latter concerned the west part of Kent, he sent it to the Quarter Sessions at Maidstone, where an order was given for the Clerk of the Peace to answer the same to the Council. [¼ p.]

Also in 1636 letters to Sir Henry and others speak of the concern of contagion being carried by persons travelling to and from London. Plague and other diseases such as smallpox are recorded in the diaries of John Evelyn. The plague would have regular outbreaks though not as great as 1665.


1638/39 (at the latest) - Patricius or Patrick Curwen, MP for Cumberland sold his Interest in Beckenham Manor (1 moiety) to Sir Oliver St. John of Batricksey (Battersea) in Surrey, who upon his Decease 1639 gave it to his Son (John died young in 1657) then to Mr. Walter, but now upon the Death of his Nephew 1657, Sir Walter St. John Baronet, (Oliver St. John had one son named John who left property and the title to his uncle Walter St. John.). However a 'calendar of docquets' dates a license to alienate this moiety of the Manor of Beckenham to 1639 and to other parties than Oliver St. John although those parties may have been acting for St.John. Oliver St.John died in 1639 so this transaction had to take place at this time at the latest

The  passage of Curwen and prior to him Dalston through the Manor of Beckenham could be imagined to relate to thier office as MP's for Cumberland. Sir John Dalston was succeeded by his grandson George Dalston as MP. and  it appears that Patricius Curwen and George Dalston as Royalist MPs were part of the number of MP's prevented from sitting in the Long Parliament giving rise to the Rump Parliament of 1648.  Lyson's adds a footnote: "The alliances of the Tyrrells, Dalstons, and Curwens are taken from St. George's Visitation of Cumberland, in the College of Arms. The alienation from Sir George Dalston, (who was son of Sir John Dalston by a second wife,) to Sir Patrick Curwen, as mentioned by Philipott and Hasted, was, it is probable, a family conveyance. He might have been trustee for Sir Patrick, who was his nephew. The conveyance of this moiety of the manor, from Humphrey Tyrrell to Sir Ralph Warren, mentioned by Philipott, and confirmed by Pat. 35 Hen. VIII. pt. 18. April 12, was probably a mortgage, or trust, though not declared; as was also, I suppose, a conveyance from the same Humphrey Tyrrell to William Parker, citizen and draper. Pat. 2 Edw. VI. pt. 1. Nov." This adds to the complexity of ownership but illustrates the potential financial dealings via mortgages and that family connections were involved in the transfers.The matter might be further complicated by the upcoming civil war as Curwen enlisted as a colonel in the Royalist army. The other documents may reveal that other parties were involved in the disposal of this part of Curwen's estate.

1639 - Beckenham Manor (one part); Sir Henry Snelgrave is buried in St. George's Beckenham leaving this part to Mr. Henry Snelgrave his grandson. His will mentions substantial lands in Beckenham and elsewhere. From Philipott: Robert Leigh descended out of Cheshire, whose Successor about the latter End of King James (1620-25) alienated it to Sir Henry Snelgrave, from whom it descended to his Grandchild Mr. Henry Snelgrave, who not long since passed it away (circa 1650) to Mr. Walter, now Sir Walter St. John Baronet, who lately hath exchanged the whole Mannor, for other Land with his Brother Mr. Henry St. John." (we find this latter description has missed some detail as records in Surrey archive reveal that Mr Henry Snelgrave, the grandson, sold it to the Evelyn brothers, Richard, George and John the diarist of Deptford in 1648 who in turn sold it to Walter and Henry St. John in 1650, see 1648 and 1650)

1640 - Humphrey Style sues for libel against Shaw. source: https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/632-style-shaw

1642-1651 English Civil War - the impact of the war will have influenced some sales  of properties as several families sought exile for either political or religious reasons. Similarly families who stayed put survived the turmoil.

1642 - Richard Hubert, knight, executor of Thomas Wroughton, armiger v.Thomas Snelgrave, armiger, son and heir apparent of Henry Snelgrave de Beckenham, Kent, Debt on an obligation: £600; undefended; (50s damages) (Trinity Term, 1655, fully satisfied.

This reference may indicate some financial problems for the Snelgraves perhaps influencing their sale of their part of Beckenham Manor. The turmoil of the Civil War may be a reason. Thomas's financial troubles may have been a reason for Sir Henry Snelgrave to pass over his son Thomas and leave his part of Beckenham Manor to his grandson, Henry in 1639.

1644 - Foxgrove: LEIGH, Sir Francis II (1590-1644), of Addington, Surrey. and East Wickham, Kent dies. He is the Sir Francis Leigh identified as holding Foxgrove Manor by Thomas Philipott (see 1659 below) also see History of Parliament online. He is the Francis Leigh indicated on the Beckenham Manor map as when Proudlove copied the map he did not update the Foxgrove landlord/s for 1768. A little confusing as the last Leigh to hold Foxgrove is also named Sir Francis who dies in 1711. It appears that Thomas Leigh holds Foxgrove until 1665

1647 - John Storer was a clergyman of the Church of England, who matriculated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1633, took his B.A. degree in 1637 and M.A.in 1640. He was curate at Doddinghurst, Essex, 13th October, 1637, Lecturer at St. Giles, Cripplegate, 18th March, 1641–2, vicar of Barking, 5th March, 1646/7, and Rector of Beckenham, Kent, 19th October, 1647. He married on 1st January, 1644–5, Joanna, daughter of John Christmas. Four of his children were baptised at Beckenham, viz. John in 1651, Elizabeth in 1653 and another Elizabeth, and Peter, on 3rd November, 1657. Calamy says that during his eleven years' stay at Beckenham he was well beloved though he sometimes met with rudeness from such persons as despised the ministerial office. (source BHO, Survey of London)

1648 – Surrey Heritage record: Receipt from Henry Snelgrave of Beckenham, Kent, to John Evelyn of the Middle Temple for £2250, the consideration money in a bargain and sale of 13 Jul between Snelgrave and John, George and Richard Evelyn.Witnessed by Robert Abbott, scrivener, his servant Robert Cleton [Clayton] and Thomas Snelgrave. Endorsed as being a mortgage of the Manor of Beckenham for three years. With note by William Bray about Abbott and Clayton. [HMC p.678a].


John Evelyn is the famous diarist of Sayes Court Deptford. We might assume that the subsequent sale to the St. Johns would be that Snelgrave decided to sell or not repay the mortgage. This may make me re-assess the records about the ownership and rejoining of Beckenham Manor in that Oliver St. John bought one part about 1635 and his brothers Walter and Henry bought the other part in 1651. Whether the Evelyns are doing a quick trade of the Beckenham Manor is to be confirmed but that was the outcome. Evelyn's diary records his purchase and sales of some other properties during his lifetime. In fact he mentions buying the Manor of Wurcott from his brother in 1648 and selling it later the same year as well as visiting other properties.


1650 - End of the English Civil War

1651 – Beckenham Manor, Snelgraves part.  Surrey Archive: Confirmation of bargain and sale (in return for purchase money) 1) John Evelyn of Middle Temple, George Evelyn of Wotton and Richard Evelyn of Baynards, esqs 2) Walter and Henry St John of Battersea, esqs. Moiety of manor of Beckenham, Kent, and of advowson; also manor house and certain named fields.[This may be a stray record from the Evelyn archives introduced by William Bray]. https://www.surreyarchives.org.uk/collections/getrecord/SHCOL_LM_SectionG_10_9_4_1
The Evelyns were active in the buying and selling of properties, some are referred to in John Evelyns diary.

1657 – The Manor of Beckenham is rejoined under Sir Walter St. John which had been divided into two moieties (parts) – see the legend transcript of the map previous page.  Oliver St. John who had purchased one part from Patricius Curwen circa 1635 leaves his part to a son John who dying young in 1657 leaves his part and the title baronet to his uncle Walter, now Sir Walter St. John of Battersea. This extract from Philipott’s Villare Cantianum of 1659 is part of the explanation of how the manor was divided and then rejoined: (Hasted subsequently quotes Philipott with differences and a lineage of the St. Johns).

Philipot: "this Mannor as I said before, being annexed to the patrimony of Thomas Tirrell, Humphrey Tirrell his Grandchild to whom it descended, passed away one Moietie of it in the thirty fifth year of Henry the eighth to Ralph Warren, and the other to Henry Parke; Warren alienated his Proportion not long after to Bradbury, from which Family about the latter End of Q. Eliz. it came over by Sale to Serjeant Gent, who gave it in Dower with his Daughter to Sir George Dalston of Cumberland, who in our Memory conveyed it to Sir Patrick Curwin of the same County, and he some few years since sold his Interest in it to Sir Oliver St. John of Batricksey in Surrey, who upon his Decease gave it to his Son then Mr. Walter, but now upon the Death of his Nephew, Sir Walter St. John Baronet, the other Moitie by Joan sole Heir of the abovesaid Henry Parke, came to be the Inheritance of Mr. Robert Leigh descended out of Cheshire, whose Successor about the latter End of King James alienated it to Sir Henry Snelgrave, from whom it descended to his Grandchild Mr. Henry Snelgrave, who not long since passed it away to Mr. Walter, now Sir Walter St. John Baronet, who lately hath exchanged the whole Mannor, for other Land with his Brother Mr. Henry St. John."

Hasted: (editor's comments in parenthesis)

Oliver, the eldest son, purchased the moiety of Beckenham of Sir Patrick Curwen, and died in the life time of his father, having married Catharine, daughter and coheir of Horatio, lord Vere of Tilbury, by whom he had Sir John St. John, bart. who died before he came of age, unmarried, and was succeeded by his uncle, Sir Walter St. John, in the title of Baronet, and in his estates at Lydiard Tregoze, Battersea, and Wandsworth, and in the moiety of this manor of Beckenham and advowson of the church, of which, having before purchased the other moiety, possessed now the entire fee of them. He died at his seat at Battersea, in 1708, and was interred there, leaving an only son Henry, who was on July 2, in the 2d year of king George I. created baron St. John of Battersea, and viscount St. John, and died about the 90th year of his age, in 1742, and was succeeded in the possession of this manor and advowson by Henry St. John, visc. Bolingbroke, his only son by his first wife Mary, second daughter and coheir of Robert Rich earl of Warwick. By his second wife, Angelica Magdalene, daughter of George Pillesary, a French officer under Louis XIV. he had three sons and one daughter; of which sons John, the second, will be mentioned hereafter, as continuator of the male line; the other two died unmarried Henry St. John, the only son of the lord viscount St. John, by his first wife, being one of the ministers of state to queen Anne, and of her privy council, was, in the 11th year of that reign, created Baron St. John of Lydiard Tregoze, in Wiltshire, and Viscount Bolingbroke, in Lincolnshire, with remainder, for want of issue male, to Sir Henry St. John, his father, and the heirs male of his body. In 1715, the 2d year of king George I. his honours were forfeited by attainder, but he was restored in blood in 1723, and two years afterwards an act passed, enabling him and his issue to inherit the family estate, notwithstanding his attainder. He died in 1751, in the seventyninth year of his age, having been twice married; first to Frances, daughter and coheir of Sir Francis Windebank, bart. of Berkshire; and secondly to Mary Clara des Champs de Maresilly, marchioness de Vilette, relict of the marquis Vilette, and niece to the celebrated madam de Maintenon, wife to Louis XIV. but having no issue by either, his titles and estates descended to his nephew, Frederick, the third lord viscount St. John, viz. son of John, second and only surviving son of Henry, viscount St. John, by his second wife Angelica, before mentioned.John viscount St. John, married in 1729, Anne, one of the three daughters and coheirs of Sir Robert Furnese, bart, of Waldershare, in this county, and had by her Frederick before mentioned, and Henry, now a lieutenant-general in the army, and two daughters.

Frederick, the eldest son, on his father's death, which happened in France, in 1749, succeeded to his titles and estates, and upon the death of his uncle, above mentioned, inherited his dignities of viscount Bolingbroke, and baron of St. John of Lydiard Tregoze; in 1757, he married the lady Diana Spencer, eldest sister of George, the present duke of Marlborough, (which marriage was dissolved by act of parliament, anno 8 George III.) by whom he had two sons, George and Frederick.

Frederick viscount Bolingbroke, in 1773, passed away the manor of Beckenham, and its appurtenances (in which conveyance the advowson of the church was excepted) an act having passed for this purpose, by sale to John Cator. (but excluding the old Manor House and  Court Downs previousely exchanged with the Burrells)


 


1659 - Thomas Philipott writes his “Diligent Survey of the Mannors of KENT: Entituled, VILLARE CANTIANƲM.” Information is later extracted by Edward Hasted for his Topography and History of Kent and Lysons’ Environs of London. (spellings in this tract are as they appear in the publication).

Bekenham near Bromley helps to give Name to the Hundred wherein it is placed, and of old time was held by Gentlemen, called in Latine Records de Rupella, in French de la Rochel, and in English Rokeley, and were in their original Etymologie extracted from Rochel in France, Richard de Rokeley died seised of this Mannor, in the fifth year of Edward the first, Rot. Esc. Num. 6. and was succeeded in the Possession by Philip de la Rokeley, and he held it likewise at his Death, which hapened in the 23 year of Edw. the first, Rot. Esc. Num. 39. and left it to his Sole Daughter and Heir Isolda de la Rokeley matched to William Bruin, by whom She had Issue Sir Maurice Bruin, Chamberlaine to K. Edw. the third, honoured with the Summons to Parliament as Baron amongst the Peers of this Realm, who by a Right derived to him from his Mother, was possest of this at his Death, in the twenty ninth of Edward the third, Rot. Esc. Num. 38. and transmitted a wide and spreading Revenue to his Posterity here, at Southokenden in Essex, and at Roumere in Hantshire, which last was given in Appendage to a younger Son, from whom the Bruins of Athelhampton in the County of Dorset, are lineally de∣scended. But when after a fair continuance this Family had flourished at this Place, the Distaffe prevailed against the Speare, and Sir Henry Bruins two Daughters and Coheirs about the Beginning of Edward the fourth, divided his Inheritance, each of them having a first and second Husband: Alice the eldest was first married to Robert Harleston of Essex Esquire, and after to Sir Thomas Heveningham; and Elizabeth second Daughter was wedded first to Thomas Tirrell of Heron in Essex Esquire, and after his Decease to Sir William Brandon Knight, who was Standard-bearer to Henry the seventh at Bosworth Field, where he was stain in asserting his Cause and Quarrel against Richard the third, and he had Issue by her Sir Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk, the Flower and perfection of English Chivalrie in his Time, who sometimes kept his Residence at this place, (not as Proprietarie, but onely as Lessee, for the Sole In∣heritance upon the Division of Bruin's Estate accrued to Tirrell;) and here enter∣tained Henry the eighth, with all the Cunning Pompe of Magnificence, as he went to bestow a Visit at Hever, on his discarded, and repudiated wife Ann of Cleve. But to go on, this Mannor as I said before, being annexed to the patrimony of Thomas Tirrell, Humphrey Tirrell his Grandchild to whom it descended, passed away one Moie∣tie of it in the thirty fifth year of Henry the eighth to Ralph Warren, and the other to Henry Parke; Warren alienated his Proportion not long after to Bradbury, from which Family about the latter End of Q. Eliz. it came over by Sale to Serjeant Gent, who gave it in Dower with his Daughter to Sir George Dalston of Cumberland, who in our Memory conveyed it to Sir Patrick Curwin of the same County, and he some few years since sold his Interest in it to Sir Oliver St. John of Batricksey in Surrey, who upon his Decease gave it to his Son then Mr. Walter, but now upon the Death of his Nephew, Sir Walter St. John Baronet, the other Moitie by Joan sole Heir of the abovesaid Henry Parke, came to be the Inheritance of Mr. Robert Leigh descended out of Cheshire, whose Successor about the latter End of King James alienated it to Sir Henry Snelgrave, from whom it descended to his Grandchild Mr. Henry Snelgrave, who not long since passed it away to Mr. Walter, now Sir Walter St. John Baronet, who lately hath exchanged the whole Mannor, for other Land with his Brother Mr. Henry St. John.

Langley in this Parish is a second Seat of eminent Account, which was in elder Times the Possession of John de Malmains, who obtained a Charter of Free-War∣ren to his Lands in Bekenham, in the twelfth year of Edward the second, which was renewed to Henry de Cliffe, to whom they accrued by Purchase from Malmains, in the third year of Edward the third; but stayed not long in the Tenure of this Fa∣mily, for before the going out of Edward the third, I find the Propriety invested by Sale in Langley, to which Family the Foundation of that HOuse owes in part its Original, on which they ingraffed their own Name, which hath flourished under that Title ever since, though the Family be withered away and gone, the last of which Name at this place was Ralph Langley, who with Roger Twisden, Stephen Monins, Edward Monins, John Edingham or Engham, Richard Edingham, John Berton of Cotman∣ton in Shouldon, John Berham, John Betenham of Shurland in Pluckley, and others, Gentlemen of prime Rank in this County, were summoned to appear before Robert Poynings and John Perry, in the twelfth year of Henry the sixth, to disclaim the Title of the House of York, and this Ralph died in the year 1451, and ordered Langley and other demeasns at Bekenham to be sold for the discharging his Debts, the purport and Effects of which Will were accordingly performed, and his Estate at Bekenham and Langley, passed away by Sale to John Violett, whose Successors enjoyed it until the Be∣ginning of Hen. the eighth, and then it was conveyed to John Stiles Esq; who much inlarged the House with a supply of Buildings, and from him is it by Descent devolved to be the instant Possession of his Successor Sir Humphrey Stiles Knight and Baronet.

Kelseys lies likewise in this Parish, and may justly exact our Notice; by Deeds written in a Character that hath an Aspect upon the Reign of Henry the third, John de Kelsey, William de Kelsey, and others of that Sirname are represented to have an In∣terest in this Seat, and from hence it is probable the Kelseys of Surrey did derive their first Extraction, however by the Injuries of Time they have been in succeeding Generations cast under the umbrage of an obscurer Fortune: But I return, After this Family had deserted the Possession of this place, which was before the latter End of Richard the the second, I find the Brograves stepped in, and by purchase became Lords of the Fee, a Family which in very old Deeds writ themselves Burgrave, and sometimes Boroughgrave, though now a more easie Pronunciation hath melted it into Brograve, which represents the Etymologie of the Name, to have been in its Origi∣nal perfectly Saxon. In the year 1479, there was a License granted (as appears by the Records of Rochester) to William Brograve by the then Bishop of that Diocess, to erect an Oratory or Chapple at his Mannor-house of Kelseys, the Vestigia or Reliques of which are yet obvious to an inquisitive Eye, and from this William did the Title and possession in an even Current come down to Mr. Thomas Brograve, who being not many years since deceased, his Widow Mrs. Martha Brograve now in respect of Join∣ture, enjoys the present Possession of it.

Foxgrove is the last place of Account in this Parish, it had in elder times Pro∣prietaries of this Sirname; for I find John de Foxgrove paid respective Aid for it in the twentieth year of Edward the third, at making the Black Prince Knight. After this Family succeeded Bartholomew Lord Burwash, and he held it at his Decease, which was in the twenty ninth year of Edward the third, Rot. Esc. Num. 44. and from him it descended to his Son Bartholomew Lord Burwash, who in the forty third year of the abovesaid Prince, passed it away to Sir Walter de Paveley, and in his Family it remained untill the latter End of Richard the second, and then it was conveyed to Vaux of the County of North-Hampton, and there made its abode untill the latter End of Henry the sixth, and then it was alienated to John Grene Esquire, and he died possest of it in fourth year of Edward the fourth; and in this Family did the Title reside, untill the Beginning of Henry the eighth, and then it was demised to Beversea, and Humphrey Beversea, I find held it in the eighteenth year of Henry the eighth, and his Descendant passed it away to Luke Hollingworth, and he about the Beginning of K. Edward the sixth, sold his Interest in it to Alderman Sir Jo. Oliff of London, and he dying with∣out Issue Male, Joan matched to John Leigh of Addington Esquire, was his sole Heir, and in Right of this Alliance, did it come down to Sir Francis Leigh late of East-Wickham; whose Widow Dowager the Lady Christian Leigh, is now in Possession of it.


Hasted could the report the events of the next 150 years but we can dispute a few details later in this timeline.

1660 - King Charles II until 1685 (The Restoration of the Monarchy)

1660 - Langley passes from Humphrey Style (1585-1660) who dies without issue so his half brother William Style (1603-1679) inherits. This portrait of William is dated to 1636 and shows him before becoming landlord of Langley. William has two sons and two daughters but only one son, Humphrey has descendants. (see 1679)


1671 – A list of benefactors to the Parish of Lewisham lists: “William Bond, A house at Stump’s Hill, from which nothing is now received. To the poor of Lewisham and Southend “ (source: Lysons, Environs of London). We cannot say if this is a house on the site of Beckenham Place or one near it. The maps of Beckenham and Foxgrove manors indicate a strip of land which lies between the northern part of the two Manor’s lands and another reference mentions ‘woodland between Foxgrove and Beckenham Manors. A map of the Cator road diversion shows a farm which was between Foxgrove Farm and Copers Cope Farm and so far has escaped identification by name.

1674 - Hugh Raymond's date of birth. He later becomes owner of Langley Park, Beckenham and father of Jones Raymond who will become owner of all or part of Foxgrove Manor much of which eventually becomes Beckenham Place Park. His family came from Saling in Essex and he is referred to as Hugh Raymond of Stepney, Saling and Langley. He becomes a ship’s captain with the East India Company and a director of the South Sea Company. He is later implicated in the South Sea Bubble affair. His story is interesting and deserves more investigation. Several records are in the British Library.

1679 - Humphrey Style (1648-1718) inherits Langley from his father William Style (1603-1679)

1682 - 10 February 1682[/3] Release (lease missing) for £91 of messuage in Beckenham, barn, orchard, land and 2 closes called Eastfield, at Elmers End (8 1/2 acres.);
John Sumpner, of Lambeth, waterman and Anne, his wife
to Hugh Surrey, of London, merchant

(source: BHC).  These records are a small  window on the smaller properties and owners for periods which are very much a mystery. see 1703 connected.

1684 - Henry St. John (1652-1742); from Lysons;  In 1684, being then Mr. Henry St. John, he was tried for the murder of Sir William Estcourt, Bart. and was convicted. Bishop Burnet speaking, no doubt, of this affair, tells the story thus:—That a young gentleman of a noble family, in the year 1684, being at supper with a large party, a sudden quarrel arose between him and another gentleman, very warm words passed, and swords were drawn, three persons were engaged in the rencounter, one of whom was killed on the spot, the other two were indicted for murder; it appeared uncertain by which the fatal wound was given, nor did the proof against either amount to more than manslaughter: yet the gentleman abovementioned being one of the two, was advised to confess the indictment, and to let sentence pass for murder. He was threatened with the utmost rigour of the law if he neglected to follow this advice; if he complied, he was promised a pardon. He thought it prudent to comply, and was convicted accordingly: but to his cost found, that his pardon was to be purchased at the high rate of 16,000 l.; one half of which the king converted to his own use; and bestowed the remainder upon two ladies who were in great favor. This is bishop Burnet's account (fn. 36). It appears, however, that after the conviction, a doubt arose, whether the king could pardon him.—The matter was much debated, and bishop Barlow wrote one of his cases of conscience upon the subject (fn. 37) : he determines the point in the affirmative. It is said, that to obviate all doubts, the king granted him only a reprieve; in confirmation of this, no pardon appears to have been enrolled (fn. 38) : the reprieve was for a long term of years, which the extreme old age which he attained rendered it probable that he would survive. In 1716 he was created Baron St. John of Battersea, and Viscount St. John, and died in 1742, as mentioned above, on the verge of ninety. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-environs/vol1/pp26-48
Henry was the son of Walter St.John who had bought one half of Beckenham Manor in 1651. His son John  and grandson Frederick followed him in ownership of this moiety. The two ladies referred to would have been among Charles II's string of mistresses one assumes.

1685 - King James II until 1688

1688 - Peter Burrell I (1649-1718)  purchases Kelseys mansion and land from a descendant of the Brograves. (source: Hasted). Kelseys is an estate of which part will become Kelsey Park, Beckenham, another public park in the remainder of a private estate. Burrell becomes 'of Kelsey' and his descendants will acquire parts of Foxgrove Manor circa 1760 through marriage to Amy Raymond, Jones Raymond’s sister, at least until they exchange it with John Cator.

The Brograves sell Kelsey as a result of financial problems. They had acquired loans over a substantial period and were unable to repay them. Analysis of documents from archives is ongoing. (source; K.Baldwin)

This document may add substance to the details or reasons for the transaction.

http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT7/C78/C78no1063/IMG_0209.htm

and https://uh.edu/waalt/index.php/C78_1688

1689 - King William III and Queen Mary II (after the Glorious Revolution of 1688)

1690 - A Chancery Case Short title: Burrell v Brograve. Plaintiffs: Peter Burrell merchant of London. Defendants: John Francis Brograve. Court of Chancery: Six Clerks Office: Short title: Burrell v Brograve. Plaintiffs: Peter Burrell merchant of London. Defendants: John Francis Brograve esq. Subject: Sale of an estate: Kelsey, Beckenham, Kent ; Hayes, Kent and Bromley. This would take some unravelling as the Brograves had several tenants and intermixed with family names such as Bygrave an Bygrove who may have been related. (source National Archive).

1691 - TNA

C 7/602/21
Description:

Short title: Ligoe v Leigh.

Plaintiffs: Francis Ligoe.

Defendants: Eleanor Leigh (widow of Thomas Leigh) and Francis Leigh.

Place or subject: manor of Foxgrove, Kent.

Document type: answer only

1692 - Peter Burrell II (1692-1756) of Beckenham is born, he will become Peter Burrell I of Langley through marrying Amy Raymond (daughter of Hugh Raymond, sister of Jones Raymond). Peter Burrells I, II, and III of Langley can be traced through History of Parliament online as they were all MP's and held various posts. Some confusion is likely as there were four Peter Burrells in Beckenham from 1688 to 1820.

1699 - The birth of Amy Raymond (1699-1789), daughter of Hugh Raymond of Langley, she would become Mrs Amy Burrell and later as Peter Burrell's widow hold ownership of Foxgrove Manor lands within the park.

The Years 1700 to 1800

This century sees several substantial exchanges of ownership of land in and around Beckenham and elsewhere. The exchanges are due to purchases and sales, inheritance by bequest and some straightforward exchanges of land. There is a background of social interaction and intermarriage which I will refer to but generally the protagonists are written about elsewhere and internet sources can be sought to expand on their stories.

1702 - Queen Anne until 1714

1703 – John Cator the Elder (sometimes spelt Cater or Catter) is born in Ross on Wye. They are a Quaker family and their records are in Friends Meeting House registers. His father is a glovemaker, Jonah Cator and there is a modest amount of land owned by the family. He would later live in Southwark and own the timber business. He will become John Cator the younger’s father in 1728 and it is John Cator the younger who will establish Beckenham Place through several land purchases and exchanges from 1757 until his death in 1806. John Cator’s impact spreads from parts of Lewisham, Sydenham, Beckenham, Bromley, and elsewhere in Kent, Surrey and Essex.(Pat Manning’s “The Cators of Beckenham and Woodbastwick” has more details)

1703 - Lease for 1 year (release missing) of messuage, barn, orchard, toft (site of former barn) (4 perches), in Beckenham, 2 closes of land called Eastfield (3½ acres) in Elmers End, occupier Richard Wolfe 18/08/1703
Parties:| 1. Henry Batt of Penge, yeoman
2. Thomas Surrey, a son of Hugh Surrey of London, merchant, deceased
3. William Tapsfield, of Beckenham, yeoman (source: BHC)

Further to the record of 1682, this records Hugh Surrey's passing and the lease of the property by his son Thomas. Henry Batt is a significant landowner around Penge. The difference in acreage 8.1/2 against 3.1/2 makes me wonder if its a transcription error, 3 and 8 looking similar.


1706 - Jones Raymond is born on the 6th November, baptised on the 29th, the son of Hugh Raymond and Dinah/Dynah (nee Jones), he will become landowner, if only for a short time before his death, of parts of Foxgrove Manor and some of what would later become Beckenham Place Park under John Cator the Younger.


Jones Raymond will become a director in the East India Company eventually selling a ship to the Royal Navy which would take part in the Anson voyage to the Pacific which made Anson an immensely rich person through capturing a Spanish treasure galleon. Ironically, the expedition was crewed by sailors from the Naval hospital most of whom would perish on the voyage one way or another. An interesting connection will be that Admiral Piercy Brett who will occupy Clockhouse at Beckenham/Penge borders is a lieutenant on one of Anson’s fleet of ships. And Clockhouse is subsequently bought by Joseph Cator, brother of John Cator the younger.

Hasted mentions two ‘Jones Raymonds’ ie the first one having a son of the same name, but records show there was only the one who died in 1768.

1706 - Kent House and other propertyApril;  Attested copy articles of partition to divide late estate of Countess of Oxford in Kent and Surrey To Henry Batt - Newlands and Davyes, grounds in Lewisham occupied by Batt; 2 messuages and land in Battersea, Surrey, occupied by John Fox; Messuage, Penge Green, Surrey, occupied by William Musgrave; Lands at Lewisham occupiers Robert Tilt and Richard Clowder; Messuage and land in Bromley and occupied by Thomas Combes; Garden plot by the road at West End of Bromley occupied by the tenant of Kent Lands grounds, and premises at Southborough occupied by Colonel King; Lands, grounds, and premises at Bromley occupied by John White;

To John Reynolds - Kent House Farm; Greenways, Mathews, Allens, and Hamonds Cottage occupied by Thomas Brazier; Messuage at Bromley occupied by Thomas Gardner.

To Robert King, Peter Gelsthorpe and wife: Manor of Rede or Read Court, Marden, Kent occupied by Nicolas Martin, Messuage with backside and orchard Bromley occupied by Richard Ashworth; 2 acres by Plaster Lane, Bromley ocupied by. Thomas Francis; Meadow (1acre) near Mill River, Bromley, with barn and yard, occupied by Edward Cosyns, gentleman; Shrimpsgrove (30 acres) in Orpington and Bromley occupied by George Westbroke, gentleman. source: BHS

1708 - Sir Walter St. John 3rd Baronet (Lord of the Manor of Beckenham) dies at his home in Battersea. (source; Hasted). Sir Walter had sat in two Cromwell parliaments and lost his seat on the Restoration of the Monarchy. His son, Henry 1st Viscount St. John (1652-1742) inherits the Manor of Beckenham along with Battersea and other estates. It should be noted that in some cases landowners may not have resided in the area. The St. Johns were from Wiltshire with homes in Battersea and Walworth, Bolingbrokes had estates in Lincolnshire and elsewhere as did the Earl of Rockingham and Sondes families (Kent). Some of them were members of parliament of held positions at court and in government so would want residences close to London or Westminster. As previously mentioned, a map of 1736 shows the Honourable John St. John as either landowner of occupant of parts of Beckenham Manor.

1708 - 17th January 728/4/1 Bargain and sale for £300 of messuage called Lurchens, with land (33 acres) and 2 closes called Wheatfields (8 acres); recites deed, 1684 John Angier, of Hertfordshire, esq
to Thomas Johnson, of London, vintner. Lurchens Farm it seems will pass into the Humphreys family and this thread needs further research.  In the viscinity of Elmers End.


1711 – Francis Leigh of Hawley, Sutton at Hone dies. He is landlord of Foxgrove Manor and several other places but may have been in some debt. His affairs seem in some disarray and his estate is left in the possession of executors of his will. He requests that any remainder after paying his debts, bequests and funeral expenses go to his eldest son also named  Francis. The Foxgrove Manor gets sold to John Tolson. Hasted and others had said that Francis requested his estates be sold which didn’t really explain the situation. Hopefully a fuller account of the situation will emerge via records of the Court of Chancery but these are numerous. Later Gazette press releases in 1716 explain that Foxgrove is sold to pay creditors. it descended to Sir Francis Leigh, who died in 1711, having directed this and other estates to be sold. This farm was purchased, in 1716, by Mr. John Tolson, and descended to Lancelot Tolson Tilly, who devised it to Timewell Brydges, Esq. for his life, with remainder to John and Edward Brydges, of Wotton. In 1765, it was sold by the Brydges's to Jones Raymond, Esq. who died in 1768,(editors note: by this time Cator had acquired the site of the Mansion in 1760 and Raymond exchanged land with Cator in 1760 casting doubt on the 1765 date) having left this estate between Amy his sister, relict of Peter Burrell, Esq. and William and George Evelyn Glanville, Esqrs. the sons of Bridget, another sister. Mrs. Burrell, having purchased their share, became possessed of the whole. She died in 1789, when this estate devolved upon her son, the late Sir William Burrell, Bart. who sold it to his nephew, Sir Peter (now Lord Gwedir). Sir Peter Burrell exchanged it, in 1793, for other lands, with John Cator, Esq. who is the present proprietor.

1712 – John Tolson purchases Foxgrove Manor presumably from the executors of Francis Leigh’s will. See 1711. Some clarification is needed as Tolson leaves unspecified land in Bromley in his will in 1713 but see 1727 Lancelot Tolson. Foxgrove is mentioned in Chancery Court cases in 1716 in association with paying Francis Leigh's creditors. There is some question as to whether John Tolson bought Foxgrove or  was it his brother Lancelot Tolson.

1714 - King George I until 1727

1714 - Bromley Historic Collections record: Covenant to levy fine of 1 messuage, 1 stable, 1 barn, 1 orchard, 1 garden and water yard 15/04/1714 Crabb Grow (8 acres); woodland (2 acres) lying between the manors of Beckenham and Foxgrove, land (1 acre) occupied Thomas Hughes; cottage, orchard yard backside occupied Thomas Stoute and cottage yard backside occupied Richard Steele, at Clay Hill, Beckenham Samuell Adgate of Bromley, yeoman, Thomas Matkins, Citizen of London, joiner, and Elizabeth his wife, and Robert Sutton of London, barber Chirugeon, and Mary his wife. To Stephen Colstone of Southwark, Surrey, plumber, and William Wicker, of Beckenham, yeoman.  ref.303/1

It would be tempting to identify the Woodland as the strip of land roughly between the mansion and Beckenham Hill ie Stumpshill Wood. ‘Between’ the manors could mean almost anywhere. See the later Foxgrove and Beckenham Manor maps overlain which show an area between the two. Also the 1785 road diversion plan which I have attempted to identify with possible field names and the 1760 Act of Parliament to exchange land between Cator and the Raymond/Burrell family. It wasn’t unknown for fields to be renamed and there is 46 years gap between this and the 1760 Act.

Crabb Grow or Grove is on the Beckenham Manor map along what is now Bromley Road toward Clay Hill and does become Cator’s at a later date.

Covenant to levy a fine is part of a buying and selling property process. It implies one party had not held up his side of the bargain.
Chirurgeon is an archaic spelling for Surgeon.

1715 - Henry St. John, son of Henry St John, Ist Viscount St. John:(Manor of Beckenham)  In 1715, the 2d year of King George I. his honours were forfeited by attainder (for treason), but he was restored in blood in 1723, and two years afterwards an act passed, enabling him and his issue to inherit the family estate, notwithstanding his attainder.(Hasted). Because he supported the Jacobite rebellion seeking to prevent George I taking the throne. This may be reason why a half brother, The Honourable John St. John is shown as landlord on maps and documents.

https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/st-john-henry-ii-1678-1752

1716 – Foxgrove Manor which is believed to have changed hands in 1712 is subject of a Chancery case settling the proceeds of the sale to pay Francis Leigh’s creditors. Sir Francis Leigh of Hawley, in Kent, on his death in 1711 left his estates to executors including Viscount Lord Cheyne and William Longueville of Inner Temple to dispose of and settle any remainder after his debts, bequests and funeral expenses on his eldest son also named Francis. They apparently did not act on the will leaving it to Francis’s wife named Frances to settle. Whether as executor she sold Foxgrove to John Tolson prior to his death in 1713 or it was sold to Lancelot Tolson about 1716. Nevertheless, Lancelot Tolson held it at the time of his death in 1727

1718 – The death of Peter Burrell of Kelsey, the first of the four Peter Burrells associated with Beckenham. His son inherits Kelseys, Peter Burrell 1692-1756

1718 - Humphrey Style (1648-1718) outlives his sons so his daughter Elizabeth inherits Langley. She had married John Elwill in 1704 who by right of his wife holds Langley. Hasted says: "Humphrey Style's only daughter and heir, Elizabeth, carried it in marriage to Sir John Elwill, bart. who died in 1727, without issue by her. This family of Elwill was of Exeter in Devonshire, who bore for their arms, Ermine on a chevron engrailed, between three eagles displayed gules, three annulets or, and were advanced to the dignity of a baronet, in the person of Sir John Elwill, in the 8th year of queen Anne's reign. He was twice married, but left issue only, by his second wife, the daughter and heir of — Leigh of Egham, in Surry, by whom he had two sons, Sir John above-mentioned, and Edmund, who succeeded his brother in title and in this estate of Langley, and in 1732 transferred his property in it, together with the house, called Langley-house, the park, and also the north and south isles of the parish church of Beckenham, to Hugh Raymond of Great Saling, in Essex, esq. who settled them on his only son, Jones Raymond, esq. in tail general; remainder to his eldest daughter, Amy, who married Peter Burrell, esq. and her issue male. On his death his son, Jones Raymond, esq succeeded to this estate, and kept his shrievalty for this county at Langley in 1738, in which year he died, and was succeeded by his son, of the same name, who died unmarried in 1768, on which it descended, by the intail before-mentioned, to his sister, Amy, before mentioned, whose husband, Peter Burrell, esq. in her right, became possessed of it. He died in 1756, having had by her, who survived him, four sons and two daughters. Mrs. Burrell, his widow, afterwards resided here, and died in 1794, on which this seat descended, together with her other estates in this parish, to her grandson, sir Peter Burrell, bart. since created lord Gwydir, of whom a full account has already been given, and he is the present possessor of this seat, with the park and grounds belonging to it."

1719 - Peter Burrell (the second) is recorded as buying a number of fields seemingly to consolidate his Kelsey estate. The fields have been identified on the 1735 Burrell map as being around and between the pre-existing estate. The fields named in the document are Wellers, Leasons, Stirt, Little Down and Longs (source: Kent Archive, research K.Baldwin) (document) appears to date from about 1720 which appears to read Wollers 2.5 acres bounding Bromley to Beckenham highway to the south, lands late of St John West and those late of Lady Leigh North & East. The vendors were Thomas Davies of Wapping surgeon, Christiana Davies wife of William Davies & Thomas Davies of St Dionis Backchurch his only son and heir in the first part, John Russell of Gosburton Lincolnshire clerk eldest son of John Russell late of Wapping clerk who survived Samuel Nicholls late of Wapping woollen draper second part and Peter Burrell third part £930 also including Little Downes 1a Upper Leazons 7.5a late occ Widow Kempsall, Brenan? Field 1.5a (west of lane leading to Peter Burrell’s and abutting his land) occ Roger Brown, Longs late Reuben Musgrave now occ John Walford and Stirt 29a occ Robert Fox – indenture 1718 for 21 yrs. 

1720 - An estate plan of Foxgrove Manor is drawn by surveyor John Holmes. (source: British Library). Though the plan only survives as the redrawn 1766 version by Proudlove (see 1766) it implies that fields and plots aren't much changed. Another map of neighbouring land, Lodge Farm 1720, is in Bromley Historic Collections, showing the landowner on the Foxgrove side as Mr Towlson (Tolson - spellings were often variable and phonetic). I assume the 1720 Foxgrove map was drawn to identify Tolson estates and if it survives may be in some undiscovered archive.

This is part of the  1776 copy which shows  the same landlords as the 1766 but is easier to read. It does not however illustrate the outlying parts of the estate of Stone Farm, Plaistow, parts near Langley and Elmers End etc.

Courtesy of the British Library, Foxgrove Manor extract

1721 - An inventory is taken of all Hugh Raymond's assets, both business and domestic, to do with the South Sea Bubble affair. The British Library has various records such as: "A True and Exact particular and inventory of all and singular the lands ... and personal estate whatsoever which H. Raymond was seised or possessed of, upon the first of June, 1720 ... Made and delivered pursuant to the late act of Parliament. Together with the abstract of the same ". The officers of the South Sea Company are forced to compensate shareholders, a complex subject that cannot be adequately covered here but Hugh Raymond survives with enough assets to be able to purchase Langley Park in 1732. He will become indirectly associated with the story of Beckenham Place.  Hugh Raymond did not own any of Langley at this time but is resident of Saling in Essex, Wapping and Stepney with extensive property assets. Hugh Raymond was also a ship’s captain with the East India Company and other connections with the EIC will become apparent. He had also been a director in the South Sea Company. The Raymond family had extensive estates in Essex and elsewhere.

1723 - Amy Raymond, daughter of Hugh Raymond marries Peter Burrell II of Beckenham and Kelseys who will style himself eventually “of Langley”. The 'Peter Burrells' become confusing as there are four of them associated with Beckenham. Beginning with Peter Burrell of Beckenham (1649-1718), Peter Burrell I of Langley(1692-1756), Peter Burrell II of Langley (1723-1775), Peter Burrell III of Langley(1754-1820) made Lord (Baron) Gwydyr in 1796. Some sources will number them I to IV. History of Parliament online is again a good source of information about them and offices they held etc. This marriage is about 9 years before Hugh Raymond purchases land in Bromley. I believe the links via the East India and South Sea Companies brings the families together.

1723 - A map of Peter Burrell’s estate is drawn by J.Pidduck, copied by Robert Borrowman for his book of 1910. Borrowman copied the map from another copy made in 1829 which was in the Hoare family documents.The original is at Knepp Castle, Sussex, the home of Sir Charles R. Burrell, Bt. The map possibly relates to the Peter Burrell/Amy Raymond marriage settlement several plans were drawn in 1723. All the properties in this map are south of Beckenham with little or none in the Manors of Beckenham or Foxgrove. By marrying Amy Raymond the Burrells came into line for inheriting Langley Park and parts of Foxgrove later. We know of two maps of 1723 which exist in the British Library of a property near Penge Common and of Woolseys Farm at Clay Hill under the Burrells.

With thanks to Sir Charles Burrell Bt. of Knepp Castle, East Sussex who is a direct descendant of William Burrell, a brother of Peter Burrell of Langley. William Burrell is recorded on the 1769 Andrews, Drury and Herbert map as residingat Kelseys


Part of Borrowman's copy alongside the original at Knepp Castle

1725 -  Penge: The vicar of Battersea returned to Bishop Willis that there were only thirteen houses and sixty inhabitants in Penge, who went to Beckenham Church, and for whose care he paid a trifling consideration to the incumbent of Beckenham. (source H.E.Malden

1726 - Thomas Brograve; believed to be a descendant of the Beckenham Brograves; following a court case for murder/manslaughter which seems to be relate to a duel or disturbance. Brograve was branded 'burnt in the hand'.  Compared to punishments meeted out to other felons below:


The Tryals being over, the Court procee ded to give Judgement as followeth;

Receiv'd Sentence of Death, 15.

John Cotterel , John Vanwick , Joseph Treen , Mary Scuffam , John Gillingham , John Map , Katherine Hays , Thomas Billings , Thomas Woods , Gabriel Lawrence , William Griffin , George Keger , Thomas Wright , Henry Vigous , James Dupree .

John Murrel was likewise convicted Capitally; but being dangerously ill, his Sentence was respited.

Katherine Hays to be drawn on a Hurdle, to the Place of Execution, and there to be burnt.

Burnt in the Hand, 3.

Francis Chandler , Thomas Bragrave , and Katherine Blisset .

To be Whipt, 1.

William Baker .

To be Transported, 34.

Sarah Orchard , Sarah Hutchins , Mary Loveday , Thomas Atkinson , William Watson , Mary Cockshead , Mary Trigger , Rebecca Bignell , Ann Macclane , Elizabeth Fletcher , John Jackson , Joseph Brockhouse , Benjamin Blocksedge , Temperance Stonly, Rebecca Read , Thomas Owen , Charles Atkins , James Hopkins , William Munn , Thomas Fleetwood , Richard Richmond , Isabel Harris , Tozar Williams, Samuel Butler , William Thomson , James Roberts , Ann Ambrose , John Mackey , William Lawrence , Katherine Hastings , Thomas; Cartwright. Philip-Chars O' Conner, Sarah Dickins , Sarah Fox , Edward Prics , John Burdet Mary Williams , William Parker , Edward Simkins .

John Boon , to suffer 12 Months Imprisonment, and not to be discharged till he finds Security for his good Behaviour, for 1 Year more.

1727 - King George II until 1760

1727 – Lancelot Tolson leaves land he inherited from his brother John Tolson in trust to his nephew, Lancelot Tolson Tilly. This includes Foxgrove Manor, Stone Farm etc according to Hasted. (This farm was purchased, in 1716, by Mr. John Tolson, and descended to Lancelot Tolson Tilly, who devised it to Timewell Brydges, Esq. for his life, with remainder to John and Edward Brydges, of Wotton. In 1765, it was sold by the Brydges's to Jones Raymond, Esq. who died in 1768) But John Tolson died in 1713 and had land in Bromley which was most likely Foxgrove at the time of his death. The ownership through the Tolsons and Tillys is complicated not least by the fact that offspring died before parents and sometimes intestate. However, studying the wills of the Tolsons and Tillys shows that  land was left by Mary Tilly in three bequests, see 1743. The account by Hasted leaves some questions not least the date of 1716 which does match the Chancery Court case concerning the disposal of Foxgrove by Francis Leigh’s executors to pay his creditors but that would imply that Lancelot Tolson purchased Foxgrove, perhaps to extend property his brother John purchased before 1713. 

1727 - Elizabeth Style had carried Langley (source: from Hasted) in marriage to Sir John Elwill, bart. who died in 1727, without issue by her. The property of Langley and title passed to Sir John Elwill's brother Edmund, now Sir Edmund Elwill.

1728 - John Cator the elder marries Mary Brough as recorded on 11th February (source: P.Manning and Ancestry.co.uk). We can now access the Quaker meeting house record via online heritage sites (Ancestry.co.uk). This marriage takes place at the Savoy and Westminster meeting house. John Cator (the elder) is described as a Timber Merchant and so is his father-in-law John Brough of the Parish of St. James, Westminster. John was only in his 20’s and whether he had his own business is questionable, perhaps working for the man who becomes his father in law. Pat Manning records that he had his business on Bankside in 1741. John Cator’s father Jonah is described as a glover late of Ross, Herefordshire also a Quaker. Looking at ancestry records, Ross was an epicentre of Cators, sometimes spelled Cater or Catter. Some Cators were following the established Church of England and others Quakerism, whether they were all the same extended family is a good question. Bearing in mind that the subsequent John Cator of Beckenham Place and his family, although raised as Quakers, were buried in C of E churchyards it seems that changing faith or mode of worship was not uncommon. Though early Quakers were fined for not attending Church and persecuted along with other non-conformist religions, I haven’t found any record of corporal or capital punishment unless one looks at Quakers in America, some of whom were executed by Puritans. As the officially recognized Church of England ran some of the functions now performed by Local Authorities via Parish Councils then avoiding paying money to the church via tithes was perhaps a bit like not paying your council tax and reminiscent of the poll tax demonstrations of more recent times.


Note other spelling ‘variations’ such as publickly. Also, the Quakers followed a different calendar with the year commencing on 25th of March.

Early Friends/Quakers objected to the names of the days and months in the English language because they were of a non-Christian origin. Sunday was called as such by the Saxons because it was the day they sacrificed to the sun. Monday was the day they sacrificed to the moon; Thursday was the day they sacrificed to the god Thor; and so on. Quakers thought it inconsistent for Christians to continue using the names of heathen idols. In an effort to distance themselves from these references, they created their own calendar terms using numbers, which seemed to them to be the most rational approach. Days of the week were known as “First Day” for Sunday, “Second Day” for Monday, and so forth. They used no other names but these, either in their spoken conversations or in their letters. Similarly, the months of the year were known as “First Month” for January, “Second Month” for February, and so forth. If you were a Quaker, you were expected to adopt these practices in your daily life.

Hence, the 2nd month in this record is the month of April (see text).

1728 - John Cator the younger is born in March to John Cator the elder and Mary Brough (1703 - 1764). Recorded in Quaker Meeting House registers under Southwark Births, John Cator the elder (father) identified as of the Parish of Lambeth, Surrey being a resident of Bankside? Just outside of Southwark or not yet resident at Bankside is yet to be confirmed. John the younger is often referred to as being born in Ross-on-Wye which is erroneous according to this record and perhaps a mistake as the father, John Cator the elder was from Ross but had become a timber merchant either at Bankside Southwark by this time or working for his father in law. The records show that the birth took place before the marriage and this it seems was more common than generally accepted. Indeed, the only methods for monitoring population growth were from baptisms and burials known as the Bills of Mortality. Not everyone was baptised and probably not all deaths resulted in a church burial.
The Quaker records are considered as one of the non-conformist religions. The Wikipedia entry regarding Bills of Mortality states: It must be noticed that the record is of christenings, not births; hence the figures do not include the births of Quakers, Dissenters, Jews, Roman Catholics, etc.


1728 - June; Leas and release is a property purchase method, Burrell extending his estate, some fields called Gatton's Land are traceable. The occupation of Gatton is interesting. source BHS


Lease and release of property in Beckenham, Kent, known as Holdens, Wallnut Tree Field, Colman's Croft and other land, from Richard Pearch of Keston, Kent, gentleman and Nathaniel Gatton of the Isle of Thanet, Kent, Riding Officer in His Majesty's Customs and Elizabeth, his wife to Peter Burrell of Beckenham, esquire in consideration of the sum of £532, for the lives of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Gatton.

1732 – Hugh Raymond of Saling and Stepney purchases Langley Park Estate and Simpson's Place/Farm, sold by Sir Edmund Elwill who had inherited from his brother Sir John Elwill, husband of Elizabeth Style (according to Hasted). The Styles, Elwills, Raymonds and Burrells all have memorials in St. Georges Church, Beckenham. Included in the sale of the Elwill/Styles estates is Simpsons Place which was adjacent to Bromley town. Langley straddles the Parish boundary between Beckenham and West Wickham. Elizabeth Elwill nee Style had married a Henry Bartelott after John Elwill decease. She died in 1731 which may have affected the date of the sale by Edmund. Story about family feud. Perhaps Elizabeth had intentions of carrying the estate to Bartelott? A memorial to Elizabeth is in St. George's raised by Bartelott.

1733 – John Cator’s (the Younger) brother Joseph is born. Recorded in St. Saviours Parish Southwark at the Monthly Meeting of Southwark: Union of Southwark and [St John] Horsleydown, Friends Meeting House. (from Quaker records). Joseph will be the father of John Barwell Cator who inherits Beckenham Place and its estates after 1806 and other siblings who will be trustees of the estates. Horsley Down is an area of Southwark/Bermondsey near Tower Bridge.

1734 - to be confirmed.  The bell from the clocktower of the burnt out stable block in Beckenham Place is dated 1734 which may be the date of the construction of the Clockhouse stables, or maybe even the house.  I recall seeing dated plates on the clock of its manufacture date and a repair/refurbishment date but the clock is now mostly destroyed. The bell is to be installed in the new cafe. The whole clocktower is said to have been transferred from Clockhouse to Beckenham Place, but the date is unknown. I'd like to think John Barwell Cator did it possible after the death of his father Joseph Cator who had been living at Clockhouse. Or perhaps part of general agrandisement of Beckenham Place by J.B.Cator.

1734 - 17th April Manor of Beckenham lands; Lease for 21 years at £88 per annum, of 6 closes (63 acres) in Clay Lane (occupiers, abuttals, and field names given); 7 closes (65 acres), (field names given); 3 closes called The Riddens; Riddens Wood (between Clockhouse and Penge) (20 acres); messuage and land (4 acres) occupier Mr Lethalear (Lethieullier)

Honorable John Lord Monson, Baron Burton and Honorable Richard Edgcumbem, of Mount Edgcumbe, Devon, Trustees of Honorable John St John
to Henry Batt, of Penge,Yeoman. (source; BHC 728/2/1)

Henry Batt had land at Penge and it was common for additional land to be leased from neighbouring landlords. The lease from John St. John  evidences that the St.Johns were probably not personally involved in much to do with Beckenham. John St. John 1702-1748, father of Frederick St. John (Bolingbroke), grandson of Sir Walter St. John


1735 – Another map of the Burrell estates in Beckenham and Penge reproducing detail from the 1723 map but dated 1735 drawn by John Pidduck. Recently (2019) discovered at Knepp Castle, Sussex the home of Sir Charles R. Burrell, Bt. whose branch of the Burrells descended from Peter Burrell and Amy Raymond via their younger son William who married Sophia, the daughter of Sir Charles Raymond and Sarah (nee Webster). The map is interesting as it records the arrival of Col. Hugh Raymond, spelled Raymund on the map and Penge is spelt Pench, onto the Langley estate which he bought from Sir John Elwill. The map also shows land belonging to Tolson or Toulson and Tilly. This land or much of it will come into the possession of John Cator giving rise to the interwoven patchwork of ownership which would enable later exchanges to consolidate estates. Other detail on the map shows Kelsey with a formal square lake and more detail that could only be related in a small book.











A section of the map from Knepp Castle, courtesy of Sir Charles R. Burrell, Bt. ©

1735 - Map of Langley. The original has not been found but Kent Archive has a later copy as part of 1826 title deeds when Langley was bought by the Goodhart family. Neighbouring landowners John St. John, Lethieullier and Lancelot Tolson Tilly are indicated. Hugh Raymond had bought Langley and Simpsons Farm Bromley from the Elwills in 1732. This section is only part of the park which was bought by the Goodharts.

Courtesy of Kent Archive

1735/36 - Peter Collinson (John Cator's eventual father in law) meets Carl Linnaeus (Carl von Linne) on Linnaeus’s only recorded visit to England and they become lifelong correspondents on botanical and other scientific matters. An association has been made between Cator, Collinson and Carl Linnaeus the botanist, assuming that Linnaeus contributed to the landscaping of Beckenham Place Park. We have gathered evidence regarding relevant dates of birth and death as well as age of the individuals and known movements of Linnaeus indicating this was very unlikely if not impossible. The originating reference to such an event seems to be in Robert Borrowman’s "Beckenham Past and Present" but I believe this to be a confusion arising out of the Collinson/Linnaeus connection. Linnaeus's son later visits London in 1781 in the time of John Cator and we are investigating whether they met. No evidence has emerged so far despite some material relating to Linnaeus the younger being discovered at the London Linnaean Society. Peter Collinson did communicate regularly with Linnaeus by letter. Linnaeus's only known visit to Britain was in 1735/36 when he met Collinson among many others, long before Cator then aged 7 married Collinson's daughter or created Beckenham Place. Collinson enabled Linnaeus to collect various plant specimens and collections. On Collinson's death his books and papers were passed to John Cator and thence inherited by John Barwell Cator, who then enabled them to be copied by the emergent Linnaean Society of London. One of many interesting exchanges Collinson had with Linnaeus and others was the speculation as to where swallows went in winter. It was even thought they might hibernate under water and they discussed experiments to see if this was true involving putting swallows in or near barrels of water. Collinson also discussed electricity with Franklin and the migration of people to America and its impact on the Native Americans. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and contributed to the establishment of the Foundling Hospital. Having originated from a family home in Peckham he moved to a house inherited via his wife at Mill Hill and established his garden there. It is now the Mill Hill School; see the Mill Hill Society for further information.

       Peter Collinson (1694-1768)            Carl von Linne (1707-1778)

1736 – Elmers End Farms, Thayers Farm, The Mead, Beckenham. Wm. Brasier produces a map of the estates of Thomas Motley’s Farms at Elmers End, Thayers Farm near Clockhouse and a dwelling house in Beckenham village called The Mead on what is now known as Thornton’s corner. Neighbouring landowners are indicated. Thayers Farm is alongside the site of Clockhouse which would become the place of birth of John Barwell Cator who inherits Beckenham Place in 1806. The Clockhouse site is shown as belonging to the Lethieulliers in 1736. The Cators will later be owners or neighbours of these lands but the map answers some questions about ownership, field patterns and buildings. Other landowners shown are The Hon. John St. John (parts of Beckenham Manor), Samuel Pugh (part of the High Street where he had a mansion) and several borders with the Burrells. St.John Humphrey is also shown. The map is also a work of art in its drawing and embellishments and an example of surveyors’ and draughtsmans’ skills. (source; Kent archive). The Motleys may have been in Beckenham for some time as William Motley buried in 1727 at St. George's as an infant looks like a son of Thomas. Thomas was buried in 1758 and another Thomas who was probably a nephew according to Thomas's will was buried in 1770 at the age of 44. However, Thomas Motley d.1758 seems to have left all his property to his surviving daughter and her husband Francis Austin. Thomas had a sister Margaret who married into the Twycross family of Abingdon. I assume his brother was named William who was father to the nephews William and Thomas. Several Motleys are potential ancestors and some property in Dagenham was mentioned in the will.

Although this relates to  Elmers End much earlier, an area now inside South Norwood Country Park called The La Motes is covered by this document; https://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/sites/default/files/archcant/1976%2091%20A%20Double-Moated%20Site%20at%20Beckenham%20Thronhill.pdf

1737 - Hugh Raymond of Langley, dies and his son Jones Raymond inherits Langley Park, Simpsons Farm and other extensive properties in Essex. Hugh Raymond had purchased Langley Park in 1732 (source: Hasted, Burrell map etc.). The name Jones is derived from Hugh's wife’s maiden name. Her father Samuel Jones was also in the EIC, another ship’s captain. We recently find heritage record evidence that Hugh’s wife’s name was Dinah(Dynah) Jones and Samuel Jones was her father. Again, referring to Hasted's entry for Langley Park can explain detail but we may revisit the history of Langley in a separate account. Jones Raymond is also involved with the East India Company becoming a director. About this time, Peter Burrell was deputy governor of the South Sea Company of which Hugh Raymond was a director. Hasted’s record of the history of Langley would have us believe that Hugh’s son Jones also had a son named Jones but this is an error. I can only find record of one ‘Jones Raymond’ supported by evidence from St.George’s church memorials and birth and death records via Ancestry.co.uk. The memorials to the Raymond’s are in St. Georges Church, Beckenham, Hugh’s is pictured here. Hugh Raymond was, as well as being an EIC ships captain, ship owner and director of the South Sea Co, he became a Colonel of the Tower Hamlets' Militia for the defence of London and had a house on Tower Hill. He was also listed as being on the board of St. Thomas’s Hospital. Some of his letters regarding the day to day business of the EIC can be found in the British Library. His nephew Sir Charles Raymond is the subject of more detailed biographies. Land in Hugh Raymond’s possession on the Burrell 1735 map is annotated “Colonel Raymond” or sometimes spelt Raymund. Some time later William Burrell will marry Sophia, the daughter of Charles Raymond (Sir) and the descendant of that line Sir Charles Burrell, Baronet now occupies Knepp Castle in Sussex. William Burrell is shown as occupying premises near Kelseys on the 1769 Andrews and Drury map.



Hugh Raymond’s memorial plaque is in St. George’s Church Beckenham along with Jones Raymond’s and several members of the Burrell family.

1739 - The Foundling Hospital: After 17 years of tireless campaigning, Thomas Coram finally received a Royal Charter from George II enabling him to establish his Foundling Hospital. Peter Collinson is one of the supporters of the Hospital established to address the problems of orphans, abandoned children, poverty and infant mortality. This was no immediate solution to problems but eventually led to improvements. As an illustration of living conditions in the 18th century, and even the 16th and 19th, it is enlightening. No direct link to the park but there was a small workhouse in Beckenham for the locally impoverished. For a long period people were associated with the Parish of their birth and if found in poverty in another parish were returned to their 'home' parish for poor relief. Some court records show rehabilitation orders for removal of people to home parishes. I recommend "London Life in the 18th Century" by M.Dorothy George if you can get a copy for a description of poverty, working conditions, housing and mortality.

1740/50 circa - A map of Langley (South part) belonging to Jones Raymond. Held in the British Library, the map is undated but Jones Raymond inherited Langley in 1737 on the death of his father, Hugh Raymond. One section of the Langley estate called Stacy's was later exchanged with John Cator. The parcel named Barnfield Wood shown on the map is annotated Lancelot Tolson Tilly who died in 1741. Other landowners shown ie John St.John The map seems to show the part of Langley in West Wickham parish, the northern part of the map is missing. Fields are annotated with an alphanumeric system and legends from L to P. Presumably the other map would show A to K. the estate is divided into leased farms with leaseholders and farm  names shown. The  Langley buildings and  avenue of trees are illustrated. Perhaps the map is dateable to Jones Raymond's inheritance.

Courtesey of the British Library (partial image) Cartographic Items Maps 188.k.3.(7.)

1741 – Lancelot Tolson Tilly (LTT) dies. He had inherited Foxgrove among the estates of his uncle Lancelot Tolson who had no other heirs. By his will of 1737, LTT dies young and in his will he leaves his estates to his parents Joseph and Mary Tilly it seems because he is not expecting a long life and in the will he states that he has not acquired estates in Banstead from his father in law Gabriel Bestman in accordance with his marriage agreement and hence does not leave estates to his wife Elizabeth Tilly nee Bestman. However Joseph and Mary Tilly also die not long after and see his mother’s will of 1743 and his wifes will of 1748 by which process the estates appear to descend to Joseph Groves, Deborah Timewell (nee Bridges) and brothers John and Edward Bridges. The relevance is that Cator acquires a lot of these estates in later purchases and exchanges which in turn he exchanges some of with the Burrells. It appears that LTT also made a will in 1726 whereby he left estates to John Simpson and John Broom (cousins). By my estimation LTT would have been only 10 years of age in 1726 and he subsequently married in 1733 at a tender age of 17 or 18. Although his later will superceded the earlier one a Chancery case was brought by the original beneficiaries.

http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT7/C78/C78no1883/IMG_0084.htm

1742 – Henry St. John, 1st Viscount St. John dies, the Manor of Beckenham is thought to be inherited by his eldest son by his first marriage, Henry, 2nd Viscount St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (ennobled with that title in 1712). But maybe Beckenham Manor was granted to his son by a second marriage, The Honourable John St. John (1702-1748). See Wikipedia and History of Parliament online for more information on the St. Johns/Bolingbrokes. The family seat was in Wiltshire. Their estates were also in Battersea where there was a residence. There is no evidence of them occupying Beckenham Manor as a home and maybe they were absentee landlords although their land in Penge was in the Parish of Battersea. Some St. Johns are buried in St Mary’s Church, Battersea indicating that the residence was some distance from Beckenham Manor. Some question remains about which St.John held Beckenham Manor as "The Honourable John St. John" is annotated on maps around 1735. Perhaps this Henry divided his estates prior to his death as the only real estate mentioned in his will is a remainder left to his daughter Henrietta. Only the effects and chattels of Lydiard Tregoze and Battersea are mentioned. Henry is described in History of Parliament as being a Restoration Rake and was once convicted of murder though a pardon was purchased from the Crown.


Henry 2nd Viscount St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

1743 – This passage explains how Foxgrove Manor becomes divided some land became part of Beckenham Place or was part of exchanges to extend the park:
27 Aug: Mary Tilly nee Tolson dies, sister (niece?) of John Tolson 1670-1713 Gent of Staples Inn London though from Bekesbourne Kent (and Lancelot Tolson his brother of Plaistow, Bromley), widow of Joseph Tilly and in her will Foxgrove land in Bromley, Beckenham and Lewisham that was held in the Tolson family since 1712/16 become divided as she leaves Stone Farm and Plaistow to her widowed daughter in law Elizabeth Tilly. She leaves Foxgrove Farm and woodlands in Bromley, Beckenham and Lewisham to Deborah Timewell a kinswoman married to Edward Timewell of Chigwell, Essex, but the conditions of the Will state that if Deborah dies without issue (which she did in 1752) then the property goes to her brothers John and Edward Bridges, other kinsmen. The link to the Bridges family is via Sir John Roberts of Bekesbourne, Kent who had four or five daughters one of whom married into the Bridges and another into the Tolsons. Another bequest of a farm at Wadhurst goes to Nathaniel Tilly of Shepton Mallet, Somerset. As the Bridges brothers inherit Deborah did not have surviving children. The brothers later sell their parts of Foxgrove to Jones Raymond.

Also, in this year 27/7/1743 presumably before her death Mary Tilly grants the following lease: Originally part of Foxgrove: 14 yr lease from Michaelmas 1743 Mary Tilly to St John Humphrey woodlands named Lewisham Land Wood, Barnfield Wood, Clayhill Wood, Cold Shaws Wood, Bushey Picketts, Bushey Acres, Crooch Oat Shaws, Southerlands Woods, Tootswood, Kingswood, Bromley Wood, The Willows, two pieces Morris Wood – 200a late occ Lancelot Tolson Tilly. (Bromley ref 728/1/3)

St.John Humphrey is shown as a landowner on the various maps, possibly related to the St.Johns by some previous marriage.

The two Morris Wood and Lewisham Lands are on the Foxgrove maps and shown as Morrisswood East and West and Lewisham Lands which is now Summerhouse Wood. Rocque calls the whole area Langstead Wood on his map but I now question his source of information as Langstead Lane on his map is shown as Lagg Street Lane on the Foxgrove map of 1766.

The three pieces of land along with the rest mentioned in the lease come into the possession of John Cator. Barnfield Wood, Bushey Picketts, Bushey Ten Acres are in his exchange with Jones Raymond and Peter Burrell in 1759/60.

When the lease expires in 1757 it matches a time when Cator is acquiring land in Beckenham.

1744 - 22nd May; Release of property and lands called Holdens, Ashenfield, New Wheatfield, Walnut Tree Field and Colman's Croft in Beckenham, Kent, between Nathaniel Gatton of Beckenham, yeoman, son of Nathaniel Gatton, deceased; Francis Dipper of Beckenham, yeoman and Mary, his wife and Elizabeth Gatton, spinster (1st part); Charles Peyton of Clements Inn, Middlesex, gentleman (2nd part) and Peter Burrell of Beckenham, esquire (3rd part). In consideration of the sum of £800 to be laid out be laid out by Burrell in the purchase of South Sea annuities, the first parties bargain and sell the property to Peyton as a perfect tenant in order that a recovery shall be suffered against him to sell the property to Burrell.



1745 - Rocque's Map is published showing about 10 miles around London including the park area. Note the houses or farms on Stoms Hill which would predate the Mansion. Some buildings on Stumps or Stoms Hill make us curious about any pre-existing buildings. Certainly there was a house or farm near the Mansion which is illustrated on the Road Diversion plan, of which more later. The detail in Rocque's Map and some of the names are perhaps questionable. Rocque has Stoms instead of Stumps Hill and Langstead Wood is called Morrisswood or Lewisham Lands on estate plans. Rocque’s use of the name Stoms Hill reminds me of the Stomeshulle name in the 1334 taxation list? Also the road should run more north/south than it does east west on his map which might be regarded as schematic rather than accurate? As he was mapping all of London and its surroundings some short cuts and errors are likely. See the comparison with the Andrews and Drury map of 1769 later on which shows Cator’s house on the site of the buildings indicated in this Rocque map. The will of Izarde Curtys of 1590 refers to his property at Stumpeshill so occupation and buildings predating the current mansion is most likely. If we take Rocque’s map and the Drury map as reasonably accurate then perhaps earlier building remains are under the mansion forecourt and on the opposite side of the drive through the park.




I’m sticking my neck out a bit here but the buildings between Stoms and Hill are the site of the Mansion, supported by the evidence of the Andrews, Drury and Herbert map later on in 1769. The small building just to the right of “Stoms Hill” could be the Home Farm. The buildings just above and left of Fox could be the Farm shown on the 1785 road diversion plan. Southend Road and Beckenham Hill do not exist at this time, the road shown is now the drive through the park.

John Cator’s brother Samuel is born, he will perhaps be the least fortunate of the Cator brothers.

1746-51 - (Elmers End etc) Thomas Motley's daughter Anne marries Francis Austin and Thomas purchases some estates on behalf of Francis. There are marriage settlement documents etc in Kent Archive. Subsequently Anne Motley, now Austin seems to die in childbirth of Francis Motley Austin in 1747. A purchase sum of £3,800 is recorded and there is more to discover about these transactions but I believe the property is in other parts of Kent or maybe Lewisham. More research required.

1748 – Foxgrove: Elizabeth Tilly nee Bestman dies, she had inherited part of Foxgrove Manor from her mother in law Mary Tilly. Her uncle Joseph Groves inherits Stone Farm and land at Plaistow from her. Elizabeth was Lancelot Tolson Tilly’s widow. Foxgrove Farm or Manor was left to John and Edward Bridges by Lancelot Tolson Tilly’s mother Mary Tilly nee Tolson. See earlier entries for the procession of land ownership from Leigh to Tolson to Tolson Tilly and to Groves. All the result of no direct heirs to leave property to either through no issue or early death hence the property of Foxgrove Manor becomes divided between more distant kin. Groves already owned substantial other property as do the other beneficiaries of the Foxgrove bequests.

1748 - Southwark: The Cator timber business recorded as John Cator and Son at Mouldstrand Wharf, Bankside, Southwark. (source: Pat Manning). It may be of some interest to know what became of the timber business of the father in law, John Brough of Westminster. Did both businesses continue or did Brough’s become John’s via any means. I find a John Brough occupation Sawyer married at Ratcliffe Stepney, and residing in Lambeth, dying in 1732. There may be a son who died young in 1721 and another daughter Sarah dying in 1722 and this might make the daugher Mary married to John Cator the elder the only heir.

1748 - Death of The Honourable John St.John who's name appears on maps of Beckenham estates. His son Frederick will inherit the Manor of Beckenham along with St. John estates in Battersea. This link includes good background information about the St.John family https://www.friendsoflydiardpark.org.uk/doc/report33.pdf   but only one reference to Beckenham in John St.John's will " I give and bequeath unto the Reverend Mr Thomas Clarke Rector of Beckenham in the County of Kent the Sum of Fifty pounds of lawfull Mony of Great Britain as a small remembrance for his kind Services" which might recollect some unrecorded visit to Beckenham. Lydiard Tregoze was the family seat in Wiltshire.

1749 - Peter Collinson moves from his house in Peckham to Ridgeway House, Mill Hill. Though seemingly a long way from Cator's home at Southwark it must be remembered that Collinson had a business in Gracechurch Street, London and both families probably met at Quaker gatherings. The Meeting House in Long Lane, Southwark is a likely venue although Devonshire House in Bishopsgate is another possibility as it was the venue for John Cator and Mary Collinson’s wedding. Whether any association had formed by this time is unknown. The subsequent marriage of Collinson’s daughter to Cator identifies Collinson as of Gracechurch Street so it seems he resides at both Mill Hill and Gracechurch Street much in the same way as Cator comes to reside at Beckenham and Southwark and later the Adelphi on the Strand. Collinson’s gardens at both Peckham and Mill Hill gain a reputation much respected in horticultural and botanical circles. He supplies plants to several high ranking people and is associated with Joseph Banks and  Solander who accompany Captain Cook on his round the world voyage.

1749 (or 1751?) - Frederick, 3rd Viscount St. John, inherits the Manor of Beckenham and and the title Viscount St. John from his father John St. John. The title Viscount Bolingbroke is inherited from his uncle Henry in 1751 with estates in Battersea. There is perhaps some confusion to be clarified here as Hasted’s account is meandering and earlier maps of 1736 show John St. John as landlord of at least parts of Beckenham Manor. Many aristocrats had more than one title and sometimes changed names when intermarrying or inheriting estates. This can add some confusion to tracing events. Although it seems Bolingbroke did not own much land which is now in the park apart from a couple of plots, his sale of the extensive Beckenham Manor lands to Cator did allow Cator to become 'Lord of the Manor' after 1773, but without any title other than Esquire.



Frederick 3rd Viscount St.John, 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke

1751 - Death of Henry St. John, 2nd Viscount St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke. He died in 1751, in the seventyninth year of his age, having been twice married; first to Frances, daughter and coheir of Sir Francis Windebank, bart. of Berkshire; and secondly to Mary Clara des Champs de Maresilly, marchioness de Vilette, relict of the marquis Vilette, and niece to the celebrated madam de Maintenon, wife to Louis XIV. but having no issue by either, his titles and estates descended to his nephew, Frederick, the third lord viscount St. John, viz. son of John, second and only surviving son of Henry, viscount St. John, by his second wife Angelica, before mentioned. John viscount St. John, married in 1729, Anne, one of the three daughters and coheirs of Sir Robert Furnese, bart, of Waldershare, in this county, and had by her Frederick before mentioned, and Henry, a lieutenant-general in the army, and two daughters.

Some mystery surrounds what property was belonging to Henry St. John and his half brother John St. John. The only property mentioned in their father's will of 1708 is either money, chattels, or a remainder of property left to their sister Henrietta. Whether prior to 1708 some division and distribution of property took place is a possibility as prior to John St. John's death

An account of Henry St. John is on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_St_John,_1st_Viscount_Bolingbroke

1753 - John Cator the younger of Southwark marries Mary Collinson, daughter of Peter Collinson FRS, merchant and botanist on the 30th August. The ceremony takes place at The Quaker Meeting House, Devonshire House, Bishopsgate, London, it is recorded in Quaker marriage records. The guests and family members are listed on the document which is viewable in Ancestry.co.uk. The marriage settlement document is in Surrey Archive whose catalogue states that no property is mentioned in the settlement. There is more about John and Mary in the ‘Additional Information’ separate publication/file although apart from some passing remarks not much is said or known about Mary. Hester Thrale later records ‘Mr Cator, his wife and a niece, Miss Collison (sic)’ visiting her at Streatham. Collison is a variation of the spelling of Collinson and this would be Mary’s brother’s daughter. Although Hester Thrale and others record some conversations with John Cator nothing is recorded by way of conversation with Mary Cator. Whether this indicates a shy or quiet disposition or maybe snobbery on the part of Hester Thrale and others is to be pondered upon.

1753 – John Cator’s youngest brother William is born. “This is to certify the birth of William Cator son of John Cator (the Elder) was registered in the books of Horsley Down Meeting, London, the 18th day of the first month called January 1753” and is dated October 26th 1770.” There is reference to a William Cator as Cornet ensign 2nd Lt August 2 1769, who resigned April 3 1772, Madras in the book of Officers in the Indian Army by Dodwell and Miles. (source: Pat Manning). William will later make some fortune with the East India Company, become an owner or partner in a brewery business but , try to return to India with the East India Company when his brewery business fails but he is killed by French privateers near Calcutta. (some source material in Westminster archive and a Will with Canterbury Prerogative Court).

1756 - Peter Burrell I of Langley (1692-1756) dies and properties are inherited by his widow Mrs. Amy Burrell. This may include some of the parts of Foxgrove Manor which are now in the park but they seem to come to her later via her brother Jones Raymond. Also his son Peter Burrell II of Langley Park inherits other properties, this needs clarification as estate plans show properties in the names of both Peter Burrell (II) and his mother Mrs Amy Burrell. Peter Burrell I had been Sheriff, Kent 1732-3; director, South Sea Co. 1724-33, sub-governor 1736- d.; director R. Exchange Ass. 1726-38. His position with the South Sea Company was after the Bubble affair and after his marriage to Amy Raymond which may have enabled his entry into the company through Hugh Raymond.
Peter
Burrell’s Will mentions his properties at Beckenham and a house at Covent Garden.

1757 - John Cator buys lands at Southend (source P.Manning from records at Kent Archive).
"The property of Francis Valentine whose ownership was demonstrated by the inclusion of a family tree. John Cator paid £1000 on 25th November 1757 for a messuage, outbuildings, yard, garden and several pieces of land at Southend, Lewisham."

Subsequent research into the Valentine family tree, wills and property reveals that Francis Valentine the elder d.1736 had extensive properties including The Bell in Bromley, The Kings Arms at Farnborough and a Red Lion at Southend. (The Red Lion disappeared or got renamed) One of his grandchildren inherited the Green Man at Southend and whether the Red Lion changed name is an interesting question. Cator exchanges the Green Man with the Forsters of Southend later in 1794 but this purchase from Francis Valentine the younger could be any of the land around Southend Green as it was then called, which was left to the sons and daughters of Francis Valentine the elder.

It now seems unlikely that this is the Stumps Hill land on which the house is built but it is the earliest record of John Cator and Southend. Moving records onto databases might not have the same detail as old card indexes and we cannot find the record at |Kent Archive online. It might be part of ‘Manorial deeds’ records at Kent Archive. However £1000 at that time seems a lot of money unless it was for a substantial amount of land i.e. “several pieces”. Certain areas not covered by the Foxgrove or Beckenham Manor plans might have been part of this purchase. As Cator was acquiring land in several divers places and many landlords had widespread disconnected plots under their ownership several scenarios are possible.

What we do find later in 1794/95 is that John Cator seems to be the landlord (owner not publican) of the Green Man at Southend and a bakers and some cottages. See 1794/95 for more detail. He exchanges these with John Forster for a Mill and other property. Cator estate maps of 1833 and 1869 show land at Southend as part of the estate but not necessarily ‘emparked’. The term ‘emparked’ indicates added to parkland and probably fenced off from general access.

1757 - Frederick Viscount Bolingbroke marries Lady Diana Spencer, daughter of the Duke of Marlborough. The marriage is accompanied by a complex marriage agreement assigning trustees to Bolingbroke’s estates and guaranteeing Diana an income from the estates. From my cursory delving into the reports of subsequent court cases it would take a law professional to come up with an understandable summary of the subsequent events. See 1773 Cator’s purchase of the Manor of Beckenham. And the dissolution of Bolingbroke’s marriage to Diana Spencer

Lady Diana Spencer, later Diana Beauclerk
when remarried after her divorce from Bolingbroke in 1768.

Also in 1757 - Viscount Bolingbroke exchanges the Beckenham 'Old' Manor House and grounds opposite St. George's Church for Woolsey’s Farm at Clay Hill with Peter Burrell II of Langley, the son of Peter (I of Langley) and Amy Burrell. As Peter Burrell I had died the previous year perhaps Woolsey’s Farm was a legacy and the manor house was seen as an attractive exchange? I haven’t found any record of any Bolingbroke’s residing in Beckenham, being more of an absentee landlord, and the house may have been becoming a liability for maintenance or not fetching any income whereas a farm would bring rents? The Burrell’s did spend at least some time in Beckenham with various  members occupying Kelsey, Langley, Houses in the village and were buried in the Church or churchyard.
Bromley Historic Collections archive has this record:

1/2 August 1757 Lease and release and exchange of property between Right Honourable Frederick Lord Viscount Bolingbroke, Baron of Lydiard Cregote (should read Tregose?), Wiltshire and Viscount St John Baron Battersea of Surrey (1st part) and Peter Burrell of Beckenham, Kent, esquire.

The first parties (one person with several titles) assign the mansion house known as the Manor House at Beckenham, Kent with 8 acres of land to Burrell, in exchange for a messuage called Woolsey's Farm and lands and woodland in Beckenham. (Bromley Historic Collections). Roughly 65.5 acres. Burrell got Mansion 8acres, Great & Little Downs 17a abutting to the north Beckenham to Bromley Road, to the south Peter Burrells Garden, west a meadow called Court Mead and east Stone Field occ Peter Burrell. Also Court Mead 12a occ Peter Burrell including a capital messuage. Great and Little Downs may be what are both labelled Court Downs on the Beckenham Manor 1768 plan.

So the subsequent purchase of Beckenham Manor land and ‘Lordship’ in 1773 by Cator, excludes the manor house site opposite St. George's Church. This is probably the driving force for transforming Stumps Hill into Beckenham Place for Cator as ‘Lord of the Manor’.

The Cator estate plan of 1864 excludes the Old Manor house site and any land south of Beckenham High Street and Bromley Road. By 1809 The Old Manor house becomes the property of Henry Hoare before the Burrell estates in Beckenham are sold in 1820.

Woolseys Farm was at Clay Hill near Shortlands, I estimate it to have been where Downs Bridge Road runs from Albemarle Road to Bromley Road. It is on an estate map of 1723 in the British Library. The map states it is in the occupation of H. Fox though difficult to read because of the condition of the map. We latterly think it is the site of Shortlands House, now Bishop Challoners School.

1757-1765? – This is a complex time of land purchases and exchanges. About this time or as part of the 1760 Act of Parliament Cator may have acquired parts of Foxgrove Manor. W.H.Ireland states “It (Foxgrove) passed through several hands and became divided in three parts, the woodlands and store farm were purchased by John Cator”. This most likely is the manner in which Cator acquired the plots on the Foxgrove Manor plan of 1766. Margaret Mitchell suggests ‘store farm’ may be a misspelling of ‘Stone Farm’ which we know Cator had possession of about this time, adjacent to the Kelsey estate. That is confirmed by Hasted’s earlier account which Ireland misreads or is a printing error. As a point of interest Stone Farm appears to have been relocated sometime between the 1766 Foxgrove plan and the 1868 surveyed OS map. It seems the Burrells having acquired the earlier farm from Cator demolished it to extend their grounds at Kelsey and moved it to the corner which is now opposite the Chinese Garage and is a parade of shops.

We now know that Mary Tilly’s lease to St.John Humphrey in 1743 expires in 1757 this year 27/7/1743 presumably before her death Mary Tilly grants the following lease: Originally part of Foxgrove: 14 yr lease from Michaelmas 1743 Mary Tilly to St John Humphrey woodlands named Lewisham Land Wood, Barnfield Wood, Clayhill Wood, Cold Shaws Wood, Bushey Picketts, Bushey Acres, Crooch Oat Shaws, Southerlands Woods, Tootswood, Kingswood, Bromley Wood, The Willows, two pieces Morris Wood – 200a late occ Lancelot Tolson Tilly. (Bromley ref 728/1/3) and this looks like it prompts her heirs to sell Barnfield Wood, Bushey Piggot and Bushey Ten Acres to Cator which he exchanges with the Burrells. Also it looks like he purchases Morrisses Wood East and West along with Lewisham Lands woodland shown on the 1766 Foxgrove map as being within the area of what would later be the Park.


Hasted’s entry for Foxgrove explains that Foxgrove Manor was divided thus:

in 1716, it was then purchased by Mr. John Tolson, from whom it descended to Lancelot Tolson, and from him to Launcelot Tolson Tilly, and he by his will left his estate in this parish in three parts; Foxgrove, as will be mentioned below, to Timewell; Stone-farm to Mrs. Tilly; and his woodlands to Mr. Benjamin Browne, which, as well as Stone-farm, have been since purchased by John Cator, esq. lord of the manor of Beckenham, and he at present possesses them; but he devised (sold?) this manor of Foxgrove to Timewell for his life, and afterwards to John and Edward Brydges of Wotton (Kent), esquires, in this county, who, about the year 1765, conveyed it by sale to Jones Raymond, esq. of Langley, in this parish, “

This has errors but in essence Foxgrove was divided. Lancelot Tolson Tilly died before his wife and his parents. He left estates he had inherited from his uncle Lancelot Tolson to his parents Joseph and Mary Tilly. His mother Mary Tilly nee Tolson outlived his father and she left the estates in several parts. For our purposes the mother, Mary Tilly nee Tolson divided the estates, see 1743.

But then Hasted confuses the death of Peter Burrell with Jones Raymond and surmises that Jones Raymond had a son also named Jones which is not the case. However, this may be the point at which ‘the woodland’ becomes Cator’s Stumps Hill property and he acquires Stone Farm as well in 1761 from Joseph Grove who had inherited from Elizabeth Tilly.

We might assume that the Foxgrove Manor map of 1766 which shows lists of fields in the ownership of Jones Raymon is the result of the purchase from the Bridges/Brydges brothers of Wooton, Kent. Hence it shows land held by Cator and Bolingbroke from Cators earlier purchase from Joseph Grove or exchanges with Raymond and Burrell in 1759/60.

1758 - Thomas Motley, landlord of Elmers End Farms, Thayers Farm and The Mead in the High Street, dies and leaves property to his daughter and son in law Ann and Francis Austin of Sevenoaks. There is substantial land in addition to Beckenham property. It seems that Ann may have died in childbirth in 1747 of her son, Francis Motley Austin. The Austins are of the same family as Jane Austin who is a cousin/niece. Francis Motley Austin will inherit the property on the death of Francis Austin.

1759-60 – A Parliamentary Private Act from the Parliament archive online catalogue

http://www.portcullis.parliament.uk. John Cator exchanges lands in Beckenham and Lewisham with Jones Raymond and Peter Burrell II (1724-1775). This may include the land on which the mansion stands at Stumps Hill but needs more research or evidence to come to light, However, the transcript of the Act made by Mother Mary Baptist (1967) throws some light on it.

"An Act for exchanging certain Messuages, Lands and Hereditaments, in the Parishes of Beckingham (sic) and Lewisham, in the County of Kent, Part of the Estate late of Hugh Raymond Esquire, deceased, for other Lands and Hereditaments in the said Parish of Beckingham, belonging to John Cator the younger, and for settling the Lands so taken in Exchange to the same Uses, as the Lands given in Exchange stand limited, and for enabling Jones Raymond and Peter Burrell Esquires, to grant Building Leases of other Parts of the Estate, late of the said Hugh Raymond."

Essentially the Act states that the properties of Jones Raymond, Peter Burrell and John Cator are so intermixed so as ‘to render the possession and enjoyment of the properties inconvenient’ and the other interested parties consent to the exchanges.

This evidences that John had considerable land holdings already by the age of 31 and whether ‘hereditaments’ means he inherited some of it remains a question or is just  a catch-all legal phrase. But the text of the act refers to John’s “Estate and inheritance” of land. The mention of Lewisham here draws attention to the fact that the land is on both sides of the Parish boundary. The map in the British Library attributed to 1780 shows some of these lands in the Langley and Kelsey area ie. called Barnfield Wood, Bushey Pigott and Bushey Ten Acres which can be traced on the map. Another map copied from a 1735 version has emerged from Kent Archive showing Bushey Ten Acres and Barnfield Wood.  Cator transfers to Raymond and Burrell; Several woods or wood grounds in Beckenham called Barnfield Wood, Bushey Piggott and Bushey Ten Acres. Barnfield Wood Road now runs alongside Langley Park Golf Club.

John Cator acquires Lower field, Middle, Upper and Pond field, Barne Field and Orchard field. Let to Thomas Watford. Staceys with yards gardens and appurtenances and three fields called the Delvins and peartree barn and mill field in occupation of Thomas Selby. These can mostly be identified from maps as being around the Langley area but Delvins may be fields shown on the Beckenham Manor map as being the Delves which are bounded by the name Sir Francis Leigh which is a hangover from when Foxgrove was held by the Leigh family. And on the Foxgrove maps shown as Cator with Ld. Bolingbroke either side. That tempts me to believe the site of mansion was among these fields. The description of fields like upper, middle, lower, barn and pond are so common for different parts of estates that a definitive identification is difficult. Stacy's or Stacey's was at Pickhurst Green identified on a Jones Raymond/Langley Place map circa 1750 (undated but after Hugh Raymond's death and before the 1759 exchange)

Of direct interest here is that property within the boundaries of the now public park were acquired from Jones Raymond and the Burrells.

More can be said about the 1759/60 Act thanks to the writings of Mother Mary Baptist (formerly Bessie Taylor) of Coloma College, West Wickham. As part of a thesis in 1967 she copied out large tracts of this Act and the later one of 1825. From her records we can get a better idea of the extent of the Cator properties and the intentions of the Acts. I have to admire her fortitude in hand copying the detail from what is probably a difficult to read handwritten 18th century document.

It would appear that the Will of Hugh Raymond having left bequests to persons beside his direct heir Jones Raymond and directing how the estate should be preserved required an Act of Parliament to permit exchanges of property with Cator. A similar process would be required later by the heirs of John Cator in 1825.


Frustratingly we cannot absolutely identify where all these plots were, but can guess at some which must be on the 1766 Foxgrove Manor plan in Cator’s name and most likely include the site of the mansion. Whether it is either of the: messuage let to Thomas Watford or, the messuage called Staceys is a tantalizing conundrum. However, the 1785 road diversion plan shows fields enclosed by the old road through the park and the new road which becomes Southend Road and Beckenham Hill Road. If we note the orientation of the map to point north then three fields could be Upper, Middle and Lower, there is the ancient pond in Pond Field, Barne and Orchard fields could be around the buildings which could be those let to Thomas Watford. If this is correct it would extend the property in Cator’s possession around his new house and date it to 1760. 

A ‘messuage’ on the site of the mansion had probably been removed to make way for Cators house which could be Watford's or fields called Delvins. 

1758 - Lease and release for £820 of messuage, appurtenances, 3 acres Battersea, Surrey (formerly occupied by Matthew Golden, George Thornton), occupied by Joseph Constable;
Gatehouse Field, Galloways Croft, and Hubbards, Beckenham occupied by St John Humphrey, Long Mead occupied by Joseph Constable;
Willmotts fields occupied by Elizabeth Batt
George Willson of Southwark, gentleman and wife, Mary, Elizabeth Turton of Penge, spinster and John Boyfield (co-heirs of Benjamin Turton) and Reverand Benjamin Shield of Black Notley, Essex, and wife, Harriott
to Joseph Constable of Penge, yeoman. source: BHS
St.John Humphrey is a landowner of interest but not much can be discovered about him. The name suggests he might be related to the St.John family of Beckenham Manor through an intermarriage with Humphreys.

1760 - King George III until 1810

1760 – Viscount Bolingbroke petitions for a Private Act of Parliament to permit him to dispose of family estates in Kent and elsewhere. This will presumably later facilitate his sale of Beckenham Manor to Cator and Bolingbroke will sell Battersea estates to the Spencer family. Whether the same Spencer branch as his soon to be ex-wife Diana could be researched.

1760/62 - John’s father retires in 1760 and passes the business to him. At the same time Samuel Cator, John’s brother is taken into the business as a 7 year apprentice (source: Will of J.Cator the elder). Cator begins to build the house on Stumps Hill as recorded in the comment by Peter Collinson in his “Hortus Collinsonianus”. I’m inclined to believe the mansion site is on one of the plots exchanged with Jones Raymond in the 1759/60 Act of Parliament. Cator would have lived here and at Southwark. Considering his other property in the area its also possible he had other accommodation locally but no evidence has turned up.

1761 – Joseph Grove who had inherited Stone Farm in Beckenham and Plaistow in Bromley from his niece Mary Tilly (see 1748) sells to John Cator: meadow, pasture and woodland called The Stone Lands in 4 pieces, Half Acres, Hawkesbrooks and East Decoy Croft.

At least some of these are near Kelsey and Langley but will form part of the lands Cator exchanges with the Burrells later in 1793. The Tolsons/Tillys were owners of Foxgrove Manor and other lands from about 1714. Cator pays £2400 for the purchase. From Bromley archive (researched by Keith Baldwin) Bromley Archive record has this: 23/12/1761 Joseph Grove of Richmond Surrey to John Cator £2400 meadow pasture & woodland called the Stone Land 4 pieces, Half Acres, Hawkesbrooks, East Decoy Croft, 2 pieces East Weblands, West Decoy Croft, 2 Bowling Green piesces or the Five Jurys, 3 called Bromley Lands & passage from Bromley Lands to Smithfield, 2 pieces called Smithfield, 2 called Great & Little Shortlands, Hop Garden, the droveway leading from Little Shortlands to May Hill, May Hill otherwise Malefield, Highfield, 2 called Wall Riddens certain pieces late in possession of St John Humphrey formerly Joseph King containing 9.3.5 and also woodland called Chaulks Wood total 160a estate of John Tilly to Lancelot Tolson Tilly to Joseph Tilly to Mary Tilly – Elizabeth Tolson Tilly to Elizabeth Tilly to Joseph Grove in occupation St John Humphrey but late Thomas Bassett.

Most of these sites can be identified on the 1780 ‘Burrell’ map from the British Library which shows plots in Cator's name. The effect of these purchases will be that Cator extends his estates and reorganises via later exchanges.

A question which arises is whether Cator had previously bought land from Grove which he exchanged with Raymond and Burrell a year or two earlier or had he inherited some land from his father John Cator the elder.

1761 - From St. George's register "Mr. Richard Hoare (afterwards Sr Richard Hoare, Bart.) and Frances Ann Acland, married May 7, 1761." (source; Lysons Environs of London)

Richard Hoare had property in Beckenham which he later rented to his brother Henry. The Beckenham property does not seem to be the principal residence of Richard Hoare.

1762 – Peter Collinson records in a letter his visit to John's house newly built on Stumps Hill. (maybe visiting his now pregnant daughter?).
It is now established that John Cator certainly came to live at the house on Stumps Hill much earlier than 1773 as there are records of him buying land in the area in 1757 and exchanging land with Peter Burrell and Jones Raymond in 1759. John Cator's famous botanist father in law, Peter Collinson speaks of his purchasing a fine estate and building a house in letters dated 1761 and 1763. So we now know that the original house dates to 1760-62 as the most recent revelation is a note by Collinson in his Hortus Collinsonianus (catalogue of his plants) in which he says:

"Sept. 17, 1762, went, for the first time, to visit my son-in-law, John Cater (who married my daughter), at his new-built house, now finished, at Stump's Hill, half way (on the south side of the road) between Southend and Beckenham, in Kent, began in the spring 1760, on a pretty wooded estate which he had then purchased. The plantations about it, all of his own doing, I found in a very thriving condition, and when grown up will adorn so stately a house, in so delectable a situation, and make it a Paradise. In his woods grows the native English Chesnut spontaneously. P. Collinson, F.R.S."

Then the publisher of this catalogue, Lambert says :When I visited these grounds, in 1812, I was much struck by the remarkably healthy appearance of many fine trees, including, as nearly as I can recollect, Cedars, Exotic Firs, Liriodendrons.

Though this map is part of the 1766 Foxgrove Manor estate plan, it seems to show a building above the 't' in “Cator's” near the top right of picture. Collinson’s comment about woods could refer to the other ‘Cator’ plots on the map and possibly the Morriss Wood East and West and Lewisham Lands sites as they are not listed as Jones Raymond’s. It’s also possible that Cator owns land north of the road if the 1757 purchase of a ‘messuage’ was the one on the Rocque map showing buildings either side of the road, or from the 1759 exchange with Raymond and Burrell. Some elements remain unconfirmed. Sweet Chestnut certainly grows in both of what are now called Stumpshill Wood and Summerhouse Wood.


Courtesy of British Library©

The architect for the building has been a puzzle and remains so. An article in the Friends of BPP newsletter no.33 describes the ‘candidates’ for the design. It is reproduced in the Additional Information section of this history under “The House on Stumps Hill”. Briefly The ‘biggest’ name that gets a mention is Robert Adam. Other contenders are: George Gibson Jnr., who built St Mary’s Church in Ladywell and Stone House, 281 Lewisham Way, Loampit Vale opposite Lewisham College. Richard Jupp and most commonly suggested Robert Taylor who built Danson House (listed Grade 1), Danson Park, Bexley is not considered to have the same style as displayed in Beckenham Place. Although his name has come up several times in the past, he is no longer thought a serious contender. Henry Holland, who may have built Langley Farm. Holland in collaboration with his father-in-law ‘Capability’ Brown constructed Benham Park, Berkshire in 1775. The style does have many similar elements to Beckenham Place, but is this again because this style was prevalent at the time or did Holland oversee the work here, as his family did settle in this area?

To refer back to the land exchange of 1759/60 and “3 fields called Delvins”, the three plots in the map above with “Mr. Cator’s” may be those fields as the plot “Ld Bolingbroke’s” is annotated as Delves/Delvin on the Beckenham Manor plan. Bessie Taylor had much the same thought.

1761 - Three Tuns; July; Counterpart lease for 7 years 1) Amy Burrell, Peter Burrell 2) James Squire of Beckenham, Kent, victualler. Brick messuage called the London Coffee House alias The Three Tuns, Beckenham (dimensions given), with appurtenances. Demonstrating that the Burrells owned the Three Tuns and that the premises were called the London Coffee House to reflect the fashion of the time and the presence of 'city' residents in the town.

1762 - John Cator's father retires to Bromley (source: Pat Manning). It is said he had a house in Bromley and maybe some property as in his Will the following year he mentions rent from his houses and land left to his wife. Could it have been left to John the younger on his mother’s death or did John manage it among some of his exchanges? John certainly had some land in Bromley Beckenham borders and whether he purchased it all or inherited some has not been discovered. But now I’m wondering about the possibility that John the elder may have moved into property his son had purchased. Why? because in John Cator the elder’s Will below, he describes John Cator the younger as an astute businessman having improved his wealth and having ‘greater ability than I’. John Cator the Younger had taken over the timber business in 1760 and was left the business and the house on Bankside. The evidence of property to exchange in 1759/60 and the map attributed to 1780 but perhaps earlier show that John the younger had several properties that his Father and Mother could have moved into. No evidence has emerged of where John the elder resided though it may have been for a short time if he retired in 1760 unless he resided in Bromley while still running the timber business prior to 1760.

1762 - Village; Counterpart lease for 14 years 1) Amy Burrell and Peter Burrell of Beckenham, Kent, esq 2) Elizabeth Hetherington of Beckenham, shopkeeper. Messuage, centre of 3, in High Street, with appurtenances and land, in Beckenham

1763 - A daughter Maria (also referred to as Mary) is born to John and Mary Cator. 1763 is also the year in which Cator’s father died and his mother came to stay with him but her later abode at the time of her death is recorded as Bromley. John the younger had been given the timber business and a house at Bankside back in 1760 when his father retired. His father’s Will settled in 1764 leaves substantial sums to his children i.e. £1500 to John’s brother Joseph who is in Jamaica at the time of the Will. John also gets the land owned in Ross, Herefordshire. John Cator the Elder’s Will mentions rents from his houses and land left to his wife which is another clue to the potential extent of John senior’s accumulated wealth. John junior is requested to act as father to the rest of the family and take his younger brother Samuel into the timber business as apprentice and then partner. Samuel’s death date has recently been found to be in Jamaica where he was employed as a customs official, the timber not pass on to him. Some historians have said , Cator inherited considerable wealth but it seems that though he had ‘a leg up’ through the family business his net worth increased considerably during his lifetime. However, documents refer to John junior’s ‘hereditaments’ which implies he inherited some other property which might include some in his name on the 1780 Burrell map.

The daughter Maria who dies in 1766 is buried in the tomb in St.George’s churchyard but John’s father’s burial is unknown but if he remained a Quaker it would have been in a Friends burial ground such as Long Lane, Southwark. Some sources on Ancestry.co.uk claim he died in Somerset but it remains a mystery.

This reference is interesting but not of great consequence to the history of the Park. “Found a skeleton in the Cator cupboard. Joseph was married as a young man to Sarah Villers from Coventry but he ran off to Jamaica and left her in the lurch. This was from A2A on line by typing in Cator. Some solicitor’s papers were handed in to the Warwickshire Record Office concerning a bond taken out by John Cator of Bromley dated 1762 for £2,000 to guarantee that son Joseph would not claim against the executors of the will of Thomas Villers since Sarah Cator was a beneficiary. It is not a PCC (Prerogative Court of Canterbury) will and the Warwickshire Record Office is undergoing a refit at the moment but I should like to see the will!” (source: P.Manning)

1763 – In June Peter Collinson writes to John Bartram in America “Pray look, where grows nearest, some Azaleas, Kalmias, and Rhododendrons, for my son-in-law, who has lately bought a fine estate, and built a noble house, and made extensive plantations, and is quite cracked after plants, has plundered my garden all he can, and looks with such a longing eye on what remains, that unless thou sends me a box of those plants to keep all quiet—for my own son is so ardent to keep what I have—that I shall have something to do to manage my two sons. They are so fond of plants, and take such care in planting in proper soil and situation, it gives me entertainment to see their ingenuity and emulation. But my son CATOR deserves encouragement; for when he married my daughter, about ten years agone, he scarcely knew an apple tree from an oak ; but by seeing often my garden, and conversing with me and his brother, is now resolved, if he can, to rival us. In his new, fresh soil, plants thrive finely. I wish thou may pick out what I mean : being much engaged, can add no more, but that I am thy sincere friend, P. Collinson.”

This is perhaps an indication as to why Cator was protective of his estate in his Last Will and Testament although as far as I can make out his land at Stumps Hill may only have been as little as about 40 acres in 1763.

This example of a land exchange outside of the Beckenham Place area, next to Kelseys, between Cator and Burrell illustrates how property deals were conducted..... 25/26 March 1763 Lease and release of a piece of land called Stone Mead in Beckenham, Kent, containing one acre and two rood from John Cator the younger of Southwark, Surrey, merchant to Peter Burrell of Beckenham, esquire in exchange for land called Gatton's Mead, containing 2 1/2 acres in Beckenham. (Bromley Historic Collections). Lease and release was a means of exchanging property and avoiding tax and was later prohibited.

Stone Mead is found on the Foxgrove manor map adjacent to Kelseys and very close to the site of the lake in Kelsey Park, if not the actual site. This evidences that Cator had already acquired Stone Farm from Joseph Grove.

Gattons Mead is a small fields with 1.0.2 and 1.1.8 acres on the south side of Stone Farm. For clarification, land was measured in Acres, Roods and Perches. An acre is 4840square yards. There are 4 roods to the acre (1210 square yards) and 40 perches in a rood. Potential confusion can arise because a perch can also be called a pole or rod. But A.R.P is often seen on old estate plans and even some early maps or just shown as, for example, 4.2.6 as in the map above. I guess one can see that the 1.1.8 plot is approximately a quarter of the adjacent plot.

Below: Stones Farm with Gattons Mead shown to the left. Can this detail be used to date the ‘1780 Burrell Map’ to be closer to 1763? Stone Farm is referred to as Barnfield House under Cator’s ownership.

Image courtesy of British Library©




1764 – Joseph Grove dies, who had been left parts of Foxgrove estates at Plaistow, Bromley and Stone Farm etc in Beckenham via the Tolsons and Tillys which is believed to include Foxgrove Farm. He leaves the Plaistow part of Foxgrove estates to a nephew Groves Wheeler and in the will he mentions a mortgage “due to him from Mr. Cator at Christmas”. It is unclear what land the mortgage relates to but could be the land identified on the 1766 Foxgrove map including the Stone Farm mentioned under 1761. We may never know the full story but maybe this adds some substance to Cator’s activities in property dealing. John had exchanged part of Stone Farm with Peter Burrell a year earlier so had acquired Stone Farm from Grove a before that.

1765 - Hasted states Foxgrove Manor was purchased by Jones Raymond from John and Edward Brydges of Wotton (should read Wootton/Kent) in 1765, but Raymond and Burrell were exchanging land with Cator in 1760 some of which is believed to be in Foxgrove manor so the date of 1765 is questionable at least for some of Foxgrove. The Brydges were absentee landlords having inherited from a local relative but the Raymond’s appear to be ‘local’ landlords describing themselves as “of Langley” since their acquisition of that estate and having family members buried in the local church even though their estates included parts of Essex and Stepney. More can be said about the Timewell and Brydges families which are intermarried, Deborah, Edward and John Bridges or Brydges are siblings and Deborah had married the Reverend Edward Timewell who outlived her, becoming owner of the woodlands, being her part of Foxgrove. The Tolsons are  related to the Bridges by the marriages of two sisters of the Roberts family of Bekesbourne, Kent. The evidence that the park predates 1773 supports the possibility that Hasted’s dates aren’t 100 percent reliable. Bearing in mind how difficult we find it to piece together events with the aid of the internet and modern means, Hasted’s task was even greater.

1765 – John Cator’s sister Mary marries Joseph Sparkes of Bromley. If not already then he will become a director of the East India Company thus strengthening the ties of the Cators to the EIC. Some time later a grandson of Joseph and Mary Sparkes will find a position in India as a judge. The Sparkes sons George and Henry are left bequests in Cators Will in 1806. It turns out that it is a complex facet of the Cator estates and Pat Mannings book addresses the Sparkes connection. See 1806 to 1825 timeslots.

1765 - Manor of Beckenham: November 4th:   An Indenture regarding the marriage settlement is written between Frederick St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke and Lady Diana Spencer. Frederick receives £10,000 in exchange for various properties including the Manor of Beckenham. The subsequent disolution of the marriage will involve Diana returning the properties in return for an annuity. The lands of Beckenham are described with field names and acreages. A list of occupants demonstrates that the St.Johns were  absentee landlords in that they mention as occupants of the manor lands John Cator, Jones Raymond, Peter Burrell, Thomas Motley, Joseph Humphrey, Ann Ackland, Abraham Clouder, David Henry, Job Lloyd, Charles Wray and the widow Wither. The other property includes Lydiard Tregoze which is the St.John family seat in Wiltshire, Purley Manor in Berkshire etc. and several trustees are mentioned. From an 1810 handwritten copy which resides in the Wiltshire archive.

The indenture appears to give parties associated with Diana Spencer ie Earl of Guilford (Lord North), Earl of Pembroked (Henry Herbert), Duke of Marlborough and Earl Waldegrave as well as Frederick Viscount Bolingbroke rights to lease or rent properties or to sell property provided the proceeds are spent on the acquisition of similar property. This was a mechanism by which estates were intended to remain intact. Frederick is described as acquiring an Act of Parliament which authorised him to sell family estates and not lay out the proceeds in purchases, due to his accumulating debts. John Cator subsequently made similar provisions in his will which John Barwell Cator circumvented in an Act of Parliament in 1825. Research shows that some or all of the co-signatories or trustees were connected by intermarriage with the Spencers. Waldegrave it appears was descended from a Churchill daughter, Arabella, who had beem the mistress of James II. Family and politics bound them together.

Another document in Wiltshire archive relates to the Bolingbroke arrangement with Mrs. Hare which would cause John Cator problems with his purchase of the Manor of Beckenham. The mention of Cator  in this Bolingbroke document is further evidence of his presence in Beckenham between 1760 and 1770 both as a landowner and leaseholder. Presumably the lease putting him in a position to buy when land was offered for sale. Of course its most probable these leaseholders sub-let to other tenants.

Frederick and Diana will divorce in 1768 due to Diana's "Criminal Conversation" (adultery) with Topham Beauclerk  which resulted in a child. Simple searches on the internet will reveal a lot about Frederick, Diana and Topham Beauclerk, none of which directly impacts Beckenham other than by the passage of landlordship of the estates.

1766 – John and Mary Cator’s daughter Maria dies in infancy. John's sister Ann also dies after a long illness (source: P.Manning). Many infant deaths were attributed to 'fever' but diseases such as measles, dyptheria, whooping cough, smallpox, scarlet fever, typhus, cholera, typhoid were all common, attributable to poor hygene, or not effectively treatable until well into the 19th century and beyond.

1766 – The Manor of Foxgrove estate plan is transcribed by Proudlove from a 1720 version. That earlier version has not surfaced...yet, which was probably drawn up for the Tolson family. This updated transcription shows plots owned by John Cator, Jones Raymond and Lord Bolingbroke. The plan covers not only the area directly in and around the park but some plots quite isolated in Elmers End, Kelsey, Langley and elsewhere. It was drawn to indicate the Jones Raymond possessions hence the legend of field names and acreages with other landowners indicated instead of some field names.

Despite some unclear confusions of land transfers up to this point we may take it this reflects the situation in 1766 with no significant changes until after the 1776 version (see 1776). Also see 1777 where Cator exchanges other land for the fields named Pill Crofts here with Amy Burrell.

The land within the Foxgrove Manor which became the park was only the northernmost part but the more southerly part of Foxgrove Manor remained associated with Foxgrove Farm. Hasted and Ireland refer to the division of Foxgrove and Cator acquiring Stone Farm and woodlands. Whether the ‘woods’ may be Morisswood East and West, Lewisham Lands and/or the plots bounding the small ‘Bolingbroke’ section. Margaret Mitchell points out that ‘store farm’ in Irelands account is a misprint for ‘Stone Farm’ which is on the 1766 plan but adjacent to what is now Kelsey Park.

We know John Cator owned Stone Farm from the circa 1780 “Burrell” plan.

John Cator added some land to the park purchased from the Forsters and Francis Flower of Southend in Lewisham and probably the Earl of Rockingham who is identified on the Foxgrove Manor plan. The records of this area are more difficult to trace but the Rockinghams and Sondes family and Lees Court Estate possessed land at Mottingham, Lewisham and Bromley.

Estates were not always contiguous areas of land but very divers holdings often being the odd field, wood or farm. Intermarriage was one way these widespread estates accumulated. It seems John Cator acquired his early land acquisitions as they came on the market. The death of an estate holder might prompt the heir to sell some unwanted sites as we see later with John Cator’s heir, John Barwell Cator. The maps often raise as many questions as they answer.




Reproduced by permission of The British Library © Shelfmark(s): Cartographic Items Maps 188.k.3.(6.) This image is from the 1776 redrawing which is easier to read. The Cator holdings do not change between the two versions apart from some acquisitions in the village 'high street'.


British Library©

This cropped image shows the area mainly within the Park. Mr Cator at the top is the site of the mansion, The Lord Bolingbroke pieces are called Hicks Field and Delves on the Beckenham Manor map, Thistle Down is now called Crab Hill, Lewisham Lands is Summerhouse Wood, Lewisham Land Hills is Railway Field and adjoining woodland, Natt and Brooks are The Common by the river. Small parts of Earl of Rockingham may be on the Common and backing onto properties in Brangbourne Road.

On the 1766 map Cator's land is surrounded by the holdings of Jones Raymond. The Hop Ground, Pill Crofts etc outlined by a dark line and yellow colouring are listed as Raymond's. It may be that plots not heavily outlined near Cator's are already his property. As the 1757 Southend purchase mentioned ‘several pieces of land’ and the 1759/60 Act named parts of Foxgrove Manor maybe Morrisswood East and West are Cators because they are not listed as belonging to Jones Raymond in the legend. I estimate the plots with Cator’s name plus Morrifswood East and West to be about 40 acres. But Cator’s plots are divided in any case because Jones Raymond owned Hop Ground (more research is needed). The Lord Bolingbroke annotation between two ''Cators'' plots is clarified on the Beckenham Manor plan as being a small plot owned by Bolingbroke but leased to someone else (Sir Francis Delves). So there was a jumble of ownership and occupation. Also few buildings are indicated on these plans so Rocque’s map is an indicator of where buildings may have been.

Some field shapes are recognizable to this day. Thistle Down is the modern day Crab Hill field and Lewisham Lands is most of the woodland (Summerhouse Wood). Lewisham Land Hills is Railway field and adjacent woodland. Natt Brooks is Summerhouse Field and the Common.


This aerial image is rotated to resemble the Foxgrove plan. Thistle Down is where the ‘R’ in Ravensbourne is.

A bit more can be said about the Foxgrove Manor plan as it depicts lands owned by Jones Raymond. It also depicts lands owned by the Burrells and Lord Bolingbroke as well as Cator. Some fields are outlined yellow to show they are Jones Raymond's and a list at the side shows field names and acreages. Some plots are just named without an owner indicated i.e. Lewisham Lands 18.2.29 (18 acres 2 roods 29 perches). 2 plots called Morrisswood west and east bound the hop ground and may already be Cator's. The part annotated 'A' Earl of Rockingham is indicated as being grazed by oxen (12 great beasts of Foxgrove). This part is believed to have been a marshy area by the river probably no good for agriculture.

The road which is now the drive through the park is the boundary of the Foxgrove Manor and partly of the Beckenham Manor lands, but it seems some of the land along the western side of the road is not in either manor, possibly being Forster Estate/Lewisham Manor and Flower House property.

The description Lewisham Lands denotes land in Lewisham Parish which was or would be acquired by Cator. Lewisham Land Hills and Nat Brooks are owned by Jones Raymond as indicated in the legend below. The small lozenge shaped plot is believed to be a sandpit on the river floodplain. No buildings are drawn, only boundaries and enclosures. In my reading of the various maps it seems the line between Hop Ground and Morriss Wood East is the line of the stream in the park going back almost to Foxgrove Farm before it was straightened as part of the golf course landscape. It would make sense for a stream to be a boundary line. The Lord Bolingbroke plot by the church can be related to the Beckenham Manor plan (under 1768) as fields named the Pound, Church and Broom next to the church. Another plan of about 1780 of Burrell's holdings in Langley does show more 'habitation' as it was drawn for the purpose of recording leases and leaseholders. Some plans may have been drawn for marriage settlement or the Will of a landowner i.e. Jones Raymond dies 2 years after the 1766 plan. Or may be related to the sale of property or land tax assessment.

Images courtesy of British Library©


1766 - Two persons are accused of stealing and receiving timber taken from Cator's Bankside business, (Surrey Archive QS2/6/1766/Mic/20-21). It would be interesting to discover whether they were found guilty and any sentence received. Eighteenth century penalties were severe with death or transportation being common.

1768 - Jones Raymond of Langley dies with no issue or direct heir so his possession of Foxgrove Manor is left to his sisters (Amy, Bridget and Dynah) but seemingly the other sisters devise or sell their interest to Amy Burrell who is Jones Raymond's widowed sister from her marriage to Peter Burrell. Some lands appear in the name of Mrs Burrell or Peter Burrell (II of Langley) on estate plans. The Burrell's already owned other lands in Beckenham, Bromley and Penge such as Kelseys'. Jones Raymond’s other property and Langley Park also passes to Amy and Peter (II) Burrell. It was common for intermarriage between land owning families. There were at least two marriages between other members of the Burrells and Raymonds families. The Burrells had become 'of Langley' rather than 'of Beckenham' or ‘Kelsey’ perhaps reflecting the grandeur of the estate.

Jones Raymond's memorial plaque in St. George's Church is dated March 23rd 1768

The Raymonds and Burrells probably never lived in Foxgrove manor house which was more of a farm. The house was moated perhaps reflecting that it was an older more fortified property at one time, maybe a bit like Ightham Moat. In any case the house and moat are now lost forever. The Will of Jones Raymond in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury may prove interesting reading for those inclined to struggle through it. Mention is made of several of his relatives and their bequests.

The British Library have some documents from the East India Company with Jones Raymond’s name and signature. He was appointed a new director of the EIC in The Gentleman’s Magazine of April 1739. “A Voyage to the East Indies” John Henry Grose published 1766 states that Jones Raymond was still a named director of the EIC in 1755. And also later in 1757 in The London Chronicle.


Foxgrove farm/manor house 1865 OS map, note the Ice House
(from National Library of Scotland)

1768 - Frederick  St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke and Diana Spencer divorce by Act of Parliament. Possibly due to this and the settlement regarding property the following map is produced from a 1623 original. Diana is awarded an annuity of £800 per annum.

1768 - The Manor of Beckenham map or plan (below) is redrawn and transcribed by T. Proudlove from a 1623 plan. The plan is in The British Library. The two parts of Beckenham Manor had been reunited under the St. Johns (see 1623). With the Foxgrove Manor plan above it is possible to fit The Bolingbroke land next to the church with Church Field and Broom Field in the plan below and see how a piece of land is unaccounted for by both Manors. This plan raises a question as to why the Manor opposite the church is not annotated as belonging to Peter Burrell from the prior exchange in 1757.


Reproduced by kind permission of the British Library © Shelfmark(s): Cartographic Items Maps 188.k.3.(4.)

On the above plan Beckenham Place would eventually occupy the bottom left corner outside of the Beckenham Manor boundary. The plan is orientated with North at the bottom and the road running down from the church is the road which runs through the park from approximately just above Hicks Field. Hicks Field, Sir Francis Leigh is written above Delves plot which is marked as Lord Bolingbroke’s on the Foxgrove plans as is Hicks Field. This is another example of the mixed ownerships and of how if a plot belonged to another landowner it was described as 'Lord Bolingbroke' or 'John Cator' and the field name omitted.

Sir Francis Leigh is indicated as a landowner of the areas not in Beckenham Manor but in Foxgrove Manor, but by 1768 The Leighs had sold this area to the Tolsons and it became divided as explained in earlier points on the timeline ie 1716 and they in turn divided and disposed of it to Jones Raymond, Lord Bolingbroke and John Cator. Although the ‘Bolingbroke’ parts may have already belonged them on the 1623 version if only it was in existence..

The only part of Beckenham Manor within Cator’s Beckenham Place may be the left edge of ‘The Lawn’ and ‘Spring Park’ which seem to be the curve of Stumps Hill Wood. Maybe the ancient oaks along the edge of Stumps Hill Wood are manor boundary markers. After Cator’s death much of that part was sold in the 19th century for building. A few large houses were built and possibly after wartime bomb damage some were demolished. The current Calverly Close estate occupies much of this section. The map extracts below show how the curved edge of woodland matches with ‘Spring Park’ and the bottom edge of Spring Park follows the old parish boundary between Beckenham and Lewisham Parishes.


The two estate plans of Beckenham and Foxgrove dovetail together showing how the Manors are neighbours and how very little of the modern day park is in Beckenham Manor. 

1768 – Kent Archive has this record but unfortunately any plans are missing. See 1780 map reference as the map perhaps should be dated to circa 1768 as a draft line is on it for a road diversion.
Part of highway leading from Beckenham to West Wickham, from north end of Langley Pond Mead Hedge in Beckenham, southwards across avenue of capital messuage of Amy Burrell, widow, late of Jones Raymond, Esq., called Langley House, and thence south-eastward towards Langley Park, and thence south-westward between lands of Amy Burrell called Red Lodge Farm to north-west corner of Wickham Green in West Wickham, 295 rods [1,622 & 1/2 yards] long, 20 feet wide, to be diverted by Amy Burrell to new line from the beginning of the old highway, through Hawks Brooke Lane, thence westward towards farmhouse occupied by Job Floyd near Langley House, thence southward, through fields of Amy Burrell called Upper Ridleys, Walnuttree Field, James's Fields, Further Field and Barn Field to Beckenham - West Wickham road at wheeler's house and shop, occupied by Thomas Hewman, 304 rods [1,672 yards] long, 20 feet wide.

Part of footpath in Beckenham and West Wickham, leading westward from messuage of Amy Burrell in Beckenham called Brewhouse Farm, across the above highway and the avenue, thence southward, through Four Fields belonging to Red Lodge Farm, called Ockfield, Conduit Field, James's Field, and Orchard Field, and oat by a stile to the above old highway near Wickham Green, 260 rods [1,430 yards] long, 3 feet wide, to be diverted as above.

Below: Part of the “1780” perhaps showing the 1768 road diversion. The kink in the road across the avenue of trees is around Langley Place house and Cator has two fields adjacent to it.


(courtesy of British Library©)

1768 - Viscount Bolingbroke and Diana Spencer are divorced by Act of Parliament. The estate plan of Beckenham Manor may relate to the separation settlement. Or as Bolingbroke reputedly had financial problems he may have been considering a sale of the estate. It seems Diana Spencer was awarded £800 per year from the estates of Bolingbroke, a considerable sum at the time and different sources will value it differently but £1 in 1750 may be equivalent to £180 to £240 today. So Ms. Spencer may have been receiving the equivalent of about £144k to £190k p.a.  Bolingbroke had earlier in 1763 sold the Battersea parts of the St. John estates to the Spencer family.

A catalogue description of the Act: Copy of an act to dissolve the marriage of Frederick, Lord Viscount Bolingbroke, with Lady Diana Spencer, his now wife, and to enable him to marry again, and for other purposes therein mentioned. Lady Diana Spencer to receive £800 p.a. from the estates conveyed to the Viscount on her marriage, for the rest of her life.

This book available online has a good account of the divorce.

"Dr Johnson's Friend and Robert Adam's Client Topham Beauclerk". Some references describe Beauclerk as as much of a ‘cad’ as Bolingbroke, being an abusive husband with questionable cleanliness.


1768 – Is also the year in which John Cator first stands for parliament at Gloucester but is defeated.

1768 - Village;  March; Lease for further term of 14 years 1) Richard Henry Alexander Benet, Amy Burrell, Peter Burrell 2) Stephen Cazalet. 6 closes (names given) and 2a in Beckenham.

Closes are usually low status dwellings probably sub-let to several tenants such as labourers.

1769 - John Cator was certainly living at Beckenham Place in 1769 for his house is clearly marked on a map published by Andrews, Drury & Herbert in that year. He may well have come to live here soon after his marriage in 1753 but now we know from Collinson that he certainly built a house by 1762. Peter Collinson writes to Benjamin Franklin about being on the eve of his daughters wedding 12th August 1753. John Cator retained property at Bankside, Southwark near his business until 1794. The Andrews map shows a building with a rounded bay at the rear as is the construction of the mansion but no projecting portico at this time nor a lake in the grounds. The scale prevents much detail being drawn but the record of other landowners is interesting and a clue to further investigations at various archives. The map does appear to be inaccurate is some respects and also similar to the earlier Rocque map. I guess the scale and accuracy are far below what was later achieved by the Ordnance Survey.

The Rocque map is further below for comparison and as the road alignment is almost the same on both maps 'it may be' that Rocque shows buildings either side of the road on or near the site of the mansion prior to the 1760/62 date of the building of the mansion. Investigation of the land around and opposite the mansion, under the current car park, might reveal some remains. Speculation probably based on these maps has been that the mansion is on the site of a previous building or is an alteration of it. If Cator bought an existing 'messuage' of buildings and land he may either have demolished and rebuilt in a fashionable design or altered the building. We may never know the full story.


1769 Andrews and Drury



1745 Rocque

1769 - Purchase by Amy Burrell of sole interest in Foxgrove and other properties in Beckenham, Hayes and Bromley purchased by her brother Jones Raymond (d1768) and bequeathed in moieties under his will 24 Jan 1769 Lincolnshire Archives, Ref. 7ANC3/2/5-6


1769/70 – Viscount Bolingbroke leases the Manor of Beckenham to Mrs Margaret Hare which will present John Cator with difficulties later on when he ‘buys’ the estate in 1773 without Bolingbroke revealing his prior leasing of the estate. Some effect of this may impact the parts of Foxgrove Manor identified as belonging to Bolingbroke on the 1766 and 1776 plans. Mrs Hare pays Bolingbroke £3000 and expects rents in return of £500 per annum. Bolingbroke apparently makes one payment but then omits to pay further instalments. We used to call that ‘dodgy’.

1770/71 - Peter Burrell III acquires some land in Whitehall to build a house later named Gwydir House by his son, also named Peter who would become Lord Gwydir.

1772/80 - John Cator is elected MP for Wallingford. This will be his longest period in the House of Commons (History of Parliament online)

1773 – John Cator purchases the Manor of Beckenham from Frederick St.John, Lord (Viscount) Bolingbroke who had inherited the estate and Bolingbroke title in 1749/51 from his uncle. The purchase price was £19,688 and Cator transfers South Sea annuities to that value to Bolingbroke’s and his trustees. Bolingbroke signs over the annuities or dividends from the South Sea Stock to a Mr. Boldero, maybe to pay off other debts?

This purchase of the Lordship of the Manor of Beckenham in 1773 from Lord Bolingbroke confused the date of John Cator coming to live in the area and the date of Beckenham Place for many years with many references still citing 1773 as the date of the building.

John’s house at Stumps Hill was adjacent to the Beckenham Manor lands and this may be the date when he decides to refer to his house as the mansion or Place since the old manor house in Beckenham was never in his ownership. I presume that from map evidence, that included in the sale, Bolingbroke land in Foxgrove Manor was also acquired by Cator. Bolingbroke also had property around Kelsey and Langley which it seems also came to Cator as part of the purchase and may have included land up to what is now Crystal Palace which is shown on the Beckenham Manor map of 1768. We have to compare the whole of the 1766 Foxgrove Manor plan which also covers Kelsey and Langley though in little detail, and the 1768 Beckenham Manor plan with the 1780 Burrell plan which shows a lot of property in the name of Cator which had been Bolingbroke’s.